Premium Essay

The Feasibility of Calamansi Extract as an Alternative Air Freshener

In: Science

Submitted By anneguzman
Words 956
Pages 4
The Feasibility of Calamansi Extract as an alternative air freshener

ABSTRACT

Air freshener nowadays are very much needed and demanded by most of our dear consumers especially now that we are facing an intense economic crisis, and with that mere situation, the primary necessities which are very much needed by man in order for him to survive his daily living are now of higher prices compared to the last couple of years. The purpose of this study is to be able to produce a low-cost, attainable and alternative air freshener.The researcher really wants to know if calamansi extract can be a good air freshener.The researcher gathered all the materials needed in conducting the said experiment like calamnsi extract (500 ml), water (350 ml), frying pan, gastove, container, baking soda, and oil (5 ml) and conducted the said experiment step by step. Then the researcher came up with the results that the said calamansi air freshener is not really comparable to the one sold in the market. Therefore, using calamansi extract is not really effective. The researcher recommended further study and other sources of fruit extract.

CHAPTER I

Background of the Study

Air freshener are commonly used in taxi at present. Not only in taxi but also in offices and comfort rooms. It gives people the convinience to use such facilities for it gives a fragrant smell. Besids of the advantage, the commercial air freshener gives also some disadvantages because it is being manufactured in other countries and in big companies therefore it is expensive.

Calamansi grows in a tropical country like Philippines. Thus it can grow in abundance here. Its extract is a good source of vitamin C. As we get its extract, aside from making it to juice it can also be a substitute for commercially manufactured air freshener.

In this study, we try to investigate if calamansi extract is feasible in…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

An Alternative Anticoagulant for Hematologic Analysis, Leaf Extract of Jatropha Gossypifolia (Tuba-Tuba).

...An Alternative anticoagulant for Hematologic Analysis, Leaf Extract of Jatropha gossypifolia (Tuba-Tuba). A Research Proposal Presented to the Faculty of the College of Medical Technology/Medical Laboratory Science In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology/Medical Laboratory Science By: Cagandahan, John Paul M. Carizon, Jay Niño P. Estillore, Michael-Andrew B. Resonable, Bryan H. Sasaki, Sen M. Veloso, Jerome A. July 26, 2013 Chapter 1 The Problem and its Background Introduction The majority of the products for medical purposes are made from chemicals that harm the environment. Many medical researchers are modifying medical products that are natural in origin and one of them is anticoagulants. In the laboratory the most widely used anticoagulant is the EDTA, ammonium-potassium oxalate (Heller and Paul double oxalate) and Heparin. Most anticoagulants can alter cell structure as well as coagulation and hereby affects the result of the laboratory analysis. There are certain plants that have anticoagulant properties and one of these plants is Jatropha gossypifolia or Tuba-Tuba, this plant is found widely in the Philippines and was shown in some previous studies its leaf extract has an anticoagulant property and has been used as an anticoagulant, because of this property this plant is a......

Words: 1710 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

5 Alternative Fuels Used Today to Mitigate Air Pollution

...5 Alternative Fuels used today to mitigate Air Pollution 1. EthanolEthanol is an alcohol-based alternative fuel that is made by fermenting and distilling crops such as corn, barley or wheat. Ethanol can be blended with gasoline to increase octane levels and improve emissions quality. 2. Natural GasNatural gas is an alternative fuel that burns clean and is already widely available to people in many countries through utilities that provide natural gas to homes and businesses. When used in natural gas vehicles—cars and trucks with specially designed engines—natural gas produces far fewer harmful emissions than gasoline or diesel. 3. ElectricityElectricity can be used as a transportation alternative fuel for battery-powered electric and fuel-cell vehicles. Battery powered electric vehicles store power in batteries that are recharged by plugging the vehicle into a standard electrical source. Fuel-cell vehicles run on electricity that is produced through an electrochemical reaction that occurs when hydrogen and oxygen are combined. Fuel cells produce electricity without combustion or pollution. 4. HydrogenHydrogen can be mixed with natural gas to create an alternative fuel for vehicles that use certain types of internal combustion engines. Hydrogen is also used in fuel-cell vehicles that run on electricity produced by the petrochemical reaction that occurs when hydrogen and oxygen are combined in the fuel “stack.” 5. PropanePropane—also called liquefied petroleum gas or......

