Free Essay

Gmat

In: Other Topics

Submitted By 3180we
Words 7177
Pages 29
GWD_TN_1

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q1:D

During her presidency of the short-lived Woman’s State Temperance Society (1852-1853), Elizabeth Cady Stanton, as she was a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters in her suggestion that drunkenness should be made sufficient cause for divorce.

A. as she was a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters in her suggestion that drunkenness should be

B. as she was a staunch advocate for liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters by her suggestion of drunkenness being

C. in being a staunch advocate for liberalized divorce laws, had scandalized many of her most ardent supporters with the suggestion of drunkenness being

D. a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters by suggesting that drunkenness be

E. a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, she scandalized many of her most ardent supporters in suggesting that drunkenness should be

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q2:B

By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will increase their share of the country’s $21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging from obscure textbooks to mass-market paperbacks.

A. their share of the country’s $21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging

B. from 6 percent to 10 percent its share of the $21 billion book market in the country, which ranges

C. to 10 percent from 6 percent in their share of the $21 billion book market in the country, a market ranging

D. in its share, from 6 percent to 10 percent, of the $21 billion book market in the country, which ranges

E. to 10 percent from 6 percent its share of the country’s $21 billion book market, which ranges

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q3:B

A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing products can generally command a high price. Because technological advances tend to be quickly surpassed and companies want to make large profits while they still can, many companies charge the greatest price the market will bear when they have such a product. But large profits on the mew product will give competitors a strong incentive to quickly match the mew product’s capabilities. Consequently, the strategy to maximize overall profit from a new product is to charge less than the greatest possible price.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an assumption that forms the basis for a course of action that the argument criticizes; the second presents the course of action endorsed by the argument.

B. The first is a consideration raised to explain the appeal of a certain strategy; the second is a consideration raised to call into question the wisdom of adopting that strategy.

C. The first is an assumption that has been used to justify a certain strategy; the second is a consideration that is used to cast doubt on that assumption.

D. The first is a consideration raised in support of a strategy the argument endorses; the second presents grounds in support of that consideration.

E. The first is a consideration raised to show that adopting a certain strategy is unlikely to achieve the intended effect; the second is presented to explain the appeal of that strategy.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q4 to Q6:

The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s history use separate sources and focus on separate issues. Political historians, examining sources such as voting records, newspapers, and politicians’ writings, focus on the emergence in the 1840’s of a new “American political nation,” and since women were neither voters nor politicians, they receive little discussion. Women’s historians, meanwhile, have shown little interest in the subject of party politics, instead drawing on personal papers, legal records such as wills, and records of female associations to illuminate women’s domestic lives, their moral reform activities, and the emergence of the woman’s rights movement.

However, most historians have underestimated the extent and significance of women’s political allegiance in the antebellum period. For example, in the presidential election campaigns of the 1840’s, the Virginia Whig party strove to win the allegiance of Virginia’s women by inviting them to rallies and speeches. According to Whig propaganda, women who turned out at the party’s rallies gathered information that enabled them to mold party-loyal families, reminded men of moral values that transcended party loyalty, and conferred moral standing on the party. Virginia Democrats, in response, began to make similar appeals to women as well. By the mid-1850’s the inclusion of women in the rituals of party politics had become commonplace and the ideology that justified such inclusion had been assimilated by the Democrats.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q4:C

The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is to

A. examine the tactics of antebellum political parties with regard to women

B. trace the effect of politics on the emergence of the woman’s rights movement

C. point out a deficiency in the study of a particular historical period

D. discuss the ideologies of opposing antebellum political parties

E. contrast the methodologies in two differing fields of historical inquiry

----------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q5:D

According to the second paragraph of the passage, Whig propaganda included the assertion that

A. women should enjoy more political rights than they did

B. women were the most important influences on political attitudes within a family

C. women’s reform activities reminded men of important moral values

D. women’s demonstrations at rallies would influence men’s voting behavior

E. women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party

----------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q6:C

According to the passage, which of the following was true of Virginia Democrats in the mid-1850’s?

A. They feared that their party was losing its strong moral foundation.

B. They believed that the Whigs’ inclusion of women in party politics had led to the Whigs’ success in many elections.

C. They created an ideology that justified the inclusion of women in party politics.

D. They wanted to demonstrate that they were in support of the woman’s rights movement.

E. They imitated the Whigs’ efforts to include women in the rituals of party politics.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q7:B

A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times

B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times

C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q8:D

The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

A. include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is

B. include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and

C. include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being

D. include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is

E. include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q9 to Q12:

Over the last 150 years, large stretches of salmon habitat have been eliminated by human activity: mining, livestock grazing, timber harvesting, and agriculture as well as recreational and urban development. The numerical effect is obvious: there are fewer salmon in degraded regions than in pristine ones; however, habitat loss also has the potential to reduce genetic diversity. This is most evident in cases where it results in the extinction of entire salmon populations. Indeed, most analysts believe that some kind of environmental degradation underlies the demise of many extinct salmon populations. Although some rivers have been recolonized, the unique genes of the original populations have been lost.

