Free Essay

Topics in Cultural Studies: Latin and Vernacular Languages

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kwelch794
Words 486
Pages 2
Topics in Cultural Studies: Latin and Vernacular Languages

Topics in Cultural Studies: Latin and Vernacular Languages Spanish is spoken today by more than 300 million people around the world and is one of the most common languages of the modern world. Spanish is used in South America, Europe and in some parts of Africa. The once native language of a region in Spain has evolved to become one of the most common languages today after more than six hundred years. It is one of the Indo-European languages and dates back to more than five thousand years. Latin was one of the major languages to influence the development of Spanish over the years as the Roman Empire spread across Europe. Latin gained popularity in the Spanish peninsula as the people adopted in for ease in communication while also adding to it the elements of local dialect which later developed to be known as Hispanic Latin. The Spanish peninsula was later conquered by Muslims who brought Arabic and Islamic literature with them. After the end of the Muslim rule in Spain, Spanish spread to the newly discovered lands of North America when Columbus set out to discover new sea routes to Asia. The conquests of South America and some African lands helped Spanish spread and evolve while accommodating local dialects of the conquered lands. Though many of the conquered areas of Americas gained independence after some years, the people living in those areas had learnt, developed and spread Spanish to an extent that it became the single most common language in the region along with its other dialects (The History of Spanish Language).
Influence of Latin on Western languages Latin is known to be one of the oldest languages of the world. It is amongst the Indo-European languages which include Greek, Celtic and Germanic. Latin has influenced many languages such as English, Spanish, Dutch and German. The growth of the Roman Empire helped spread Latin across many European lands. Latin later held became the most dominant language in Europe. Latin was not only the official language of the Roman state it was also the official language of the Church. As Christianity spread across many regions so did Latin as most of the Biblical text and religious scriptures had been written in Latin. Schools, government offices and courts within the Roman Empire used Latin as the official language. Trade also helped spread Latin across many other regions of the world where it developed adding elements of local languages and dialects. Latin was later known to the world as the Roman language (Latin and the Vernacular Languages, 1996).

References 1. Latin and the Vernacular Languages. (1996). Retrieved fromhttp://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/firsteuro/lang.html

2. Vernacular Languages. (2005). Retrieved from http://medievalwriting.50megs.com/whyread/vernac.htm

3. The History of the Spanish Language. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.randomhistory.com/1-50/015spanish.html…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Vernacular Language

...paper marketing techniques were important for the rise of vernacular. Between 500-100 after empire the Peninsular was also using the vernacular language in the form of popular celebration of religious festival. Europe adopted the vernacular by the fourteenth century. Vernacular is the meaning of the people. The role of the women in the rise of vernacular language should also not be understated as it was commissioned work to be written in or translated to vernacular language. By the fifteenth century, vernacular language was well established as the language of literature historical record and personal expression. However, vernacular language was often subject to standardization. It was possible to rise and spread because many people did not speak Latin, not even Noble men. Vernacular made it easier to convert people to Christianity. The desire is to spread Christianity. Women wanted take part in cultural debates and technology advance. The translation of the bible is vernacular language. Most of the vernacular languages branched off from Latin and depended on the social class. Latin was wide spread during the rise of the Roman Empire and was the main spoken and written language until the fall of the Roman Empire in 1200 A.D. Latin “allowed for people of diverse linguistic backgrounds to be able to communicate,” (Sayre). Latin also changed form over time depending on who was speaking or writing it (Sayre). Latin was more spread around upper classes and members of the......

Words: 409 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The History of Vernacular Languages

...The History of Vernacular Languages Lea Pidgeon American Intercontinental University Online Abstract This paper discusses the origins and history of vernacular languages in the twelfth century. It also describes some of the cultural changes that resulted from this shift in language. The History of Vernacular Languages One definition for vernacular language is “The everyday language spoken by a people as distinguished from the literary language” (Farlex Inc,, 2013). There are many forms of vernacular languages that vary from region to region within a particular country. A few examples include: Celtic Languages, such as, Irish Gaelic, Scots Gaelic (Erse), Manx Gaelic Germanic languages, such as, Bavarian German, Dutch, English (Old English, Anglo-Saxon), Frisian, High German, Low German, and Yiddish. During the rise of the Roman Empire Latin became the common language. Only the upper class and clergy were literate in Latin. During the High Middle Ages, the feudal aristocracy felt the need for literacy and education. This created a demand for literature that applied to the lives if the ruling military class. This brought about the beginning of the spread of different forms of vernacular language. The spread of vernacular languages was also due to the consolidation of monarchies and the decreased papal influence. Due to the breakdown of Christendom, separate countries ruled by one king or emperor (Applied History Research Group, 1997). These events......

