Premium Essay

Mit Topic Sentences

In: English and Literature

Submitted By lunchbox
Words 1164
Pages 5
Topic Sentences: Fact Sheet and Examples
[A student sent me this explanation he found on the internet. Other students have told me the explanation was useful. My comments are in red.]

A topic sentence "brings to the paragraph not only order but also unity," and it "announces the topic and an attitude toward it" (Hall 198). As Rise B. Axelrod notes, [My favorite definition:] "A topic sentence lets readers know the focus of a paragraph in simple and direct terms" (406). Sometimes we say that the topic sentence embodies the paragraph's organizing idea or its controlling idea.
A topic sentence performs at least some of the following functions: 1. Announces the topic: "A polar bear walks in a way all its own." - Barry Lopez [This is the most common function for a topic sentence. In WA 2, look for the sentence that states the topic of most or all of the other sentences in the paragraph.] 2. Makes a transition from the previous paragraph: "Like sensations, ideas are neither true nor false." - Mortimer J. Adler [A more sophisticated topic sentence summarizes the topic of the last paragraph and announce the topic of the current one, which “connects” the two ideas in the reader’s mind.] 3. Asks and answers a rhetorical question: "What about motion that is too slow to be seen by the human eye? That problem has been solved by the use of the time-lapse camera." - James C. Rettie [The “ask-answer” topic sentences is effectively draws in the reader, but use it sparingly. A little goes a long way.] 4. Forecasts sub-topics to be dealt within the paragraph or in a whole section of paragraphs: "Oppressed groups are denied education, economic independence, the power of office, representation, an image of dignity and self-respect, equality of status, and recognition as human beings." - Kate Millett [The “forecasts sub-topics”…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Topic Sentence

...Reading Strategies Worksheet Identify two reading goals, one short-term and one long-term. * Long-term reading goal: Comprehending and understand the reads and learning of new words Short-term reading goal: Reading twice a day and jotting down words and understand and acknowledge the concept behind the reading Write a 100- to 150-word response to each of the following questions: * How do you currently approach the weekly readings in the course? * I attend to approach each reading every week over thinking what’s needed to be done. I attend to look at homework first. Then reading the question and seeing how many words need to be in response and then skim thru the reading that will help me respond to the questions. I never really was reading the whole chapter to learning more, just the part that is needed at the time. How might you incorporate three of the suggestions covered this week into your study time? The three suggestions I will incorporate in my study is…1. Read in a block time with short breaks in between. Reading in small blocks throughout the day increasing my comprehension and understanding to reading better and allowing it to just flow. 2.Set a reading goal. By setting a reading goal that is realistic increases my ability to read more on a daily bases and learn more words and meanings. And last 3. Jot down questions, take notes, and recite key ideas and word. Jotting down information while reading text helps you to go back and study......

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Appendix H: Topic Sentence and Informal Outline Worksheet

...Appendix H Topic Sentence and Informal Outline Worksheet Using the Center for Writing Excellence and MyFoundationsLab resources, provide the topic sentence and informal outline for your Personal Ethics Statement. • Topic sentence: Even though some may believe good personal ethics are not necessary in aworkplace, people do, in fact, need good ethics to conduct a healthy and successful workplace or educational setting. When good ethics are conducted in a workplace,these personal ethics will also flourish in a personal setting with friends and family. • Informal outline: Introductory Paragraph Even though some may believe good personal ethics are not necessary in a workplace, people do, in fact, need good ethics to conduct a healthy and successful workplace or educational setting. When good ethics are conducted in a workplace, these personal ethics will also flourish in a personal setting with friends and family. Body Paragraph #1 Forms of good personal ethics people can follow. Body Paragraph #2 When good personal ethics are conducted in a workplace, these personal ethics will also flourish in a personal setting with friends and family. Body Paragraph #3 People need good personal ethics in order to advance their career and gain probability that they can perform properly and effectively. Conclusion In conclusion, some people should not conclude that having good personal ethics are not necessary in a workplace, and only in your personal......

Words: 276 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mit Research

...helpful in specifying communication as a tool to manage organizational change because it reflects on building alliances and networks that rests on effective communication to assist in getting things done. McNamara, MBA, PhD, Carter. All About Training and Development (Learning and Development). Retrieved from http://managementhelp.org/training/index.htm This Web-Blog discussed the importance of assessing your companies needs for training, and the goals you expect to gain. It goes over objectives and ideas for plans and activities. Northouse, Peter. (2010). Leadership: theory and practice. Fifth Edition. P.44-46 This source is very effective in relating communication and managing organizational change together. Other topics covered in this material of leadership theory are: traits, transformation, ethics, diversity, team dynamics, management and case studies. The author treats leadership as a very complex process with multiple dimensions. His literature is based off research on approaches to leadership. It informs the audience and directs how leadership should be practiced. After studying more about communication and how it is used as a tool to modify behavior I have a deeper appreciation for the profession of industrial/organizational psychologists and theorists of organizational leadership. These professionals are the ones studying the organizational behavior and searching for methods to apply towards organizational change. Prosci, Inc. (1996).......