Words: 278 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Lotus Rental Car Cfo on the Feasibility of Adding Alternative Fuel Vehicles to the Fleet.

...Introduction The Lotus Rental Car’s Chief Financial Officer is making an assessment on the feasibility of adding alternative fuel vehicles to the fleet. This analysis will cover the Energy Act of 1992 concerning the alternative fuel sources, explain the pros and cons of using alternative fuel technology such as Hybrids, Battery power, Diesel, Biodiesel, and Natural Gas, and also the factors that will impact the American people having to find resources easily, which can be difficult. Energy Act of 2005 As early as 2005 the United States knew that we could not rely on fossil fuels indefinitely and did not want to rely on foreign oil. The Energy Act of 2005 sec 301 defined what the Alternative Fuels are: Ethanol, Biodiesel, Propane, Natural Gas, Hydrogen, and Electricity are all naturally produced domestically in the US. Currently the US has learned that burning gasoline is bad for the environment, and when you burn gas you create bi products such as Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide. According to an EPA study the Green House gasses that affect out atmosphere are made up of 82% Carbon Dioxide, 3% Fluorinated Gas, 6% Nitrous Oxide, and 9% Methane.(Refer to graph 1). Overview of Green House Gases EPA.gov As you can see the bulk of the emissions are carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. The global goal is to reduce the amount of carbon emissions in the world, not just in the US. The goal is to create a smaller carbon......

Words: 1937 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Utilization of Narra Bark Extract as an Alternative Ink

...IV. RESEARCH PLAN a. Questions/Problems This study will aim to determine the potential of Narra (Pterocarpus indicus) and Madre de Cacao (Gliricidia sepium) bark extract as an alternative ink. Specifically, it will seek to answer the question: 1. Is there will be a significant difference between the experimental ink with different formulations and the commercial ink in terms of: 1.1 color; 1.2 clarity; 1.3 odor; and 1.4 water resistance? b. Null Hypotheses The researcher will hypothesize that: 1. There will be no significant difference between the experimental ink with different formulations and the commercial ink in terms of: 1.1 color; 1.2 clarity; 1.3 odor; and 1.4 water resistance. c. Procedure Making the Product The materials that will be needed are 400 grams of Narra and Madre de Cacao barks each, tray, recycled ballpen containers, 500ml and 100ml beaker, stiring rod, double beam balance, laboratory gloves, glycerin/glycerol, ferrous sulfate, gum Arabic, rubbing alcohol. First, four-hundred grams each of Narra and Madre de Cacao barks will be gathered to Poblacion Bansud, Oriental Mindoro. After gathering the barks, it will be washed using tap water in order to remove the unnecessary dirt on it that may affect the product. The washed barks will be placed on the tray and will be sundried for three days. When the barks are totally dried, it will be cutted into......

Words: 867 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Feasibility

...Feasibility Study and Business Plan – Al Hayat ECOFIN Research Services Feasibility Study and Business Plan to set up a Domestic Electrical Appliances Distribution Company in Saudi Arabia Al Hayat International Holding Co., Saudi Arabia Sole Distributor of Green World Electronics Co., USA September 22, 2008 1 Feasibility Study and Business Plan – Al Hayat Content 1. Executive Summary 2. Introduction - Al-Hayat International Holding Co. 2.1. About ECOFIN Research Services 2.2. About the Promoter 2.3. Project Background 2.4. The Franchise Concept 2.5. About Green World Electronics Co. ECOFIN Research Services Page 07 11 11 11 14 14 15 3. Success Stories of Electronics Retailing and Distribution Companies around the World17 3.1. Best Buy 3.2. GOME Electrical Appliances Holding Ltd. 3.3. Jumbo Electronics Co. 3.4. Media Market 3.5. NEXT Retail India Ltd. 17 18 20 22 24 4. Favorable Investment Environment 4.1. Investment Climate in Saudi Arabia 4.2. Overview of the Retail Industry in Saudi Arabia 4.3. Saudi Domestic Electrical Appliances Sector 4.4. Key Drivers for Saudi Domestic Electrical Appliance Industry 4.5. Saudi Domestic Electrical Appliance Industry – Major Trends and Forecast 4.6. Conclusion 27 27 33 40 43 55 56 5. Al-Hayat International Holding Co: Strategic Planning 5.1. Stakeholder analysis 5.2. Vision 5.3. Mission 5.4. Strategic Objectives 5.5. USP 58 58 58 58 58 58 6. The Business Plan 6.1. Product and Portfolio Analysis 6.2. Market Segmentation,......

