Premium Essay

Specialisation in Davao City

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Carlalala
Words 3037
Pages 13
Margarita Carla Ramos

TEOCAR Position Paper 1

Specialization Vs. Diversification of a City’s Industry: A Case Study on Davao City’s Agriculture and Business Process Outsourcing economy

Introduction With a thrust to enhance its position as an economic magnate in the Southern Philippines, there has been debate on the issue wether Davao City government and private sector broaden its economy and identify itself towards a different sector or maintain being an agricultural-based economy alone. Initiatives were taken for Davao City to take advantage of the business process outsourcing (BPO) or call center business opportunities as these give the city an edge in a global scale . This paper will argue that a diverse industry for a city’s economy is more stable than a specialized one. In this case, Davao City should be open to new industries that are brought about by technology and global modernization and this is on the contemporary industry of BPOs and technology service. It may seem that investing on this may be a volatile risk for an agriculture-known city, but keeping the City’s diverse industry strong and open to new development in its own respective ways will make the economy more progressing and increase potential for growth (Jacobs, 1969). The proponent shall base its position that a diverse industry is favorable than specializing, by looking at cases with similar economic stance on the two different industry scenario and on theories of related studies on such cases.

Background The Davao Region and the neighboring provinces located in Southern Mindanao (Figure 1) are well known for its diverse culture and abundant natural resources. Towns and municipalities have limited capabilities of urbanizing their places mainly due to political turmoil, cultural conflicts and minimal educated population (Miller, 2009). Therefore these regional areas depend largely on…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Davao Immersion Trip

...Operation Research: Davao Immersion Trip Relation to Course A Paper Submitted to MSBMW in Partial Fulfillment of the Course Requirement in OR Submitted by: GREMMARIE U. CASTILLO February 7, 2013 Our group was assigned to be at the second plane which is the departure time is 5 o’clock in the morning. We departed in Manila (Ninoy Aquino International Airport Terminal 3) at exactly 5:15 am and we arrived at Davao (Francisco Bangoy International Airport) around 6:45 am. Outside the airport we were welcomed by the travel group showing a tarpaulin saying “Evaluate, Energize, Enhance – Davao City”; it is the Immersion trip’s theme for this year. My friends and I was on the bus number 4 with our very jolly tour guide, Kuya . Day 1 is for city tour. Our first destination is Wild Safari Grill. It is where we ate our buffet breakfast for us to be fueled and full-tanked for the fun and tiring itineraries of the day. Based on my research Wild Safari Grill is owned by Kenneth Yap of Ranch and Reef. Our second destination was the Davao Museum is situated inside the Insular Subdivision. We didn’t stay long inside because the place is only small and you can finish viewing in a short period of time. After Davao Museum we proceeded to the Davao Central 911. The Davao Central 911 is a emergency response team that helps to maintain peace and order in the city. Davao city is the first in the Philippines that has an emergency response system. It can respond to various kinds of......

Words: 1385 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Factors Affecting the Performance of Call Center Agents in Davao City

...and labor costs, as well as having a highly skilled labor force, proficiency in American-style English and idioms, and a constant stream of college-educated graduates entering the workforce. Philippines remain as a top BPO destination for the estimated $150-billion business process outsourcing industry. The management at Call Center Philippines has been working with outsourcing vendors for over ten years. (Retrieved from “Call centers in Manila have been promising for so long to open call centers in Davao, but after they get their agents from here, they go back to Manila and forget their promise, (Fornier said). Fornier insists that it is not so much that Davao lacks the facilities or infrastructure to host call-center companies; he says Davao is comparable to Cebu in this regard. Whatever it is, these companies probably thought that making Davao a recruitment ground is more sensible, investment-wise. Perhaps these companies figured that, instead of spending on bricks-and-mortars offices, they’d save more money if they just recruited from the provinces. This, however, completely undermines what has been touted as the industry’s greatest contributions to the economy to spread the wealth of the call-center industry to the provinces and to generate jobs in these places. Perhaps one factor that these businesses are considering is the labor......

Words: 10956 - Pages: 44

Premium Essay

Davao: a Booming Metro of Hotel Business

...Topic: Davao City: A Booming Metro of Hotel Business Chapter 1 Introduction Over the years, Hotel business gives a great contribution to the economic progress of the world. Tourists go to places to see spots that attract their attention, and to accommodate them, hotels were built. Many tourists consider luxury as a factor in finding hotels to check into, and so in Europe, hotels vary from accents such as Italian, British, French, and even Irish. There are even hotels that offer affordable services that attract those who are price-conscious tourists. In the Philippines, hotels play a big role in boosting the tourism and to give accommodation to various tourists from all over the world. The City of Davao, which is the center of tourism in Mindanao, houses many kinds of hotels, including big and small ones, expensive and also economy class. Hotels and the hospitality industry have been recorded as far back as biblical time when Mary and Joseph arrived in Bethlehem. As the Bible depicts, Mary and Joseph were refused accommodations because there “was no more room available at the inn.” Since the beginning of time, people have travelled for commerce, religion, family, health, and recreation. The first hotel built in the Philippines was the Hotel Del Oriente in Binondo Manila. The Manila Hotel was built on 1912 and since then, became a Philippine Landmark. One of the first hotels in Davao was built on the year 1996, and through the years,......