Words: 4164 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Appendix H Topic Sentence Outline

...Associate Level Material Appendix H Topic Sentence and Informal Outline Worksheet Using the Center for Writing Excellence and MyFoundationsLab resources, provide the topic sentence and informal outline for your Personal Ethics Statement. • Topic sentence: Many people believe that having good personal ethics is not as important as it used to be. However, ethics are what make a person who they are and how they live their daily lives. A person’s personal ethics are the ideas that they believe are the most important to them, such as honesty, integrity, and morals. • Informal outline: Personal ethics are a person’s beliefs about their morals and knowing right from wrong. Having good personal ethics is important when it comes to family, every day society, work and school. Most people who have good personal ethics are likely to be honest in their personal lives and chances are they will also be honest in their professional life as well. Teaching personal ethics within your family is a very important part of many cultures and different family units. In many cases this is where adults have learned their ethics from such things as honesty, integrity, and morals. Ethics in a way can also become traditions and a way of life. Ethics in the workplace and school are important because it creates a safe and secure environment for everyone around. While at school and work there are certain rules that are in place to make sure that......

Words: 268 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Writing-Topic Sentence

...ranging from grammar, mechanics, and punctuation to the complexities of clear and coherent sentence, paragraph, and essay construction. II. Objectives Upon completion of this course, students will be able to A. analyze and respond critically and logically to readings. B. correctly assimilate vocabulary into writing. C. originate and construct sentences of varying complexity. D. approach writing assignments according to a process of creating, drafting, revising, and editing. E. originate and construct clear, unified basic paragraphs and essays appropriate to assignment, audience, and purpose. F. develop paragraphs and essays using various types of organizational patterns such as narration, description, examples/ illustration. G. edit paragraphs and essays with reasonable mechanical correctness. III. Topics to be Covered A. The academic paragraph/ academic essay 1. The writing process 2. Basic paragraph/ essay structure and the topic sentence/ thesis statement (Suggested developments for paragraphs: narration, description, and/or definition; suggested developments for essays: example/illustration, comparison/contrast, division/classification) 3. Coherence 4. Developing the paragraph/ essay according to specific patterns 5. Improving the paragraph/ essay a. Consistency b. Sentence variety c. Language/ word choice 6. Proofreading/ editing 7.......

Words: 1701 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Topic Sentences

...ANSWER FOR EXERCISE IN ROSS’s BOOK (CHAPTER 20, page 721-722, Question 11, 12 & 20) 11. The carrying costs are the average inventory times the cost of carrying an individual unit, so: Carrying costs = (2,500/2)($9) = $11,250 The order costs are the number of orders times the cost of an order, so: Order costs = (52)($1,700) = $88,400 The economic order quantity is: EOQ = [(2T × F)/CC]1/2 EOQ = [2(52)(2,500)($1,700)/$9]1/2 EOQ = 7,007.93 The firm’s policy is not optimal, since the carrying costs and the order costs are not equal. The company should increase the order size and decrease the number of orders. 12. The carrying costs are the average inventory times the cost of carrying an individual unit, so: Carrying costs = (300/2)($41) = $6,150 The order costs are the number of orders times the cost of an order, so: Restocking costs = 52($95) = $4,940 The economic order quantity is: EOQ = [(2T × F)/CC]1/2 EOQ = [2(52)(300)($95)/$41]1/2 EOQ = 268.87 The number of orders per year will be the total units sold per year divided by the EOQ, so: Number of orders per year = 52(300)/268.87 Number of orders per year = 58.02 The firm’s policy is not optimal, since the carrying costs and the order costs are not equal. The company should decrease the order size and increase the number of orders. 20. Since the company sells 700 suits per week, and there are 52 weeks per year, the total number of suits sold is: Total suits sold = 700 × 52 = 36,400 And, the EOQ is 500 suits, so the number of......

Words: 438 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Topic

...process, when reviewing the material taking a glance at any notes I've took, also markings or outlines. Also reading over the information out loud while reviewing helps when finding out if having valid information. Strategies that would suit better to be effective for me would be writing down unfamiliar terms that I’m not known to nor not seen in a sentence. Then do research to see, how that term was used in either another meaning or has a relation to an another word. Best thing when learning newer terms is to integrated within your writing or having conservations with others to learn how to use them properly. existing lists and Another strategy I would use using the term or word whether in conversation or writing as it would help me familiarize myself more with the term or word. I learned a lot of new applications that I will definitely utilize. I have used Previewing a few times in the past but have never made a habit of it. I think it will be a great thing to start using though. It allows you to get a great feel for how long the chapter is and how long it should take you to read. As well as giving you an idea of what the main topics are going to be. Marking is a great way to condense an entire chapter into just the important ideas. That way when it comes time to studying you already have the important parts highlighted or underlined. I have already started to get ideas for making sure I have a place I can read with concentration. I plan on doing a lot of my reading......