Large-scale disturbances in one locale also have the potential to alter the genetic structure of populations in neighboring areas, even if those areas have pristine habitats. Why? Although the homing instinct of salmon to their natal stream is strong, a fraction of the fish returning from the sea (rarely more than 15 percent) stray and spawn in nearby streams. Low levels of straying are crucial, since the process provides a source of novel genes and a mechanism by which a location can be repopulated should the fish there disappear. Yet high rates of straying can be problematic because misdirected fish may interbreed with the existing stock to such a degree that any local adaptations that are present become diluted. Straying rates remain relatively low when environmental conditions are stable, but can increase dramatically when streams suffer severe disturbance. The 1980 volcanic eruption of Mount Saint Helens, for example, sent mud and debris into several tributaries of the Columbia River. For the next couple of years, steelhead trout (a species included among the salmonids) returning from the sea to spawn were forced to find alternative streams. As a consequence, their rates of straying, initially 16 percent, rose to more than 40 percent overall.

Although no one has quantified changes in the rate of straying as a result of the disturbances caused by humans, there is no reason to suspect that the effect would be qualitatively different than what was seen in the aftermath of the Mount Saint Helens eruption. Such a dramatic increase in straying from damaged areas to more pristine streams results in substantial gene flow, which can in turn lower the overall fitness of subsequent generations.

----------

GWD1-Q9:A

The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. argue against a conventional explanation for the extinction of certain salmon populations and suggest an alternative

B. correct a common misunderstanding about the behavior of salmon in response to environmental degradation caused by human activity

C. compare the effects of human activity on salmon populations with the effects of natural disturbances on salmon populations

D. differentiate the particular effects of various human activities on salmon habitats

E. describe how environmental degradation can cause changes in salmon populations that extend beyond a numerical reduction

----------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q10:C

It can be inferred from the passage that the occasional failure of some salmon to return to their natal streams in order to spawn provides a mechanism by which

A. pristine streams that are near polluted streams become polluted themselves

B. the particular adaptations of a polluted stream’s salmon population can be preserved without dilution

C. the number of salmon in pristine habitats decreases relative to the number in polluted streams

D. an environmentally degraded stream could be recolonized by new salmon populations should the stream recover

E. the extinction of the salmon populations that spawn in polluted streams is accelerated

----------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q11:B

According to the passage, human activity has had which of the following effects on salmon populations?

A. An increase in the size of salmon populations in some previously polluted rivers

B. A decline in the number of salmon in some rivers

C. A decrease in the number straying salmon in some rivers

D. A decrease in the gene flow between salmon populations that spawn in polluted streams and populations that spawn in pristine streams

E. A decline in the vulnerability of some salmon populations to the effects of naturally occurring habitat destruction

-----------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q12:B

The author mentions the “aftermath of the Mount Saint Helens eruption” most likely in order to

A. provide an example of the process that allows the repopulation of rivers whose indigenous salmon population has become extinct

B. indicate the extent to which the disturbance of salmon habitat by human activity in one stream might affect the genetic structure of salmon populations elsewhere

C. provide a standard of comparison against which the impact of human activity on the gene flow among salmon populations should be measured

D. show how salmons’ homing instinct can be impaired as a result of severe environmental degradation of their natal streams

E. show why straying rates in salmon populations remain generally low except when spawning streams suffer severe environmental disturbance

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q13:D

In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees, this decline is likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state.

B. The number of people who move out of Florida to accept employment in other states has increased over the past ten years.

C. There are far more local businesses in Florida that cater to tourists than there are local businesses that cater to retirees.

D. The total number of people who retired and moved to another state for their retirement has increased significantly over the past ten years.

E. The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q14:A

That the application of new technology can increase the productivity of existing coal mines is demonstrated by the case of Tribnia’s coal industry. Coal output per miner in Tribnia is double what it was five years ago, even though no new mines have opened.

Which of the following can be properly concluded from the statement about coal output per miner in the passage?

A. If the number of miners working in Tribnian coal mines has remained constant in the past five years, Tribnia’s total coal production has doubled in that period of time.

B. Any individual Tribnian coal mine that achieved an increase in overall output in the past five years has also experienced an increase in output per miner.

C. If any new coal mines had opened in Tribnia in the past five years, then the increase in output per miner would have been even greater than it actually was.

D. If any individual Tribnian coal mine has not increased its output per miner in the past five years, then that mine’s overall output has declined or remained constant.

E. In Tribnia the cost of producing a given quantity of coal has declined over the past five years.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q15:A

In parts of South America, vitamin-A deficiency is a serious health problem, especially among children. In one region, agriculturists are attempting to improve nutrition by encouraging farmers to plant a new variety of sweet potato called SPK004 that is rich in beta-carotene, which the body converts into vitamin A. The plan has good chances of success, since sweet potato is a staple of the region’s diet and agriculture, and the varieties currently grown contain little beta-carotene.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the prediction that the plan will succeed?

A. The growing conditions required by the varieties of sweet potato currently cultivated in the region are conditions in which SPK004 can flourish.

B. The flesh of SPK004 differs from that of the currently cultivated sweet potatoes in color and texture, so traditional foods would look somewhat different when prepared from SPK004.

C. There are no other varieties of sweet potato that are significantly richer in beta-carotene than SPK004 is.

D. The varieties of sweet potato currently cultivated in the region contain some important nutrients that are lacking in SPK004.