Words: 64347 - Pages: 258

Premium Essay

Alternative Energy

...Alternative energy – Why is it a game changer? * Compare the difference between old days and now. * How alternative energy influence nowadays life? Introduction (background) http://renewable-solarenergy.com/non-renewable-energy-sources.html What was used before to generate energy? * Fossil fuels(The term ‘fossil fuel’ refers to fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas. ) * Where do it come from? How can it be used? It can be used to produce electricity, heating, cooking, transportation and manufacturing.  85% of the energy used in the industrial processes is form the non-renewable type of energy. * Transportation?... http://renewablegreen.net/?p=124 What limitations or disadvantages does non-renewable energy have? * However, after never-ending mining and ‘drill baby drill,’ we realized that there is was limitation to how much we can use them. Because one day, the mines will be empty and drilling pipes would dry out. Over the years, their demand has been far outstripping their availability. * Pollution created (air, water) => Global warming and greenhouse effect * Increasing oil price (because of limited resources) And with demand overpowering supply, prices will continue to rise dramatically. Combustion of fossil fuels emits harmful gases like sulfur dioxide (causing acid rain) and carbon monoxide (contributing to greenhouse effect). Due to the adverse affects, the globe is heating up and the polar ice caps are melting faster. A......

Words: 1056 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Discovering the Effectiveness of Papaya Leaves Extract as an Alternative Tea Responsible for Increasing the Blood Platelets

...dengue fever.   With the rising number of people catching dengue fever, the demand for papaya leaf juice has soared. The extract of raw papaya leaf helps boost platelets, also known as thrombocytes. Thus, they can formulate an alternative tea out of a simple leaf. Purpose of the Study The purpose of this study is to inform people that even they suffer from dengue fever, they don’t have to spend for their treatment and this study also inform people about the health benefits that they can get from simple leaves such as C. papaya leaves. Scope and Limitations This study will determine the effectiveness of C. papaya leaves extract as an alternative tea. The gathering of the materials was selected from the researchers’ backyards in Rosales, Pangasinan. The C. papaya leaves will be mixed in a boiling water. The experimental variables in this study will be the C. papaya leaves extract at different amounts while the control variables will be the salt that will be added while undergoing the decoction process. The amount of water that will be used in the preparation of the tea will be not held constant. The tea won’t be possible if the temperature of the water is not enough to boil the C. papaya leaves and if the researchers don’t have enough equipment such as stove, casserole and water. Additional studies such as the effectiveness of C. papaya leaves extract for dietary means, anti-cancer, removal of intestinal worms and its effectiveness in movement of bowels will not be......

Words: 4700 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Feasibility Study

...ESTABLISHMENT OF NAM MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISE: MANUFACTURER OF ILANG-ILANG SOAP IN BATANGAS CITY A Feasibility Study Presented to the Faculty of College of Accountancy, Business Economics and International Hospitality Management Batangas State University, Batangas City In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Science in Accounting Management by: Nilza Janine R. Peramo May Elenor G. Prudente Aily Rose V. Samonte March 2015 APPROVAL SHEET In partial fulfillment for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Accounting Management, this project feasibility study entitled “Establishment NAM Manufacturing Enterprise: Manufacturer of Ilang-Ilang Soap in Batangas City”, prepared and submitted by Nilza Janine R. Peramo, May Elenor G. Prudente and Aily Rose V. Samonte has been examined and recommended for acceptance and approval for Oral Examination. TEODORICA G. ANI, MBA Adviser Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination with a grade of ______. PANEL OF EXAMINERS CARMELA S. MACATANGAY, MBA Chairman CAMILO C. ALULOD DANIEL JOHN F. FALO, CPA Member Member Accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Accounting Management. Date ELISA S. DIAZ, DBA Dean, CABEIHM ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The proponents would......