Words: 756 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Paragraphs and Topic Sentence

...High interest rates create an unwillingness to spend money. Because consumers know that they will pay more over the course of the loan, they might choose to postpone buying high items such as cars and homes. Higher interest rates cause deflation, which means the purchasing power of the dollar is stronger. Debt deflation reduces personal wealth and aggravates an economic downturn. Many parties control interest rates, including banks and, the Federal Reserve. These institutions decide which interest rates to charge to other banks, companies in need of business loans and individuals wishing to buy a mortgage. The rate charged to consumers is not compatible: While borrowers with a high credit score receive lower interest rates, people with poor credit scores receive higher interest rates. Low interest rates affect purchasing habits as well. The Federal Reserve sets a low discount rate to inspire banks to issue more loans to each other and to consumers. When consumers and businesses have easier access to credit, they spend more money. In most cases, low mortgage rates equate to more home purchases and low credit card rates cause people to spend more on credit. However, low interest rates and an increase in the money supply means the dollar weakens. Businesses that rely on foreign vendors will see an increase in the cost of production because of the changes in the exchange rate. Changing the procure routine of banks and consumers through interest rates is a long standing......

Words: 366 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sentence

...Complex Sentences Exercise (See related pages) ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Directions: Determine the independent clause in each sentence. Example | Although too little sleep is an effect of stress, too little sleep can cause stress. | | a. Although too little sleep is an effect of stress | | b. too little sleep can cause stress | | | Explanation | The answer is b. The most important thought the author wants readers to understand is that too little sleep can cause stress. The dependent clause, which is introduced by although, tells readers information the author considers less important, that too little sleep is an effect of stress (that is, people who are stressed may not sleep well). Notice that if you read the dependent clause aloud to someone and stopped there, the listener would expect you to add something more. The dependent clause does not make complete sense by itself. | | | | 1 | | Although we know the benefits of exercise, most of us don't know that a brisk after-dinner stroll can help with digestion. | | | A) | Although we know the benefits of exercise | | | B) | most of us don't know that a brisk after-dinner stroll can help with digestion | | | | | | | | 2 | | People need to be able to share their fears, frustrations, and joys, so it's important for us to develop a network of people we can share our feelings with. | | | A) | People need to be able to share their fears...

Words: 1394 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Sentences

...Sentence structure This guide explains how sentences are constructed and how different types of sentences are formed. It shows you how to punctuate each type correctly and how to combine different sentence types for effective written communication. Other useful guides: Using paragraphs, Using the comma. What is a complete sentence? Sentences provide us with the framework for the clear written expression of our ideas. The aim in writing is always to write in complete sentences which are correctly punctuated. Sentences always begin with a capital letter and end in either a full stop, exclamation or question mark. A complete sentence always contains a verb, expresses a complete idea and makes sense standing alone. Andy reads quickly. This is a complete sentence as it contains a verb (reads), expresses a complete idea and it does not need any further information for the reader to understand the sentence. When Andy reads is an incomplete sentence. It contains a verb, but the opening word when tells us that something happens when Andy reads; we need more information to complete the idea. When Andy reads, he reads quickly. This is now a complete sentence, as the whole idea of the sentence has been expressed. The following examples show the incomplete sentences in italics. There is another theory. Which should not be ignored. There is another theory which should not be ignored. The proposal was finally rejected. Although they considered......

Words: 1120 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Sentence

...useful sentences for academic writing Argue a. Along similar lines, [X] argues that ___. b. There seems to be no compelling reason to argue that ___. c. As a rebuttal to this point, it might be (convincingly) argued that ___. d. There are [three] main arguments that can be advanced to support ___. e. The underlying argument in favor of / against [X] is that ___. f. [X]’s argument in favor of / against [Y] runs as follows: ___. Claim a. In this [paper], I put forward the claim that ___. b. [X] develops the claim that ___. c. There is ample / growing support for the claim that ___. d. [X]’s findings lend support to the claim that ___. e. Taking a middle-ground position, [X] claims that ___. Data  a. The data gathered in the [pilot study] suggests / suggest that ___. b. The data appears / appear to suggest that ___. c. The data yielded by this [study] provides strong / convincing evidence that ___. (yielded = generated) d. A closer look at the data indicates that ___. e. The data generated by [X] is / are reported in [table 1]. f. The aim of this [section] is to generalize beyond the data and ___. In modern usage, data can also be treated as a mass / uncountable noun, like information. Before you submit your work, check whether the institution you’re writing for / on behalf of prefers data + plural verb. Debate  a. [X] has fostered debate on ___. (fostered = encouraged) b. There has been an inconclusive debate about whether ___. c. The question of......