E. There are other vegetables currently grown in the region that contain more beta-carotene than the currently cultivated varieties of sweet potato do.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q16:C

Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

A. a greater proportion than it was

B. a greater proportion than

C. a greater proportion than they have been

D. which is greater than was so

E. which is greater than it has been

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q17:B

The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated at a Neanderthal campsite is just what is required to play the third through sixth notes of the diatonic scale—the seven-note musical scale used in much of Western music since the Renaissance. Musicologists therefore hypothesize that the diatonic musical scale was developed and used thousands of years before it was adopted by Western musicians.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis?

A. Bone flutes were probably the only musical instrument made by Neanderthals.

B. No musical instrument that is known to have used a diatomic scale is of an earlier date than the flute found at the Neanderthal campsite.

C. The flute was made from a cave-bear bone and the campsite at which the flute fragment was excavated was in a cave that also contained skeletal remains of cave bears.

D. Flutes are the simplest wind instrument that can be constructed to allow playing a diatonic scale.

E. The cave-bear leg bone used to make the Neanderthal flute would have been long enough to make a flute capable of playing a complete diatonic scale.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q18:E

It is illegal to advertise prescription medications in Hedland except in professional medical journals or by mail directly to physicians. A proposed law would allow general advertising of prescription medications. Opponents object that, in general, laypersons lack the specialized knowledge to evaluate such advertisements and might ask their physicians for inappropriate medications. But since physicians have the final say as to whether to prescribe a medication for a patient, the objection provides no grounds for concern.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether nonprescription medications can interact with and block the action of any prescription medications that could be advertised to the general public

B. Whether most prescription medication advertisements directed at the general public would be advertisements for recently developed medications newly available by prescription

C. Whether prescription medication advertisements directed at the general public would appear on television and radio as well as in print

D. Whether physicians are more likely to pay attention to advertising directed to the general public than to advertising directed to physicians

E. Whether physicians are likely to succumb to pressure from patients to prescribe inappropriate medications

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q19:B

Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but a bacterium that dwells in the mucous lining of the stomach.

A. not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but

B. not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but are by

C. caused not by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but by

D. caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but

E. caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but are by

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q20:B

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them

B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it

C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete

D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete

E. to complete them too 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q21:E

That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excavating of a 1,000-year-old Hohokam village in Tempe, Arizona, has nearly doubled the number of these artifacts known to exist.

A. That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excavating

B. Twenty-one ceramic dog figurines discovered at the excavation

C. Discovering twenty-one ceramic dog figurines at the excavating

D. Ceramic dog figurines, twenty-one of which were discovered during excavating

E The discovery of twenty-one ceramic dog figurines during the excavation

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q22:E

City Official: At City Hospital, uninsured patients tend to have shorter stays and fewer procedures performed than do insured patients, even though insured patients, on average, have slightly less serious medical problems at the time of admission to the hospital than uninsured patients have. Critics of the hospital have concluded that the uninsured patients are not receiving proper medical care. However, this conclusion is almost certainly false. Careful investigation has recently shown two things: insured patients have much longer stays in the hospital than necessary, and they tend to have more procedures performed than are medically necessary.

In the city official’s argument, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first states the conclusion of the city official’s argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.

B. The first is used to support the conclusion of the city official’s argument; the second states that conclusion.

C. The first was used to support the conclusion drawn by hospital critics; the second states the position that the city official’s argument opposes.

D. The first was used to support the conclusion drawn by hospital critics; the second provides support for the conclusion of the city official’s argument.

E. The first states the position that the city official’s argument opposes; the second states the conclusion of the city official’s argument.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q23:D

Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite images to tally deforested areas, where farmers and ranchers have clear-cut and burned all the trees, but such work has not addressed either logging, which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning down individual trees but do not denude the forest.

A. which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning

B. which removes only selected trees, or surface fires that burn

C. which removes only selected trees, along with surface fires that burn

D. removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning

E. removing only selected trees, as well as surface fires that burn

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q24:D

By sucking sap from the young twigs of the hemlock tree, tree growth is retarded by the woolly adelgid, causing needles to change color from deep green to grayish green and to drop prematurely.

A. tree growth is retarded by the woolly adelgid, causing needles to change color from deep green to grayish green and to drop

B. tree growth is retarded by the woolly adelgid, and this causes the color of needles to change from deep green to grayish green, and their dropping

C. the woolly adelgid retards tree growth, which causes needles to change color from deep green to grayish green, and dropping

D. the woolly adelgid retards tree growth, causing needles to change color from deep green to grayish green and to drop

E. the woolly adelgid retards tree growth, and this causes the color of needles to change from deep green to grayish green, and the their dropping

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q25 to Q28:

Recently biologists have been interested in a tide-associated periodic behavior displayed by the diatom Hantzschia virgata, a microscopic golden-brown alga that inhabits that portion of a shoreline washed by tides (the intertidal zone). Diatoms of this species, sometimes called “commuter” diatoms, remain burrowed in the sand during high tide, and emerge on the sand surface during the daytime low tide. Just before the sand is inundated by the rising tide, the diatoms burrow again. Some scientists hypothesize that commuter diatoms know that it is low tide because they sense an environmental change, such as an alteration in temperature or a change in pressure caused by tidal movement. However, when diatoms are observed under constant conditions in a laboratory, they still display periodic behavior, continuing to burrow on schedule for several weeks. This indicates that commuter diatoms, rather than relying on environmental cues to keep time, possess an internal pacemaker or biological clock that enables them to anticipate periodic changes in the environment. A commuter diatom has an unusually accurate biological clock, a consequence of the unrelenting environmental pressures to which it is subjected; any diatoms that do not burrow before the tide arrives are washed away.