Words: 28893 - Pages: 116

Free Essay

Coconut Oil and Calamansi for Hair

...Oil and Calamansi Peelings As Agent for Hair Oil Chapter I. Introduction A. Background Of the Study The hair is our crowning glory that holds true for most people since it is one of the things that leave a lasting impression when we first meet someone. The way that we carry our hair, our haircut, our hairstyle and even hair texture are all visible traits that can greatly affect the way that other people look at you. This is the reason why we need to take extra care of our hair. Our hair and scalp, just like our skin needs special care and attention. One way of caring our hair is by using hair oil. This research is about the possibility of oil extracted from calamansi peeling as preservative for hair oil. Hair oil is commonly used by people who have dry hair especially girls. Hair oil moisturizes the scalp, it provides hair into the sebaceous glands and promotes hair growth. The calamansi peelings we need in this study is abundant in the Philippines. We can directly find them in our kitchen, etc. Calamansi peelings contain a preservative called Pectin that is generally used in preserving jams and jellies. In this study, we commonly use the extract of calamansi peelings which has pectin to preserve the fragrance of the coconut oil and which at the same time gives an additional fragrance to the oil. This study employs the importance of this experiment to our economy in the country. B. Statement of the Problem This study will determine the feasibility of the......

Words: 943 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Watermelon Rinds as an Alternative for Air Fresheners

...Introduction Air fresheners have hidden hazards in them we decided to make an alternative for this. According to The Health Wyze Report Air fresheners have become extremely common, but the concept behind them is flawed. For instance, air fresheners are used to mask odors, but those smells exist for a reason. The ideal response to odors is eliminating their source, or like in the case of a gym, to increase the intake of outside air. Air fresheners may be quicker in the short term, but in the long term, the diseases and illnesses that you will inevitably encounter make other options worthwhile. People are much more likely to become sick whilst using these; both from the immune-suppressing chemicals released, and from the molds and bacteria that are left growing unchecked. The aim of this project is to prevent harmful toxins with the use of watermelon peels and to create a healthy alternative in terms of recycling and preventing different chemicals from air fresheners. This research present the efficiency of watermelon peels to become a healthy component because it has no chemicals and it has a great scent. It is very beneficial to people because it won’t be very harmful to the health of each one. Almost all air fresheners contain dichlorobenzene, a chemical comprised of chlorine and benzene. It is a known carcinogen, and an EPA-registered pesticide. Animals exposed to it developed liver and kidney tumors. It is found in the bloodstream of......

Words: 371 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Feasibility of Banana Peel as Alternative Floor Wax

...The Feasibility of Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Peel as an Alternative Source of Floorwax Making I:ABSTRACT The researcher conduct this study due to economics crisis nowadays. It's aim to create a product of floorwax which is cheaper and could give the same quality which the commercial one could give through banana. This step was made by the researcher to make a floorwax out of banana peel:first, he mix 800g paraffin wax w/100g,polyethylene wax,then, it was meltd in a low fire. While still hot, add wax crystals and technical dye and stir the mixture. Then, add 3.2 liters of kerosene. After mixing, add the banana peel, Stir it and leave it after 3min. then pour in a desired mold or container &allow to harden. This researcher concluded that this project was cheaper than the commercial one. It could also be an alternative one. II:ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The researcher would like to give his warm heart-felt gratitude to the persons wich give their knowledge regarding this project and helped to conduct this for the success of the researher. The parents, which gave thier full support to the researcher through expenses, time and efforts. The classmates and friends of the researcher ,which are always there for him and also contribute ideas and thoughts. To the reasercher subject teacher, Ms. Balve Granido, for sharing her ideas and knowledge for this project and understanding the researcher for the failures in conduting this study. Last but not the least, to our dear God, fer guiding and......

Words: 990 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Feasibility of Aloe Vera Extract as an Alternative Cure for Bromodosis

...Bromodosis. Shoes and socks made from synthetic materials increase the amount of sweat an individual produce and do not allow it to evaporate or be absorbed, so the feet stays wet. Another factor is hygiene, infrequent washing of the feet and not changing socks at least once a day can allo bacteria to thrive, contributing to foot odor. Stress can also be a factor. The researcher conducts this study in order to produce an alternative cure for Bromodosis which is convient and cheaper than other commercial foot products. The researcher also wants to know if, with the use of aloe vera, is it possible to treat smelly feet. And the researcher wants to discover other medicinal property that Aloe vera have. Statement of the Problem a. Is Aloe vera an effective cure in treating Bromodosis (smelly feet)? b. Is Aloe vera has no significant difference when compared to commercial foot products in treating Bromodosis (smelly feet)? Hypothesis a. Aloe vera can be a treatment for Bromodosis (smelly feet). b. There is no significant difference between Aloe vera extract and commercial foot products in curing Bromodosis (smelly feet). Significance of the Study This study wants to develop inexpensive and effective treatment for Bromodosis (smelly feet) that will benefit, if this proposal will be successful, those who work at offices and also those who go to schools. For example, students, this people usually wear shoes. Almost all students can’t avoid having smelly feet/Bromodosis......

