Premium Essay

The Other: Orientalism, Colonialism, and Children's Literature

In: English and Literature

Submitted By LancerMoe
Words 266
Pages 2
Discuss "The Other: Orientalism, Colonialism, and Children's Literature" article
Answer the following questions*:
1. What is orientalism?
2. How does the author connect orientalism to children?
3. What does this tell us about the children's literature discourse community that this class is a part of?
1. “Orientalism an area of study that can be pursued only by outsiders, but what defines them as outside of their subject is, exactly, their ability to study it: "the Orientalist is outside the Orient, both as an existential and as a moral fact" Orientalism is taken the Eastern cultures and meshing them with the literature of the western culture. It is the accumulation of the two cultures creating a melting pot of the two. It is incorporating he Orient culture with Western literature.
2. Orientals are a very stable culture; they are very constant in their beliefs. To them home is the quietest safest place on earth. Their customs are very standard and they remain constant. This is a lot like children. Childhood is equally as stable. They remain generally constant in how they grow up. They have the same general constraints on how they age and the same typical problems that they go through.
3. Most of the stories contain generic problems that children have to go through on a general basis. They are the typical constraints on childhood. The Orientalism shows how you can combine the two cultures into our literature. Our discourse community is viewing the children’s literature by pulling apart the different aspects of the text, such as finding the Oriental themes in children’s…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Fantasy and Poetry in Children’s Literature

...Fantasy and Poetry in Children’s literature The two selections of literature are Cinderella for the fantasy story and a poem by Eloise Greenfield called “Tradition”. Both selections are from different cultural traditions, but portray positive messages to children and adults in today’s society. Every little girl dreams of finding her prince charming. There are more than 1500 different versions of “Cinderella” from cultures all over the world. The story of Cinderella has been in existence since 1865 and published by George Routledge. This fairy tale is one of the oldest and most familiar to young children that inspire them to believe anything is possible. The literary elements in Cinderella include the setting, characters, plot, conflict, climax, and ending. The setting was in a faraway kingdom a long time ago. The characters included a young girl name Cinderella, her stepmother, two stepsisters, the prince, and fairy godmother. The Plot of this fairy tale is a young girl who is being treated unfairly, but dreams of finding her true love. She is being mistreated by her stepmom and sisters and works as a maid in the home. Cinderella begs to go to a ball and is told she could go after all chores are completed. Once she completes the chores and finds a dress, she is maliciously attacked by her stepsisters and destroys her dress. Cinderella was shattered and thought she would never recover from this. The conflict in this story is the continual dislike from the stepmother and...

Words: 569 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Gender in Children's Literature

...our society, shaping our personal beliefs as well as defining the overall culture. The “glass ceiling” is an unseen and theoretical barrier keeping women from reaching higher levels of economic, social and political status. Gender bias in children’s literature perpetuates this glass ceiling. Children’s books are dominated by male central characters from the Cat in the Hat to Babar, and from Peter Pan to Peter Rabbit. New research has found this causes a gender disparity sending children a message that “women and girls occupy a less important role in society than men or boys.” (“Gender in 20th Century” p. 2) In almost 6,000 children’s books published between 1900 and 2000, the study, led by Florida State University sociology professor Janice McCabe, found males are central characters in 57% of children’s books published each year, with only 31% having female central characters. Male animals are central characters in 23% of books per year, while female animals are central in only 7.5%. The Caldecott Award, given to the top children’s book each year, has had only one standalone female character since the award was established in 1938. The study also found books with male animals were more than two-and-a-half times more common. Since children’s books are a “dominate blueprint of shared cultural values, meanings and expectations” (Gender in 20th Century, p. 2) they contribute to how children understand what is expected of women and men. It also shapes each child’s world view.......

Words: 966 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Children's Literature

...Children's Literature EDP Task 1 CHILDREN’S LITERATURE Competency 152.1.3: Historical Perspectives and Trends - The graduate analyzes various historical and contemporary trends and issues in the field of children’s literature. ________________________________________ Introduction: Understanding children’s literature in contemporary society requires an understanding of the historical development of children’s literature. Requirements: A. Write a history of children’s literature (suggested length of 3–5 pages), in which you do each of the following: 1. Explain the transition from oral tradition to written children’s literature. 2. Identify three significant themes and/or topics of children’s literature in Colonial America. 3. Identify three significant themes and/or topics of children’s literature in the United States during the 1960s. 4. Identify three themes and/or topics of children’s literature in our contemporary society. 5. Explain how the purposes and uses of children’s literature have changed over time in the United States. B. When you use sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format. Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the Rubric Terms web link included in the Evaluation Procedures section. Note: When using sources to support ideas and elements in an assessment, the submission MUST include APA formatted in-text citations with a corresponding reference list for any direct quotes or...