Words: 825 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Vernacular Languages

...Project Topics in Cultural Studies HUMA215-1301A-36 Vernacular language is native of a particular group, region or country; mainly spoken as opposed to written. Until the 12th century, Latin was the language used among the educated and within literature. It is no surprise that Latin had such an impact on the medieval world. Latin owes its dominance to the rise of the Roman Empire from several hundred years B.C. to its demise around 1200 A.D. All through the time that it reigned supreme, Rome exported not only its values, architecture, law and art, but also its language. When the empire began to fall, the Latin language began to lose its hold on the people of Europe and North Africa. Since the empire began shrinking as early as the eighth and ninth century it is not surprising that the people living furthest from Rome itself were the first to undergo a cultural and ethnic revival, an integral part of this revival would be the use of their own vernacular language rather than the use of Latin. Latin became widely spread with the expansion of the Roman Empire. Latin eventually became the dominant the dominant language in the western half of the Empire. There were several Italic languages all belonging to the Indo-European linguistic family, Latin was among languages and its development was influenced by other tongues, including Celtic, Etruscan and Greek languages. All languages undergo development and changes...

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Origins of Vernacular Language

...The Origins of Vernacular Language Bryan K Hairston AIU Online Abstract In this paper the term vernacular can be defined as using a language that is native to a country, rather than an art, music, and literature, or storybook language. The vernacular language is considered as the family of modern romance languages. The vernacular languages are known for usage in Spanish, French, Italian and Portuguese. The Origins of Vernacular Language Earlier in the twelfth century, Latin was the major language that was used for literature and among the educated. The Italian language influenced the findings, as well as other languages consequently spreading throughout Europe (Sayre, 2013). The Latin language was developed constantly due to the significant differences during each period. Changes in the spoken language incited changes in the literary written language. This was also reflected in the less educated as well. Latin language experienced endless development during each period of its evolution. There were many differences between the literary written languages which were very distinct from the spoken language of the educated as opposed to the less educated general public. Latin was also influenced by local languages spoken or written within a larger region under the influence of what later came known as the Roman Empire (M.U.S.E). The development of writings and learning in Latin Language was strongly influenced by the Greeks. However, for people in Western......

Words: 850 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Vernacular Languages

...Impacts of the Vernacular Language In this paper we will be discussing a few different aspects to the rise of vernacular languages, its use, the spread of it and how it impacted the different cultures within the medieval age. From the rise of the Christian Churches to the time of courtly love, troubadours and the romantic love era vernacular languages impacted the people of France throughout Western Europe and the rest of the world. Though the people of the general population where not able to interpret and understand the Latin language known as the language of the elite (the educated or the people of higher and political authority) until mid to late middle ages, they began to write and speak through the common languages within their countries to make it easier to communicate and understand laws, romantic love and to also spread the words of god within the Christian churches. The Catholic Church was established in 325 CE (Sayre,2013), approximately 300 years after the death of Jesus Christ. By 476 BE, the Germans had taken over the Roman Empire under the rule of Constantine as he started to build his empire known as the Byzantine Empire . Constantine, the first Christian ruler, a believer of Jesus Christ, moved the Roman Empire to Instanbul, formerly known as modern day, Turkey. Upon establishing his empire and the Christian church Constantine named that city after himself, Constantinople. After the Christian Church was established came the Medieval Ages which took...

Words: 1012 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Topics in Cultural Studies

...Tiffany Bevil Topics in Cultural Studies: HUMA215 - 1304A - 04 Unit 2 Individual Project Michael Polich American InterContinental University Online October 21, 2013 Romance is the native language of Europe that I chose to discuss. The term ”Romance” come from the Vulgar Latin adverb romanice, comes from Romanicus as an example the expression romanice loqui, “to speaking roman, that is the Latin Vernacular as well as with latine loqui, to speak in Latin that is Medival Latin and with Barbarice loqui this is to speak in Barbarian a non- Latin language from the people living outside the Roman Empire. The word Romance novel and love affair, Popular Tales that focused on Love in the medieval literature of Western Europe were composed in the vernacular and come to be called romances. The origins of romance languages are the continuation of Vular Latin. It was spoken by the soldiers, settlers, and merchants of the Roman Empire. The expansion of the Empire between 350 BC and AD 150, made Latin the dominant native language in the Continental Western Europe with its administrative and educational policies. Latin has a strong influence in Southeastern Britain; the Roman province of Africa and the Balkans north of the Jirecek Line. The Empire decline and after it was destroyed in the fifth century. Several types of Latin began to spread within each local area at a fast rate and developed into a continuum of recognizably different...