This is not to suggest that the period of this biological clock is immutably fixed. Biologists have concluded that even though a diatom does not rely on the environment to keep time, environmental factors—including changes in the tide’s hydrostatic pressure, salinity, mechanical agitation, and temperature—can alter the period of its biological clock according to changes in the tidal cycle. In short, the relation between an organism’s biological clock and its environment is similar to that between a wristwatch and its owner: the owner cannot make the watch run faster or slower, but can reset the hands. However, this relation is complicated in intertidal dwellers such as commuter diatoms by the fact that these organisms are exposed to the solar-day cycle as well as to the tidal cycle, and sometimes display both solar-day and tidal periods in a single behavior. Commuter diatoms, for example, emerge only during those low tides that occur during the day.

----------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q25:A

The passage suggests which of the following about the accuracy of the commuter diatom’s biological clock?

A. The accuracy of the commuter diatom’s biological clock varies according to changes in the tidal cycle.

B. The unusual accuracy that characterizes the commuter diatom’s biological clock is rare among intertidal species.

C. The commuter diatom’s biological clock is likely to be more accurate than the biological clock of a species that is subject to less intense environmental pressures.

D. The commuter diatom’s biological clock tends to be more accurate than the biological clocks of most other species because of the consistency of the tidal cycle.

E. The accuracy of the commuter diatom’s biological clock tends to fluctuate when the diatom is observed under variable laboratory conditions.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q26:B

The author of the passage compares the relationship between an organism’s biological clock and its environment to the relation between a wristwatch and its owner most probably in order to

A. point out a fundamental difference between the function of biological clocks in organisms and the use of mechanical clocks by humans

B. illustrate the way in which the period of an organism’s biological clock can be altered by environmental factors

C. suggest that there are important similarities between the biological clock in organisms such as the commuter diatom and the biological clock in humans

D. support an argument regarding the methods used by certain organisms to counteract the influence of the environment on their biological clocks

E. question the accuracy of the biological clock in organisms such as the commuter diatom

----------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q27:B

According to the passage, the periodic behavior displayed by commuter diatoms under constant laboratory conditions is characterized by which of the following?

A. Greater unpredictability than the corresponding behavior under natural conditions

B. A consistent periodic schedule in the short term

C. No difference over the long term from the corresponding behavior under natural conditions

D. Initial variability caused by the constant conditions of the laboratory

E. Greater sensitivity to environmental factors than is the case under natural conditions

----------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q28:D

The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. dispute the influence of environmental factors on the tide-associated behavioral rhythms displayed by the diatom Hantzschia virgata

B. describe how certain tide-associated behavioral rhythms displayed by the diatom Hantzschia virgata have changed over time

C. compare tide-associated behavioral rhythms to solar-day behavioral rhythms in the diatom Hantzschia virgata

D. examine how certain biological and environmental influences affect the tide-associated behavioral rhythms displayed by the diatom Hantzschia virgata

E. identify certain environmental factors that limit the effectiveness of the biological clock in the diatom Hantzschia virgata

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q29:E

Faulty voting equipment, confusing ballots, voter error, and problems at polling places have been cited by a new study of the 2000 United States presidential election, which estimated that they did not count 4 million to 6 million of the 100 million votes cast.

A. Faulty voting equipment, confusing ballots, voter error, and problems at polling places have been cited by a new study of the 2000 United States presidential election, which estimated that they did not count 4 million to 6 million of the 100 million votes cast.

B. Citing faulty voting equipment, confusing ballots, voter error, and problems at polling places, a new study of the 2000 United States presidential election has estimated that 4 million to 6 million of the 100 million votes cast were not counted.

C. Citing faulty voting equipment, confusing ballots, voter error, and problems at polling places, 4 million to 6 million of the 100 million votes cast were not counted in the 2000 United States presidential election, a new study estimates.

D. A new study has cited faulty voting equipment, confusing ballots, voter error, and problems at polling places in estimating that 4 million to 6 million of the 100 million votes that were cast had not been counted in the 2000 United States presidential election.

E. A new study of the 2000 United States presidential election, citing faulty voting equipment, confusing ballots, voter error, and problems at polling places, has estimated 4 million to 6 million votes had not been counted of the 100 million votes cast.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q30:C

The ancient Anasazi harvested such native desert vegetation as the purple-flowered bee plant, what they now commonly call wild spinach in northern Arizona and other parts of the southwestern United States.

A. what they now commonly call

B. a plant that they now commonly call

C. now commonly called

D. and is mow commonly called

E. which it is now commonly called

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q31:A

Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since‗‗‗‗‗‗.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q32:D

To develop more accurate population forecasts, demographers have to know a great deal more than now about the social and economic determinants of fertility.