Words: 2214 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...Postcolonialism By Patricia Waugh Summarized by Syed Saad Mukhtar M.Phil English Literature 1st Semester The Islamia University of Bahawalpur An academic discipline and theory featuring the methods of intellectual discourse that analyze, explain and respond to legacies of colonialism and imperialism, to the human consequences of controlling a country and establishing settlers for economic exploitation of native people and their land. The term postcolonialism addresses itself to historical, political, cultural and textual branches of colonial encounter between West and Non-West dating from 16th century to present day. Postcolonialism is thus a name for a critical theoretical approach in literary and cultural studies but it also designates a politics of transformational resistance to unjust and unequal forms of political and cultural authority which extends back across 20th century and beyond. The two very different traditions of Postcolonial thinking — the theoretical Post-Structuralist and Practical Political are thus linked in so far as some of the key concepts in postcolonialism. Postcolonialism therefore refers to those theories, texts, political strategies that engage in such questioning that aim to challenge structural inequalities and bring about social justice. It is often helpful to view Postcolonialism in comparative framework alongside political practices, with which it shares key objectives and expressions: Feminism. It is possible broadly speaking to trace......

Words: 1124 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Children’s Literature and Cognitive Development

...Children’s Literature and Cognitive Development Children’s literature is an important part of a child’s development. “We are born with the ability to organize, classify, and impose order on our environment, resulting in the construction of our own unique theory of the world. Very little of the content and order of our theory is the result of direct instruction; rather , it is the interaction of biological, cultural and life experiences that greatly affects the substance of our theory and the way we organize our experience” (Johnson, 2003, para. 2). It is critical that children are provided with a range of experiences in order to develop cognitively. Literature provides children with experiences that help to strengthen their cognitive skills. Piaget’s Theory of cognitive development identifies four stages of development: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. At each stage of development, children’s literature can provide support to that can encourage cognitive development in children. At the sensorimotor stage of development, children begin to understand how things work using their five senses and motor activity (SNHU, 2014). Children’s books that offer tactile illustrations and interactive activities are essential to developing the cognitive skills of children. Because children in this stage of development have an increased interest in play, books that require participation and touch tend to be appealing to them and help to...

Words: 734 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Children's Literature in the book used to make me very interested and I remember I couldn’t wait for my other to finish reading one page and turn to the other so I could delve through the remarkable colors. Everything in that story seemed real to me when I was a child. I too wanted my parents to get me a bike in my birthday just like Laila. I really thought that Laila existed somewhere. Once the story reaches the end, my mother used to talk to us for quite some time about the ending of the story and how Laila learns from her own mistake. She used to tell us that it’s okay for one to make mistakes as long as he/she learns from them and never to repeat it again, because it’s the only way you can learn sometimes. It also made me learn that sometimes if you can’t get what you want, you have to go get it yourself. What was even more pleasurable and memorable to me in this story was how things and events were described realistically. Everything seemed real; it didn’t have any supernatural elements or any unreal events. To be able to relate to a story as if you were actually living the events yourself, because when things are realistic it makes you feel close to the events happening for they look real and happen exactly like the way they might happening in the real world we are living in which in turn made things not only believable but also charming and interesting at the same time. Now what makes children’s books pleasurable for children in my opinion is when books are interested enough for......

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Children's Literature Paper

...Children’s Literature Philosophy Children’s Literature provides students and educators with a tremendous amount of valuable information. Involving children in a variety of ways with children’s literature is a very important contribution of the development of children’s cognitive and social growth. Children’s Literature educates individuals on how children’s stories can be combined with all domains of the curriculum. This class makes individuals aware of the many types of genre in children’s literature and the variety of ways it can be presented. Through the Children’s Literature class, students and educators will realize how a literacy-based classroom should look and sound like. After this class, educators will be more apt to teach with a literacy-based, child-centered program where children will be read to aloud everyday and sing all throughout the day. Children’s Literature shows how open discussion of a book is more valuable then just reading it and putting it aside. After open discussion, having the student’s color, sing and/or do hands-on activities pertaining to the concept(s) taught from the book is priceless and will provide visuals to teach concept(s). This class has provided the opportunity to create several interesting and eye-catching used visuals to enhance children’s motivation for reading particular books and to introduce/reteach concept(s) found within a particular book. Newbery Award and Cadecott Medal Books were made knowledgeable through the......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Colonialism in Things Fall Apart