Words: 18316 - Pages: 74

Free Essay

Topic Sentence and Informal Outline Worksheet

...of situations to have access to education and maybe affordable than a traditional education. Introduction Education online has emerged with the introduction of the World Wide Web to the populace. The web has created the convenience of being [Doctoral rule (but good advice for any academic writer)--If not a noun (as in "human being"), the word "Being" is hard to imagine; it means "existing." Try to rewrite this without using "being"--with action words like "attending," "working," "living," "experiencing," simply "as"--or even removing "being" completely] able to do everything online and from the safety of your own home or office. This convenience includes shopping for anything from groceries to clothes to furniture and to researching topics for school reports, business ideas, and to meeting and making friends. Everything seems to be possible with the use of the Internet, and an education online has become another one of the things that you can avail of conveniently from the Internet. If you are not comfortable with the latest computer technology or are resistant to change, then an online education program may not work for you. Online students are required to learn new skills, such as researching and reviewing resources from the internet [Capitalize "Internet" as the worldwide communication network] . If keeping up-to-date with the latest computer technology and using this knowledge on a consistent basis to complete your assignments doesn't appeal to you, you might want to......

Words: 1317 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Sentence

...Running head: THE SENTENCE The Sentence Jose Guerrero Sentencing When criminal cases go before the justice system, it is safe to say that the elements of the crime have been established, that evidence supporting the criminal act has been presented and that the case against the defendant has been proven beyond a reasonable doubt to the jury who witnessed and heard the case as it was being presented. The presentation made before a judge and a jury will have an effect on what type of sentencing the accused might receive. Just like the prosecutor will the defense try to present their case with their own evidence and witnesses hoping to create some doubt in the minds of those hearing the case which includes the judge. In considering the criminal case at hand there would be some relevant information that as a judge I would need to have in order to impose the proper sentence against the defendant. First, I would like to know if the elements of the crime were proven during trial as directed by the penal code. Second, whether the crime itself was a misdemeanor or a felony. How much damage did this defendant caused whether it was monetary or personal damage since it deals with identity theft. Further, if the defendant had the intent to commit the crime and had knowledge of what he was doing at the time that the crime was being committed. Moreover, I would review the defendant’s criminal history to include whether he has been placed on probation or parole for the......

Words: 914 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Topic Sentence and Informal Outline

...Topic Sentence and Informal Outline Sean Heffernan GEN/195 March 06, 2012 John Borio Topic Sentence and Informal Outline It is essential to know how to write a topic sentence properly. A topic sentence conveys the main sentence of a paragraph and describes the content of the paragraph. An informal outline consists of the major and minor ideas reviewed or discussed within the literature. An informal outline organizes thoughts yet stays away from repetition. Informal Outline Although people come from different races, cultures, ages, and backgrounds, it is important for people to live a constructive and successful life at home, workplace, learning environment, and community. Personal ethics starts at home and carries over to every aspect in a person’s life. More successful people have a strong self-awareness and a strong educational background. • People need to have good ethics. • Displaying personal ethics at home carries over to school, workplace, and community. • Developing good personal ethics helps people advance personal gain and become more effective in various aspects of life. Conclusion People come from different walks of life. No mater where a person comes from, everyone at some point in his or her life needs to learn what good ethics consists of. Good ethics that begin at home progresses into other aspects of life. People who display good ethics have a better understanding of how to attain personal goals. More successful people have......

Words: 256 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Topic Sentence and Informal Outline

...University of Phoenix Material LaTasha Wright Reading Strategies Worksheet Identify two reading goals, one short-term and one long-term. * Long-term reading goal: Comprehending and understand the reads and learning of new words Short-term reading goal: Reading twice a day and jotting down words and understand and acknowledge the concept behind the reading Write a 100- to 150-word response to each of the following questions: * How do you currently approach the weekly readings in the course? * I attend to approach each reading every week over thinking what’s needed to be done. I attend to look at homework first. Then reading the question and seeing how many words need to be in response and then skim thru the reading that will help me respond to the questions. I never really was reading the whole chapter to learning more, just the part that is needed at the time. How might you incorporate three of the suggestions covered this week into your study time? The three suggestions I will incorporate in my study is…1. Read in a block time with short breaks in between. Reading in small blocks throughout the day increasing my comprehension and understanding to reading better and allowing it to just flow. 2.Set a reading goal. By setting a reading goal that is realistic increases my ability to read more on a daily bases and learn more words and meanings. And last 3. Jot down questions, take notes, and recite key ideas and word.......

Words: 319 - Pages: 2