A. have to know a great deal more than now about the social and economic

B. have to know a great deal more than they do now about the social and economical

C. would have to know a great deal more than they do now about the social and economical

D. would have to know a great deal more than they do now about the social and economic

E. would have to know a great deal more than now about the social and economical

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q33:D

A company plans to develop a prototype weeding machine that uses cutting blades with optical sensors and microprocessors that distinguish weeds from crop plants by differences in shade of color. The inventor of the machine claims that it will reduce labor costs by virtually eliminating the need for manual weeding.

Which of the following is a consideration in favor of the company’s implementing its plan to develop the prototype?

A. There is a considerable degree of variation in shade of color between weeds of different species.

B. The shade of color of some plants tends to change appreciably over the course of their growing season.

C. When crops are weeded manually, overall size and leaf shape are taken into account in distinguishing crop plants from weeds.

D. Selection and genetic manipulation allow plants of virtually any species to be economically bred to have a distinctive shade of color without altering their other characteristics.

E. Farm laborers who are responsible for the manual weeding of crops carry out other agricultural duties at times in the growing season when extensive weeding is not necessary.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q34:E

Although people in France consume fatty foods at a rate comparable to the United States, their death rates from heart disease are far lower in France.

A. people in France consume fatty foods at a rate comparable to the United States, their

B. people in France and the United States consume fatty foods at about the same rate, the

C. fatty foods are consumed by people in France at a comparable rate to the United States’s, their

D. the rate of fatty foods consumed in France and the United States is about the same, the

E. the rate of people consuming fatty foods is about the same in France and the United States, the

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q35 to Q37:

In corporate purchasing, competitive scrutiny is typically limited to suppliers of items that are directly related to end products. With “indirect” purchases (such as computers, advertising, and legal services), which are not directly related to production, corporations often favor “supplier partnerships” (arrangements in which the purchaser forgoes the right to pursue alternative suppliers), which can inappropriately shelter suppliers from rigorous competitive scrutiny that might afford the purchaser economic leverage. There are two independent variables—availability of alternatives and ease of changing suppliers—that companies should use to evaluate the feasibility of subjecting suppliers of indirect purchases to competitive scrutiny. This can create four possible situations.

In Type 1 situations, there are many alternatives and change is relatively easy. Open pursuit of alternatives—by frequent competitive bidding, if possible—will likely yield the best results. In Type 2 situations, where there are many alternatives but change is difficult—as for providers of employee health-care benefits—it is important to continuously test the market and use the results to secure concessions from existing suppliers. Alternatives provide a credible threat to suppliers, even if the ability to switch is constrained. In Type 3 situations, there are few alternatives, but the ability to switch without difficulty creates a threat that companies can use to negotiate concessions from existing suppliers. In Type 4 situations, where there are few alternatives and change is difficult, partnerships may be unavoidable.
GWD1-Q35:C

Which of the following best describes the relation of the second paragraph to the first?

A. The second paragraph offers proof of an assertion made in the first paragraph.

B. The second paragraph provides an explanation for the occurrence of a situation described in the first paragraph.

C. The second paragraph discusses the application of a strategy proposed in the first paragraph.

D. The second paragraph examines the scope of a problem presented in the first paragraph.

E. The second paragraph discusses the contradictions inherent in a relationship described in the first paragraph.

-------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q36:D

Which of the following can be inferred about supplier partnerships, as they are described in the passage?

A. They cannot be sustained unless the goods or services provided are available from a large number of suppliers.

B. They can result in purchasers paying more for goods and services than they would in a competitive-bidding situation.

C. They typically are instituted at the urging of the supplier rather than the purchaser.

D. They are not feasible when the goods or services provided are directly related to the purchasers’ end products.

E. They are least appropriate when the purchasers’ ability to change suppliers is limited.

------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q37:D

According to the passage, which of the following factors distinguishes an indirect purchase from other purchases?

A. The ability of the purchasing company to subject potential suppliers of the purchased item to competitive scrutiny

B. The number of suppliers of the purchased item available to the purchasing company

C. The methods of negotiation that are available to the purchasing company

D. The relationship of the purchased item to the purchasing company’s end product

E. The degree of importance of the purchased item in the purchasing company’s business operations

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q38:B

Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of

B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double

C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled

D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, more than doubling that of

E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than double that of

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q39:C

Which of the following most logically completes the passage below?

Heavy rains during Centralia’s corn planting season prevented some farmers there from planting corn. It is now the planting season for soybeans, another of Centralia’s principal crops, and those fields originally intended for corn are dry enough for planting. Nonetheless, even though soybean prices are unusually high at present, the farmers will leave most of these fields empty rather than plant them with soybeans, since ‗‗‗‗‗‗.