Words: 470 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Living Conditions of University Students in Boarding Houses and Dormitories in Davao City, Philippines

...IAMURE: International Journal of Social Science Vol. 1 January 2012 International Peer Reviewed Journal IAMURE: International Journal of Social Science The Living Conditions of University Students in Boarding Houses and Dormitories in Davao City, Philippines RUEL A. BRILLIANTES NELIA B. AGA FE C. TIPACE Holy Cross of Davao College CESAR A. ADEGUE MERCELEE P. PEREZ Brokenshire College ADORICO M. AYA-AY EMMA V. SAGARINO University of the Immaculate Conception Abstract - Living in a boarding house or dormitory is necessary for students who come from far places. In Davao City, an observable statistics of university students from neighbouring provinces and the city’s outskirts live in these temporary residences. However, reports reveal that these housing facilities, most of the time, fail to consider students’ safety and welfare. This study determined the living conditions of university students in boarding houses and dormitories. This is anchored on the premise that the physical and environmental components of these residential facilities could affect students’ holistic well-being. Data elicited through survey involving five hundred seventy-one (571) respondents and focused group discussion among selected groups of student-boarders/dormers, reveal that a student’s stay in a boarding house and dormitory has significant contributions to his/her personal, social, academic and emotional growth. But, this has nothing to do with the......

Words: 5697 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Davao Medical Center

...opportunity to know more about Davao Medical Hospital, which has been greatly of interest to us. The Hospital has become part of our lives for more than four years now. We spend 24 hours every week in Davao Medical Hospital for our duties. That is why today, and for a few days more, We as a group are indeed very grateful that upon the day we shall bid goodbye to Ateneo de Davao University, the institution who have inculcated us with good values and quality education and also become part of our lives for many years have given us the opportunity to know more the history of Davao Medical Hospital. This document aims to describe the in- depth information, history and other factors that have been utilized to the emergence of Davao Medical Hospital. The resources came from our orientation and meeting with Mrs. Vilma Comoda, R.N, MAN and the interviews and the written documents we have read. HISTORY OF THE DAVAO GENERAL HOSPITAL 1917 – Enacted by the Philippine Legislative as Davao Public Hospital with a 25 bed capacity. The Davao General Hospital at Davao City, way back in the year 1918, a just a Sick Ward set up by the District Engineer’s Office in Davao for the care and treatment of the sick laborer’s known as “Sakadas”, who were the brought in to help the development of Davao. In 1919, by virtue of Special Act of the Philippine Legislation which was passed in 1917, to establish a hospital in the non-Christian Province of which Davao Province was......

Words: 8816 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

Job Specialisation

...job specialisation as their common job design. Job specialisation is a job composed of a small part of larger task or process (Williams & McWilliams, 2010). However workers will quickly feel bored due to repetition of same specific task every working day. Application of Job Characteristic model (JCM) that consists of five core dimension can solve the boredom and low job satisfaction of workers. JCM is an approach to job redesign that seeks to formulate jobs in ways that motivate workers and lead to positive work outcomes (Williams & McWilliams, 2010). The purpose of this article is to study the advantages and disadvantages of companies inserting job specialisation into their job design and application of JCM to diminish boredom and low job satisfaction of workers that caused by specialised job. Job design is the number, kind and variety of tasks that individual workers perform in doing their jobs (Williams & McWilliams, 2010). Adoption of job specialisation is very common job design among companies. It is widely practiced by successful companies like MacDonald, Subway and BMW in their production of their goods and services. The characteristic of job specialisation are low variety, simple, high repetition and tasks that are easier to learn. Jobs are separated and breakdown into smaller parts to simplify it, make it easier and focus so that employees can master the specific task in the minimum consumption of time. There are advantages of using job specialisation......

Words: 1471 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Davao: No Smoking City

...WHO smoke-free city case study Advancing the enforcement of the smoking ban in public places – Davao City, Philippines © World Health Organization 2011 All rights reserved. Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications – whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution – should be addressed to the WHO Centre for Health Development, I.H.D. Centre th Building, 9 Floor, 5-1, 1-chome, Wakinohama-Kaigandori, Chuo-ku, Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture, 651-0073, Japan (fax: +81 78 230 3178; email: The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. Errors and omissions excepted, the names of proprietary products are distinguished by initial capital letters. All reasonable precautions have been taken by WHO to verify the information contained in this publication. However, the published material is being distributed without warranty of any......