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

From Latin to Vernacular

...Project Topics in Cultural Studies-HUMA215 Candice Kelley Waugh 1/21/14 “To be or not to be…?” If the question is whether to confine all literary works to only the Latin language, then the answer for scholars and writers alike in the 12th century was indeed not. While Latin was spoken and read by educated men throughout Europe at the time, the growing availability of education for even the common man and women made for an increase in the amount of works created. It would then follow that with proper knowledge of the written word, those with the creative inkling would begin to write, not as a scholar, but rather in the vernacular most commonly recognizable to those who would read their works. Vernacular simply means the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a particular country or region (Sayre, 2013). The Latin language however is far from dead. Its roots can be found in nearly every language throughout the world. Even with the complexity of the English language, Latin bases, roots, prefixes and suffixes are very apparent. Without the shift from exclusivity to commonality the literary world would have suffered greatly. Prior to the 12th century, literature was primarily written in Latin. According to Dr. Deborah Schwartz, a professor at Calpoly University, writers of the time adapted poetry from Latin to French as part of a movement known as “translation studii” (Schwartz, 1999-2008). Not only were current works translated to language that......

Words: 470 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Origins of Vernacular Language

...Running Head: Origins of Vernacular Language Unit 1: Origins of Vernacular Language Brittany Austin Instructor: Cheryl Lemus HUMA215-1101A-02 February 17, 2011 Origins of Vernacular Language According to the Merriam-Webster online dictionary, the term vernacular can be defined as using a language that is native to a country or province rather than a cultured, foreign, or literary language (Merriam-Webster, 2011). These languages would one day be known as Portuguese, French, Spanish, Italian, and etc. The vernacular languages would also be considered as the large family of contemporary “Romance” languages (Matthews, 2011). Before the twelfth century, Latin was the major language that was used by writers. The developments of Latin were influenced by other native languages which included Celtic languages, Greek, and Etruscan (University of Calgary, 1996). Latin was continuously developed because there were significant differences in each period. These differences included those in the literary written language, and also in the differences in the spoken language of the educated and the less educated populace. Between 500 – 100 after the Empire, the peninsula was also using the vernacular language in the form of popular celebrations of religious festivals, improvisational troupes of actors, story-tellers, etc (Matthews, 2011). However none of the literature was written down and handed......

Words: 757 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Topics in Cultural Studies

...Topics in Cultural Studies HUMA215 Unit 2 Individual Project By: Mary Mason AIU Online Language is a crucial component of everyone’s culture and values. Everyone communicates with others in different ways depending on one’s culture. There are also different key factors that can be put into play about a person communication for example, sign language. If someone cannot hear or speak than sign language becomes their form of communication. There are many various types of communication used to communicate with others. This is all based on the culture you are taught and use on an everyday basis. The communication style that one uses tells their audience many things about you without that person even speaking one single word. Take body language it can reveal so much about a person. Body language can be direct and intentional but most of it is subconscious and indirect. We use our hands when we speak and that tells others about you, like your thoughts and feelings even if that is not what you want them to know and if it is not what you’re actually talking about. Sign language is another form of communication that is used to communicate. This method of communication is nonverbal and is used mostly by deaf individuals and their close family and friends. There are actually two different types of sign language that is used. American Sign Language (ASL) and the Black American Sign Language (BASL). The Black American sign language is actually used to represent more...

Words: 477 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Topics in Cultural Studies Unit 1

...http://www.ancient-greece.org/resources/timeline.html Jones, J. (n.d.). ROMAN HISTORY TIMELINE . West Chester University's - On-line Web Courses. Retrieved February 15, 2012, from http://courses.wcupa.edu/jones/his101/TIMELINE/T-ROMAN.HTM Linear A - definition of Linear A by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia. (n.d.). Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary. Retrieved February 15, 2012, from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Linear+A Unit 1 Course Material. (n.d.). AIU Online. Retrieved February 8, 2012, from http://mycampus.aiu-online.com/Classroom/Pages/multimediacoursetext.aspx?classid=442277&tid=203&uid=270223&HeaderText=Course Materials: HUMA215-1201B-14 : Topics in Cultural Studies...

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Vernacular Language

...June, 17 2012 Kimberly Roff Latin means relating to the people or countries speaking romance languages. The government began to notice how difficult the Latin language was. So they began to reconstruct the Latin language with different dialects. This is known as Vulgar Latin, which is defined as a non- form of Latin which originated from the romance group. Slang as we know it today, began to form as people often times dropped syllables and said words different ways. Using the Vulgar Latin still confused people in different regions, still making it difficult to understand mainly because of the heavy accents the people had. Because of this the Latin language was done with all together and the vernacular language became popular. (The End of Europe's middle Ages) Up until the twelfth century Latin language was the main form of communication. The language was made official in western France by the government, education, and businesses. Latin is also called the living language of the times. Because it was spread to different areas of the population, the dialect was often changed in one area which made it hard for someone to recognize if they was from another area. Latin became more and more difficult to understand in regions which made it to be used less and less in the end making it a dead language. Vernacular language was made popular because many people stopped speaking Latin. The French was among the first to use vernacular language in their work, and by the......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Vernacular Language

