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Historical Cost Accounting Decision Usefulness

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The Effect of ERP System Implementations on the Usefulness of Accounting Information

Joseph F. Brazel Department of Accounting College of Management North Carolina State University Campus Box 8113 Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 Telephone: 919-513-1772 Fax: 919-515-4446 e-mail: joe_brazel@ncsu.edu Li Dang Department of Accounting College of Business Oregon State University Corvallis, Oregon 97331 Telephone: 541-737-6049 e-mail: li.dang@bus.oregonstate.edu October 2005

The authors thank the international ERP system supplier for providing them with the ERP system implementation data and Marianne Bradford and Jeff Wong for helpful comments. Funding for this research was partially provided by an NCSU Edwin Gill Research Grant.

The Effect of ERP System Implementations on the Usefulness of Accounting Information ABSTRACT: ERP systems have become the system of choice for the majority of publicly traded companies and have radically changed the way accounting information is processed, analyzed, audited, and disseminated. In this study, we examine whether ERP system implementations have impacted the decision usefulness of accounting information. We find that ERP adoptions lead to a trade-off between increased information relevancy and decreased information reliability for external users of financial statements. After implementing the system, firms concurrently experience both a decrease in reporting lag and an increase in the level of discretionary accruals. Contrary to expectations, adopting more ERP modules did not augment these effects. These results should be of interest to financial statement preparers initially adopting or implementing new versions of ERP applications, auditors serving clients with ERP systems, and regulators overseeing the financial markets and consolidation in the ERP industry. Keywords: ERP systems; discretionary accruals; implementation;…...

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