A. the extensive rains have led to an increase in the price of corn

B. some Centralian farmers anticipate serious financial losses due to the extremely wet spring planting season

C. chemicals that were used to prepare the fields for corn planting would stunt the growth of soybeans

D. the majority of Centralia’s corn farmers were able to plant corn as they had intended, despite the wet planting season

E. many Centralian farmers grow both corn and soybeans

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q40:D

Until mow, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been available. Parents are reluctant to subject children to the pain of injections, but adults, who are at risk of serious complications from influenza, are commonly vaccinated. A new influenza vaccine, administered painlessly in a nasal spray, is effective for children. However, since children seldom develop serious complications from influenza, no significant public health benefit would result from widespread vaccination of children using the nasal spray.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Any person who has received the injectable vaccine can safely receive the nasal-spray vaccine as well.

B. The new vaccine uses the same mechanism to ward off influenza as jnjectable vaccines do.

C. The injectable vaccine is affordable for all adults.

D. Adults do not contract influenza primarily from children who have influenza.

E. The nasal spray vaccine is mot effective when administered to adults.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GWD1-Q41:C

Leaching, the recovery of copper from the drainage water of mines, as a method of the extraction of minerals, it was well established as early as the eighteenth century, but until about 25 years ago miners did not realize that bacteria take an active part in the process.

A. as a method of the extraction of minerals, it was well established

B. as a method of the extraction of minerals well established

C. was a well-established method of mineral extraction

D. was a well-established method of extracting mineral that was

E. had been a method of mineral extraction, well established

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Additional RC: (not counted in 41 questions)

RC1(Q4-Q6):
TTGWD-11-Q3: B
The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements regarding most historians of the antebellum period?

A. They have failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s. B. They have failed to see that political propaganda advocating women’s political involvement did not reflect the reality of women’s actual roles. C. They have incorrectly assumed that women’s party loyalty played a small role in Whig and Democratic party politics. D. They have misinterpreted descriptions of women’s involvement in party politics in records of female associations and women’s personal papers. E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the woman’s rights movement.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- C

RC4 (Q25 – Q28)

GWD18-Q23E
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the effect of the solar-day cycle on the tide-associated periodic behavior displayed by commuter diatoms?

A. The solar-day cycle makes this behavior less advantageous to the commuter diatoms at certain times of the year. B. The solar-day cycle makes this behavior somewhat more erratic. C. The solar-day cycle makes this behavior less important to the survival of the commuter diatoms. D. Because of the solar-day cycle, this behavior is forced to proceed at a more rapid pace at certain times during the 24-hour day. E. Because of the solar-day cycle, this behavior is not expressed at certain times during the 24-hour day.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ E
TTGWD11-QX: E
According to the passage, each of the following is characteristic of the tide-associated periodic behavior of commuter diatoms EXCEPT:

A. It is triggered when the diatoms are inundated by the tide. B. It is correlated with the rise and fall of the tide. C. It adjusts to changes in the tidal cycle. D. It is influenced by the solar-day cycle. E. It is regulated by an innate time-keeping mechanism.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ A…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Gmat Stuff

...numbers, we can deduce other proportions by simple Algebra. These results are often referred to by the names mentioned along each of the properties obtained.  - invertendo  - alternendo  - componendo  - dividendo  - componendo & dividendo EXPONENTS Exponents are a "shortcut" method of showing a number that was multiplied by itself several times. For instance, number  multiplied times can be written as , where  represents the base, the number that is multiplied by itself  times and  represents the exponent. The exponent indicates how many times to multiple the base, , by itself.  Exponents one and zero:  Any nonzero number to the power of 0 is 1. For example:  and  • Note: the case of 0^0 is not tested on the GMAT.  Any number to the power 1 is itself. Powers of zero: If the exponent is positive, the power of zero is zero: , where . If the exponent is negative, the power of zero (, where ) is undefined, because division by zero is implied. Powers of one:  The integer powers of one are one. Negative powers: Powers of minus one: If n is an even integer, then . If n is an odd integer, then . Operations involving the same exponents: Keep the exponent, multiply or divide the bases  and not  Operations involving the same bases: Keep the base, add or subtract the exponent (add for multiplication, subtract for division) Fraction as power: Exponential Equations: When solving equations with even exponents, we must......

Words: 15488 - Pages: 62

Free Essay

Gmat Awa Notes

...August 2005  PART ONE: This week we begin a new series on the Analytical Writing Assessment ("AWA") portion of the GMAT, otherwise known as "the essays." Because they do not feed into the overall score out of 800 (they are scored separately, on a scale of 6 points), they are often neglected. They do serve a purpose, though, and you need to take them seriously, even if they do not warrant the bulk of your study time. The essays are the first section of the exam. You have 30 minutes for each of two essays, for a total of one hour before the quantitative section begins. So if you do not write essays during at least one of your practice exams, you will probably find it surprisingly tiring the day of the exam when you have to head into the math section after an hour of writing. First, you should be aware of the two types of essay you will be required to write. One is known as "Analysis of Issue." The other is known as "Analysis of Argument." They demand different approaches and need to be understood in their particularities. Let's talk first about "Analysis of Issue." In "Analysis of Issue", you will given a statement (the "issue"). For example, "Responsibility for preserving the natural environment ultimately belongs to each individual person, not to government." (This is an actual GMAT topic and is property of GMAC which is no way affiliated with Manhattan GMAT.) Your task now is to decide whether you agree with the statement. There is no "right" answer to this: either......