Words: 2527 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Coconut Oil and Calamansi Peeling

...visible traits that can greatly affect the way that other people look at you. This is the reason why we need to take extra care of our hair. Our hair and scalp, just like our skin needs special care and attention. One way of caring our hair is by using hair oil. This research is about the possibility of oil extracted from calamansi peeling as preservative for hair oil. Hair oil is commonly used by people who have dry hair especially girls. Hair oil moisturizes the scalp, it provides hair into the sebacious glands and promotes hair growth. The calamansi peelings we need in this study is abundant in thePhilippines. We can directly find them in our kitchen, etc. Calamansi peeilings contain a preservativecalled Pectin that is generally used in preserving jams and jellies. In this study, we commonly use the extract of calamansi peelings which has pectin to preserve the fragrance of the coconut oil and which at the same time gives an additional fragrance to the oil.This study employs the importance of this experiment to our economy in the country. B. Statement of the Problem This study will determine the feasibility of the Oil Extracted from Calamansi Peelings as preservative for Hair oil. In so doing, the characteristics will be compared to commercial hair oil. Most specifically, the researcher aims to: 1. Compare the product to commercial preparations in terms of fragrance C. Hypothesis There is no significant difference between the product and......

Words: 414 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Calamansi (Citrofortunella Microcarapa), Onion (Allium Cepa), Chili (Capsicum Fretescens Linn) Substitute as Cockroach Killer

...CALAMANSI (CITROFORTUNELLA MICROCARAPA), ONION (ALLIUM CEPA), CHILI (CAPSICUM FRETESCENS LINN) SUBSTITUTE AS COCKROACH KILLER A Science Investigatory Project ABSTRACT Title: CALAMANSI (CITROFURTUNELLA MICROCARPA) ONION (ALLIUM CEPA) CHILI (CAPSICUM FRETESCENS LINN) SUBSTITUTE AS COCKROACH KILLER This research was conducted to the feasibility of the Calamansi (Citrofortunella Microcarpa),Onion (Allium Cepa),Chili(Capsicum Fretescens Linn) of cockroach killer. There were only two trial done in the study to ensure the reliability of the results. It was conducted at Fabros’ residence. The experiment has 2 treatment. The 1st treatment shows the result when cockroaches were treated with the extract of Calamansi, Onion, and Chili with the given length of time. The 2nd treatment shows the result when cockroaches were treated with the commercial insecticide with the given length of time. Therefore the researchers accepts the hypothesis that Calamansi (Citrofortunella Microcarpa),Onion (Allium Cepa),Chili(Capsicum Fretescens Linn) are cockroach killer CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Cockroaches belong to the Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Anthropoda, Class Insecta and Order Blattaria. Cockroaches are one of the numerous species on the world. Some species are beneficial to the environment as important recyclers of decaying organic material. Cockroaches are attached to warm, moist environment. The pest cockroaches can be carries of various diseases......

Words: 854 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Lotus Rental Car Alternative Fuel Feasibility

...Types An alternative fuel vehicle is a vehicle that runs on something other than traditional fuel, or a vehicle that does not completely rely on one type of fuel but instead a combination of fuel and battery power. The type of alternative fuel vehicle best suited for a rental car company such as Lotus, would depend on what types of alternative fuel or technology they have available. There are several different types of vehicles available, each one with a different or combination technology for alternative fuel use. Some vehicles are not available in all states, so this would also be a consideration for Lotus. The most popular and readily available alternative fuel vehicle is the Hybrid cars. Although not technically considered an alternative fuel car, these vehicles operate using advanced technology that combines the electric battery, motor and generator, creating more efficient use of traditional fuel. In addition to the gas tank they have an electric battery that stores energy during the speeding and slowing parts of a typical journey. This type of vehicle will offer a substantial savings in fuel costs because of the engine’s efficiency. Many car companies offer Hybrid cars at a reasonable cost to consumers. Honda, Toyota, Lexus and Ford all lead the way with a variety of these vehicles. There are a limited number of automakers producing Ethanol fuel vehicles. Ford, Dodge and Chevy each have a model currently available that runs on this alternative fuel. ......

Words: 1167 - Pages: 5