Words: 6764 - Pages: 28

Free Essay


...World War II, the land became valuable to developers who wanted to build homes. To meet this pressure, the City of Dairy Valley was incorporated in 1956. Dairy Valley later became the city of Cerritos. The demand for land became so great that the dairymen sold their dairies and moved their operations to the east in Chino and to Central California.”("The official artesia," ) “The Artesia Water Tower, the familiar inactive water storage tank located on Clarkdale Avenue just south of 183rd Street, has been a familiar site for citizens of Artesia for many years. However, little is known of its active past or when it was actually constructed. In an attempt to declare the Tower a Historical Landmark the City is asking citizens who may have information to share about its past, or have dated pictures of the tower to come forward. The Tower, which can store up to 50,000 gallons of water, was once owned by the Southern California Water Company, and was sold to the City of Artesia as an inactive water storage facility in 1988. The tower was purchased by the City to be used only as a point of historical interest, and to provide a special identity to the community. When the City of Artesia purchased the tower, the then green tower was quickly painted to its current color with the addition of the name Artesia painted on two sides.” ("The official artesia," ) “Every two months the City of Artesia publishes a community newsletter called the  Artesian. In each issue page 4 is reserved......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Problems of Buiyng Behavior in Davao City

...Water is a very important resource. Some people are now switching to bottled water because they feel it’s a healthier alternative to other beverages, as well as being a convenient source of water or tap water. People thought that drinking bottled water is safer and cleaner than tap water, bottled water Industry has been under scrutiny for a variety of issues but bottled water still proves that they are the beneficial resource in certain situations. Nowadays, people are more concern to their financial, health and environment due to the negative impacts bottled water. Globally, particularly in U.S. and Canada, bottled water is regulated as a food. Meaning it does not have to be tested as frequently for bacteria and chemical contaminated as city water does. Also, studies shows that some micro-organisms tend to grow more frequently in bottled water than they do in tap water (Petty, S. et. al 2010). According to the study of Gleick (2010), the author states that some people are afraid that the water that comes out to their tap will harm them and it also states that the fear of tap water could come from the bottled water advertisers inadvertently suggest that tap water has a lower quality compare to bottled. Also, Foote, M (2011) states that according to the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC,1999), most consumers widely believe that bottled water is better for them due to added health benefits, even as this is not the case. Bottled water is also perceived to be safer......

Words: 577 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Consumer's Preferences of Milktea in Davao City

...CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Background of the study Davao has never been left behind in the latest bubble craze,thirst quencher, stress reliever, tea forever. Tea addiction that’s what some people called it, finally it’s here and its now viral all over Metro Davao. If you haven’t tried dringking milk tea, you better try drinking it, its worthy to spend a little penny for it. Milk tea it’s not just a simple tea. It’s a gift to us people during our bad days or the not-so-bad-days (stressful days). The “ancestor” of bubble tea originated in the early 80’s from a tea shop called Chun Shui Tang (春水堂) in Taichung, Taiwan. Unlike the fully loaded pearl milk tea, the oldest form of bubble tea was made by mixing cold black tea with fructose syrup using a shaker. According to Liu Han-Chieh (劉漢介), the founder of the tea shop, his wife named it bubble tea after seeing the layer of foam that ended up on top of the tea. After successfully marking a turning point for Taiwanese tea culture, Liu introduced the pearl milk tea in 1987. In the beginning, other ingredients were added to the milk tea such as fruits and sugar coated yam. ( Milk tea is a very sweet tea that is often used in boba. Milk tea/ Boba is a drink consisting of tea and balls of tapioca/pearl and honey. Milk tea is really good for the health because of its natural vitamins that we can get by drinking it, that is because of the added ingredients,......

Words: 4052 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Job Specialisation

...viewed 6 August 2015, New Charter University<> Title and Article Reference | Williams and Mcwilliams, 2010, Designing Adaptive Organizations, MGMT2, Second Asia-Pacific Edition.Bauer,T, n.d.,Motivating Employees through job design, Organisational behavior, viewed 6 August 2015.Duggan, T, n.d., What are the alternatives to job Specialisation, Viewed 6 August 2015, Demand Media. | | Aim / Purpose of article | The purpose of this essay to define that why companies use job specialisation approach to job design and to use the job characteristics model to describe how specialized jobs can be modified to eliminate boredom and low job satisfaction associated with them. | | Sample, location, method of data collection and analysis | Mcdonald’s employees paid less as all work is done through job specialisation and education and high experience is not necessary there.Analysis- Internal motivation | | Findings/Interpretations reported in the article | It can be seen that the essay has met all goals and objectives. Job specialisation, and the job characteristic model have been defined in detail and the advantages and the disadvantages along with various elements of each have been identified and put forward. It has also been shown that through the use of above methods the boredom and low job satisfaction associated with job specialization can be reduced. | | Significance/contribution of the article in relation......