Words: 3465 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Gmat Vocab

...GMAT 词汇精选单词 WORD 版(免费下载去广告完美版) List 1 单词 abdicate abnormal abolish absenteeism absorb abstract absurd abundant academic accelerate access accommodate accompaniment accord accordingly accountant accretion acc accrue accumulate accuracy accurate accustomed acquire acreage activate acute adapt addict addict additive adept adhere adjacent adjust administer administe admit adolescent adoption advent adverse advocate advocate aerodynamic 音标 [ 'æbdikeit ] [ æb'nɔ:ml ] [ ə'bɔliʃ ] [ æbsən'ti:izəm ] [ əb'zɔ:b ] [ 'æbstrækt ] [ əb'sə:d ] [ ə'bʌndənt ] [ ,ækə'demik ] [ ək'seləreit ] [ 'ækses ] [ ə'kɔmədeit ] [ ə'kʌmpənimənt ] [ ə'kɔ:d ] [ ə'kɔ:diŋli ] [ ə'kauntənt ] [ ə 'kri:ʃn ] [ ə'kru: ] [ ə'kju:mjuleit ] [ 'ækjurəsi ] [ 'ækjurət ] [ ə'kʌstəmd ] [ ə'kwaiə ] [ 'eikəridʒ ] [ 'æktiveit ] [ ə'kju:t ] [ ə'dæpt ] ['ædikt ] [ ə'dikt ] [ 'æditiv ] [ ə'dept ] [ əd'hiə ] [ ə'dʒeisnt ] [ ə'dʒʌst ] [ əd'ministə ] [ əd'mit ] [ ,ædə'lesnt ] [ ə'dɔpʃn ] [ 'ædvənt ] [ 'ædvə:s ] [ 'ædvəkeit ] [ 'ædvəkət ] [ ,ɛərəudai'næmik ] 释义 v.放弃,丢弃 adj.反常的 v.取消,废除 n.旷工,旷课 v.吸收;同化 adj.抽象的; n.摘要 adj.荒唐的 adj.大量的,丰富的;富裕的;多的 adj.学院的;学术的; n.学者 v.加速,促进 n.通路;接近(或进入)的权利;途径 v.供给(某人)住宿;使适应;考虑 n.伴奏 v.同意,一致; n.协议 adv.因此;相应地 n.会计人员,会计师 n.增长;增加物 vi.自然增长,自然产生 v.积累;堆积 n.准确(性),精确(性) adj.正确的;精确的 adj.习惯的,适应的 v.取得,获得 n.英亩数 v.使活动,激活 adj.灵敏的;严重的 v.(使)适合,适应 n.有瘾的人 v.使上瘾,使入迷 adj.附加的; n.添加剂 adj.精通的,内行的 v.粘附;遵守,坚持 adj.邻近的,毗连的 v.调节,改变…以适应 v.管理,执行;用药 v.承认;准许…进入 n.青少年; adj.青春期的 n.采用,采纳;收养 n.到来,出现 adj.逆的,不利的 v.提倡,支持 n.支持者,提倡者......

Words: 13699 - Pages: 55

Free Essay

Gmat

...hand, gives us y 5 12 when plugged into Statement (2). This means that 3y2 5 432, which is a multiple of 18. Here, we’ve satisfied the conditions of both statements with a value for y that is a multiple of 4. This would give us a “yes” answer to the question stem. “Sometimes yes, sometimes no” means that the information from the combined statements is insufficient. Choice (E) is correct. 27 Quant Mastery A Answers and Explanations 24. (A) What is the value of 7x 1 3y? (1) 56x 1 24y = 520 (2) 8x 1 5y = 79 and 40x 1 25y = 395 Step 1: Analyze the Question Stem To determine the value of 7x 1 3y, we would typically need two distinct linear equations that allow us to solve for the values of x and y. On the GMAT, however, we must always be aware that when the testmakers ask us for the value of an expression, they may give us a way to establish that value without knowing the individual values of the two variables. Step 2: Evaluate the Statements Using 12TEN Statement (1): We see that the coefficients 56 of x and 24 of y are each eight times the coefficients of the expression in the question stem. If we divide both sides of the equation 56x 1 24y 5 520 by 8, on the left side of the resulting equation we will have 7x 1 3y, and on the right side of the resulting equation we will have a number. Thus, we can solve for the value of 7x 1 3y, so this statement is sufficient. We can eliminate (B), (C), and (E). Statement (2): The two equations given in......

Words: 9319 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Gmat Word

...For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org WORDS FREQUENTLY APPEARING ON THE GMAT In your preparation for the GMAT, it is important that you become familiar with the meanings of as many words as possible. This is especially true for success on the Verbal Ability section of the test, but it is also necessary for better comprehension of Reading Comprehension, Reading recall, and Practical Judgment passage, where a few key words may hold the meaning of an entire paragraph. The vocabulary list presented here contains words that frequently appear on the GMAT and many terms that you may encounter in the course of the exam. Study it carefully to familiarize yourself with these words. Refer to it to check the meaning of any difficult words you may encounter in other parts of this Guide. Abase – to humiliate, degrade Abash – to bewilder, confound Abate – to remove, lessen Abdicate - to forsake, give up Aberration – deviation Abeyance – inactivity Abhor – to detest, hate Abject – degraded, miserable Abjure – to recant, revoke Abnegate – to deny, denounce Abominate – to dislike Abort – to be unsuccessful, fail to develop Abrade – to scrape out Abrogate – to abolish Abscond – to bolt, decamp, flee Absolve – to pardon Abstemious – eating or drinking sparingly Abstract – summary Abstruse – profound, hidden, hard to under-stand Accede - to consent Accessory – accomplice Acclivity – incline rising slope Accolade – honor, award Accord –......