...Aparna T.V II-MA English Dr. Swaralipi Nandi 18-09-2014 Theme of Colonialism in ‘Things Fall Apart’ Introduction : Poet and novelist Chinua Achebe was one of the most important Africanwriters. He was also considered by many to be one of the most original literary artists writing in English during his lifetime. He is best known for his novel Things Fall Apart (1958). Born Albert Chinualumogo Achebe, Chinua Achebe was raised by Christian evangelical parents in the large village Ogidi, in Igboland, Eastern Nigeria. He received an early education in English, but grew up surrounded by a complex fusion of Igbo traditions and colonial legacy. He studied literature and medicine at the University of Ibadan; after graduating, he went to work for the Nigerian Broadcasting Company in Lagos and later studied at the British Broadcasting Corporation staff school in London. During this time, Achebe was developing work as a writer. Starting in the 1950s, he was central to a new Nigerian literary movement that drew on the oral traditions of Nigeria's indigenous tribes. Although Achebe wrote in English, he attempted to incorporate Igbo vocabulary and narratives. Things Fall Apart (1958) was his first novel, and remains his best-known work. It has been translated into at least forty-five languages, and has sold eight million copies worldwide. Chinua Achebe’s “African Trilogy” : Things Fall Apart, No Longer at Ease, Arrow of God   captures a......

Words: 6408 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

Children's Literature in a Pluralistic Society

...Running Head: CHILDREN'S LITERATURE IN A PLURALISTIC SOCIETY Children's Literature in a Pluralistic Society Children's Literature in a Pluralistic Society One benefit to reading and listening to books is they can stretch the attention spans of children. Children’s literature has not always been so extensive and colorful as it is today. At the beginning children’s books read like instruction manuals rather than escapism or a fun educational tool. Even though Children's literature can misconstrue a Childs point of view, Children’s literature is needed to ensure a future because each milestone of children’s literature develops social functions within a pluralistic society. There are five specific key milestones/events/developments of children’s literature that includes social functions within the trends. Puritanism The books from this period were basically “Goodly Godly" books. They were focused on religion and how to obtain passage into heaven. These books did not have rhymes or pictures, but reinforced the way to the Lord and how to remain moral. Even though the books were the same type of books that are known today, they were written specifically for children and teaching. These are the some of the first type of children’s books. The books could be extreme in theme, for example James Janeway's A Token for Children: Being an Exact Account of the Conversion, Holy and Exemplary Lives and Joyful Deaths of Several Young Children (1672) The book consisted of multiple......

Words: 958 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...Orientalism James Berardino Canon Formation 2B: Orientalism Final Copy Orientalism can be best defined as an ill-conceived notion that befalls the ignorant and misconstrues their perception of most, if not all, people belonging to a race or ethnic group that is different than their own. It does so in a manner that perpetuates the perception of individuals from different races, cultures or ethnicities as grotesque, frightening or somehow inferior in the eyes of individuals who have already completely assimilated themselves culturally into the pre-existing social strata of the region in which they inhabit. In other words, orientalism is a social “virus” that is often perpetuated, or “spread”, by fear of the unknown; a virus which insidiously promotes discrimination and segregation based off differences in both culture and appearance, flourishes amongst the ignorant and is prevalent throughout both America’s distant and recent history, as well as in the archives of world history. A parent to ignorance and the culprit to the divisive vices of racial prejudice of all creeds, a lack of sufficient education, along with blatant disregard for one’s global community, is the underlying reason why Orientalism is a recurring theme in history that has yet to be abolished entirely. However, there exist scholars and filmmakers, such as Le Espiritu, Sucheng Chan, Wakako Yamauchi, etcetera, who give hope to the fight against such ignorance by using their work to inform and...

Words: 3505 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Compare Children’s Images in Western and Chinese Children’s Fantasy Literature

...CLB 9003 Cross-cultural Studies of Children's Fantasy Literature (1st Term, 2013-14) Term Paper “Compare children’s images in Western and Chinese children’s fantasy literature” Name : So Lok Ching Student ID :4028177 Instructor : Dr Tong Man The development of Western and Chinese children’s fantasy literature varies a lot. Western children’s fantasy literature has a much earlier development process. In Ancient Greece and Rome, there was no distinction between children and adult’s literature, children and adults shared the same literature. Until the 18th century, a remarkable French philosopher, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, believed that every child has a unique value and children should not be seen as immature adults. He also emphasized the importance of moral development in his writing ‘Emile’, in which he believed it could be performed by living a simple life. Rousseau’s ideas had a major influence on the development of children’s literature. People raised awareness about children and children’s fantasy literature was flourishing in the 19th century. In this Golden Age, different varieties of children’s fantasy literature were written to entertain children, such as modern fantasy stories and adventure stories. The naughty image of children could be shown in many adventure stories as well, such as ‘The Adventures of Tom Sawyer’ (1876) by Mark Twain and ‘The Adventures of Pinocchio’ (1883) by Carlo Collodi. Up to the 20th century and recent decades, Naughty......