Words: 737 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Essay Plan for Job Specialisation

...and management theory. 3. Critically analyse the underlying values of these theories. 4. Demonstrate knowledge of management theories and evaluate their impact on practical management decision making in the Australasian context Topic - Job Specialisation uses standardised work procedures to have workers perform repetitive; precisely defined and simplified tasks. Explain why companies use this approach to job design. Using the Job Characteristics model, describe how specialised jobs can be modified to eliminate the boredom and low job satisfaction associated with them. (Chapter 9) Introduction Job specialization reflects the degree to which tasks get broken down and divided into smaller tasks. Benefits include worker proficiency, decreased time between task transfer and the ability to develop specialized equipment for a specific function. Background * Existed in the first half of the century where guidelines laid by people like Adam Smith and Frederick Taylor, who sought to make jobs in organisations as simple as possible. * Ways to move from job specialisation was to introduce job rotation, allowing workers to diversify and relieve boredom (Article 3, Article 1 – good arguments for continual development of job specialisation. Can occur long or short term. Generally used by big companies to train their graduates and give them exposure to all faculties of the organisation. Positive effects * Specialising leads to the rise of knowledge work and......

Words: 1849 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...complex ones in cities. However, cities are where the action is. Therefore, new subfield of anthropology emerged, urban anthropology, emphasizing issues of the cities in undeveloped and industrialized countries. This might be due to the reason that anthropology aspires to study universals and wider perspective of human condition. And also cities represent a ‘gateway; to fieldwork which mainly takes place in towns, peasants villages, rural areas etc. Gateway, not just in a physical sense of airports, train & bus stations, but also in sense of communication, expertise (universities, academics etc.), government etc. Although, to interpret issues of cities, the slums, & shanty towns can be done only in terms of forces which lead people to migrate from the countryside. 1. There are a lot of questions studied by both anthropologists and sociologists related to comparative studies of cities and understanding human ways. These phenomena are those of comparison of urban experience in underdeveloped countries. For instance, issues like kinship ties and stresses of urban life and its effects of crowding on aggression and frustration. Thus Anderson argues, on this topic, that due to cultural ways of dealing with crowding the pathological effects on urban Chinese living in Hong Kong are minimized. More importantly, Gideon Sjoberg, created so-called idealized model of the preindustrial cities, in other words, cities of antiquity. One can say that ancient’s city was of......

Words: 832 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Job Specialisation

...Introduction: • Begin with a personal anecdote about job specialisation and how it is a repetitive task – by using the personal anecdote the aim is to grab the reader’s attention as they may be able to personally connect with the topic. • Briefly explain job design – ‘the number, kind and variety of tasks that individual workers perform in doing their jobs’ (William, McWilliams) • Define job specialisation and the job characteristic model • Aim/Purpose – is to explain why companies choose to use job specialisation as an approach to job redesign and look at the benefits and impacts of specialising a job. Whilst also exploring how the job characteristic model is used to explain how specialised jobs can be modified to prevent boredom and low levels of job satisfaction. Body Paragraph: 1. Why companies choose to use job specialisation • Explain the benefits of why a company should use job specialisations • Outline the impacts job specialisation can have on companies if they choose to use it to job redesign • Describe factors such as cohesiveness, expectations and attitude of the employees that can bring positive or negative benefits to a company • Provide examples and quotes from articles 2. Using the five core characteristics from the job characteristic model explain how specialised jobs can be modified • Briefly describe the five core elements on the model (skill variety, task identity, task performance, autonomy and feedback) • Describe how jobs......

Words: 366 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Corporate Background of Davao Packaging Corporation

...| [pic] | |DAVAO PACKAGING CORPORATION | |BO. A.O. FLOIRENDO, PANABO CITY | |Corporate Profile | |COMPANY BACKGROUND | |INTRO | |Davao Packaging Corporation (DAPACOR) is the premier producer of world class packaging products targeting the agricultural, | |industrial, and consumer markets.  | |DAPACOR's core products include: corrugated carton boxes, plastic films and sheets, synthetic twine, sticker labels, and | |recycled resins. DAPACOR is an organization of skilled individuals dedicated to the pursuit of Quality, Excellence and | |Innovation. It has highly-advanced and state-of-the-art equipment that boost its capabilities to exceed its customers' | |expectations. ...

Words: 1292 - Pages: 6