...HUMA215 – Vernacular Language Jennifer James American Intercontinental University Abstract You will see the spread and research of the vernacular language. You will see the cultural impact that vernacular language had during this period. Vernacular Language The ways of the medieval was impacted by Latin. The rise of the Roman Empire became well known for the Latin until 1200 A.D. when the Empire fell. For several years it was ruling the western world. The spread of the Latin language was due to where the Roman Empire ruled. The empire began to fall around 1200 A.D. and the Latin language began to disappear. The changes and the ethical renewal began with the people farthest way. The vernacular languages of others were used instead of the Latin language. Returning to old English Alfred the Great was an influence. He had written many old English books while in power. A few books that were written in old English but consisted of Latin characteristics were Beowulf and Angelo Saxton Chronicles. During this time there were several vernaculars in English. You vernacular language was determined by what social class you were in; the English language was spoken language in the lower class. The entertainers that traveled used the vernacular language. In some situations in judicial the vernacular language in the France form was used. Romance was a huge percent of the vernacular in France. These came from musicians who told stories when they were passing through and......

Words: 781 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Importance of Vernacular Languages

...Abstract Language is a tool used to interact with others and express ideas, emotions, knowledge, memories and values. Language is also a vital tool for cultural expression it helps define each culture and identify them selves. Before vernacular language, people used Latin to communicate now each country uses a different language. In many places of the world knowing multiple languages is a virtue. “Language is the light of the mind.” (John Stuart Mill) The Impact of Vernacular Languages Latin was the common language used by different people and cultures to communicate. It was the written language of the courts, commerce and the Christian church. Latin had more than one form which changed over time due to the different people using the language, the educational level of the person speaking or writing it and the social status/class it was used around. The development of Latin literacy was greatly promoted in the late 8th century during the Carolingian Renaissance, which was the period of intellectual art, religion, and cultural revival in Europe. Although literacy had been previously introduced to people of the upper class and clergy during the period of the 8th and 9th century was when it became more widely spread. During the 780’s-790’s Charlemagne also known as Charles the Great or in Latin Carolus Magnus, invited Alcuin of York to become a leading scholar, teacher and his own personal tutor at the Carolingian court school. Alcuin was also asked by Charlemagne to be......

Words: 837 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Ip 2 Topics in Cultural Study

...Project Latin was a large impact on the medieval ways. For very many years it was dominating the western world. The Latin language spread wherever the Roman Empire ruled. Around 1200 A.D. the empire began to fall and the Latin language began to fade. The people farthest away began to undergo the changes first and the ethical renewal began. Many individuals choose to use their vernacular language rather than Latin. In England they returned to old English with great influence from Alfred the Great. While in power he had written many books in old English; including many religious pieces. Beowulf and the Anglo Saxton Chronicles are also examples of literature written in old English. These pieces incorporated Latin characters. The English had many vernaculars during this time period. Your vernacular language depended on you social class. Lower classes tended to speak English. Traveling entertainers and many judicial situations utilized the vernacular in spoken form in France. A large percentage of the vernacular in France was romance; which stemmed from individuals jotting down stories as they were told by musicians that were passing through. Some of the oldest pieces date back to Charlemagne during the twelfth century. Germany used vernacular as early as the eighth century. Many attempts made to convert failed and was not accepted. During the 12th century many of the French stories had been translated in to the German language and the language caught......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Effects of Vernacular Language

...Effects of the Vernacular Language Candace Rayford Aiu Online- Huma215-1204-20 September 2012 Abstract The Vernacular Language- simply defined as the language spoken in the streets (Sayre, 2010). This is the language that will be heard spoken amongst the common people, and used to define and identify the groups of people. The Vernacular Language impacted and changed the cultures during the early centuries. There are several factors that contribute and are responsible for the rise and spread of the vernacular language. A few of the main contributors that will be discussed in the following reading are the demand of spreading religion, demand of education, and the need of a commonly spoken language for the literature to be produced in to be available to all. The first ones to begin the practice of the vernacular language within their works of literacy were the French. France begin this in the twelfth century, a year later at the beginning of the 14th century, vernacular language had spread to parts of Europe, eventually taking over Europe. Gradually as this language made its way through the regions, writers began to expand their works to a bigger audience by writing in the vernacular. One of the greatest writers to use the vernacular language in their work was the poet Dante Alighieri (1265-1321). Normally reading and writing were skills that only a small number of people possessed. The literacy in Latin was generally limited to the people of the upper class and......

Words: 926 - Pages: 4