Words: 1773 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Anthropomorphism in Children's Literature

...Oh dear! I shall be too late” * Lewis Carroll- Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland A comparison of the different forms of Anthropomorphism in Children’s Literature- Looking at Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Black Beauty and War Horse. Throughout history, animals have been used in storytelling and literature. From primitive story tellers who would utilise animal adversaries to symbolise man’s continuous struggle against nature, to animals fulfilling a didactic purpose in fables such as Aesop’s, animals have been an intrinsic part of tales throughout the ages. According to Juliet Kellogg Markowsky, ‘the humanism of the renaissance eclipsed interest in […] animal stories’ yet this was revived with the writing of Black Beauty’ this revival could be said to be connected with the publishing of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species. This is reiterated by Joanna Mierek who says: ‘Charles
cross species 
‘numberless gradations’ separating all
animals.’When people were told that humans and animals had the same basic ancestors, an interest in nature was piqued and is something that has since been continuously present in literature. This essay will therefore endeavour to look at how and why authors use anthropomorphism, particularly in children’s literature. May Arbuthnot categorizes animal stories in three ways: stories that tell of animals that dress and act like people, as in Alice’s......

Words: 2958 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

18 Th Century Children's Literature

...18th or 19the Century Children’s Reflection Consider in particular the topic of didacticism, answering the following questions: would you consider this a didactic text (in other words, do you think it is primarily designed to teach moral virtues rather than to provide entertainment, or vice versa)? How do you think a child would receive this text in the twenty-first century? Does this suggest any differences between how children and children’s literature were perceived in the eighteenth or nineteenth centuries as opposed to today? Your reflection should be in MLA or APA format, 12 pt. Times New Roman font, and double-spaced. Little House in the Big Woods is the first book in Laura Ingalls Wilders ?Little House? series. The year is 1871 and five year old Laura Ingalls and her family, Pa, Ma, Mary, and Baby Carrie, live in a log cabin in the Big Woods of Wisconsin. There is only one road that passes near by their cabin and they rarely see very many wagons going down the road. It is a full day's walk from their cabin to the nearest town, Pepin. They have an attic up stairs where they store food for winter time and other things, and down stairs there is one big room and one small room. There are many aspects of farm life that Laura learns, such as making cheese, hog butchering, butter churning, and fur trading. They also learn how to make maple syrup, watch Pa make bullets for hunting, and learn about surviving in the pioneer times She even goes to town for the......

Words: 426 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Children's Literature

...A history of Western children’s literature begins with oral tradition in which spoken stories, commonly described as “folklore,” “folk literature,” or “mythology,” are spoken aloud. This oral tradition predates written history and prior to the 1700’s there was little evidence of a childhood culture. The stories of oral tradition shared during those times were told to both children and adults (Kiefer, 2010, p.65). These oral stories such as Beowulf, King Arthur, and other ballads were often told by minstrels, adjusted to suit the audience (Kiefer, 2010, p.66). Some early books, such as Elucidarium, were written to provide children with general knowledge. Many children adopted fanciful tales and books for entertainment, such as Gulliver’s Travels and The Arabian Nights, but as these stories were written for adults, they contained adult content beyond the understanding of children readers (Kiefer, 2010, p.67). In 1744, John Newberry, an English publisher, printed Little Pretty Pocket-Book, which is recognized as the first book categorized as children’s literature. This book remains a stark contrast to the early folklore and tragic myths that have been told over the ages because it has easily read games and rhymes to help with the memorization of the alphabet (Kiefer, 2010, p.69). The successful publishing of the first children’s literature brought about a new era of children’s books during the time of Colonial America. These early writings were inspired by John Locke,...

Words: 756 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Chapter 6 Children's Literature Outine

...A Perspective on Traditional Literature • Traditional literature can provide a window on cultural beliefs and on the spiritual and psychological qualities that are part of our human nature. The Origin of Folk Literature • Children sometimes identify these stories as “make-believe,” as contrasted with “true” or “stories that could really happen.” • The origin of the myths has fascinated and puzzled folklorists, anthropologists, and psychologists. • Folktales are also of special interest to scholars of narrative theory because of the way the tales are honed by many generations of telling; only the most important elements of the story survive. The Value of Folk Literature for Children • When Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm published the first volume of their Household Stories in 1812, they did not intend it for children. • Originally folklore was the literature of the people; stories were told to young and old alike. • Traditional literature is a rightful part of a child’s literature heritage and lays the groundwork for understanding all literature. Folktales • Folktales have been defined as “all forms of narrative, written or oral, which have come to be handed down through the years.” • Questions often arise about which of the available print versions of a tale is the “correct” or authentic text. Types of Folktales • There will be features of these stories that are unique to each......

Words: 1828 - Pages: 8