Words: 6833 - Pages: 28

Free Essay

Gmat

...GMAT数学电子讲义 主讲:王 燚 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 [pic] GMAT数学备考关键词 一、知识点:准确掌握 二、词汇、表达法:读懂题目 三、熟练:平均两分钟一道题 考试相关问题 一、时间与题量 二、题型 三、机经与换题库 四、其它 If a and b are positive integers such that a – b and a/b are both even integers, which of the following must be an odd integer? (A) a/2 (B) b/2 (C)(a+b)/2 (D) (a+2)/2 (E) (b+2)/2 If M is the least common multiple of 90, 196, and 300, which of the following is NOT a factor of M? (A) 600 (B)700 (C) 900 (D) 2,100 (E) 4,900 复习注意事项 *战略上重视 *初等数学的思维 *解法力求稳妥清晰 *把握好DS题型 *熟练重于技巧 推荐复习步骤 *知识点查缺补漏 *背熟词汇 *复习课上所学 *OG,及其它相关资料 *机经:www.chasedream.com 第一章 算术 1. integer (whole number): 整数 * positive integer:正整数,从1开始,不包括0。 2. odd & even number 奇数与偶数 * 凡整数均具有奇偶性,如-1是奇数,0是偶数。 * 奇+奇=偶,奇+偶=奇… 若干个整数相乘,除非都是奇数,其乘积才会是奇数… 例: If a and b are positive integers such that a – b and [pic] are both even integers, which of the following must be an odd integer? (A)[pic] (B)[pic] (C) [pic] (D) [pic] (E) [pic] 3. prime number & composite number 质数与合数 * A prime number is a positive integer that has exactly two different positive divisors,1 and itself. * A composite number is a positive integer greater than 1 that has more than two divisors. * The numbers 1 is neither prime nor composite, 2 is the only even prime number. 4. factor(divisor) & prime factor 因子和质因子 * 一个数能被哪些数整除,这些数就叫它的因子(因数、约数)。 * 因子里的质数叫质因子(数)。 例1: If n=4p, where p is a prime number greater than 2, how many different......

Words: 2902 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Gmat

...Includes ~ ~ Online Access: 6 Computer Adaptive Practice Exams Number Properties See page 7 for details. Bonus Question Bank for 'Manhauan G MAT the new standard Learn using Superior Tools developed by Superior GMAT Instructors • Scored in 99th percentile on the GMAT • Selected by rigorous face-to-face audition •Trained 100+ hours before teaching • Paid up to 4x the industry standard The Manhattan GMAT Advantage: Sophisticated "If you're SERIOUSabout getting a GREATSCOREon the GMAT, you have to go with MANHATTAN GMAT." - Student at top 5 b-school Strategies For Top Scores produce GMAT and GMAC are registered trademarks of the Graduate Management Admission Council which neither sponsors nor endorses th"o :M.anhattanG MAT·Prep the new standard 1. DIVISIBIUTY & PRIMES In Action Problems Solutions 11 21 23 2. ODDS & EVENS In Action Problems Solutions 27. 33 35 3. POSITIVES & NEGATIVES In Action Problems Solutions 37 43 45 4. CONSECUTIVE INTEGERS InAction Problems Solutions 47 5S 57 5. EXPONENTS In Action Problems Solutions 61 71 73 PART I: GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS 6. ROOTS IrfActiort,;Problems So1utioQS 75 83 85 7. PEMDAS In Action Problems .Solutions 87 91 93 8. STRATEGIES FOR DATASUFFICIENCY Sample Data Sufficiency Rephrasing 95 103 9. OmCIAL GUIDE PROBLEMS: PART I Problem Solving List Data Sufficiency List 109 112 113 :M.anliattanG MAT'Prep the new......

Words: 29135 - Pages: 117

Free Essay

Gmat

...GMAT GRADUATE MANAGEMENT ADMISSION TEST McGraw-Hill’s 2008 Edition James Hasik Stacey Rudnick Ryan Hackney New York | Chicago | San Francisco | Lisbon London | Madrid | Mexico City | Milan | New Delhi San Juan | Seoul | Singapore | Sydney | Toronto Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. 0-07-151120-2 The material in this eBook also appears in the print version of this title: 0-07-149340-9. All trademarks are trademarks of their respective owners. Rather than put a trademark symbol after every occurrence of a trademarked name, we use names in an editorial fashion only, and to the benefit of the trademark owner, with no intention of infringement of the trademark. Where such designations appear in this book, they have been printed with initial caps. McGraw-Hill eBooks are available at special quantity discounts to use as premiums and sales promotions, or for use in corporate training programs. For more information, please contact George Hoare, Special Sales, at george_hoare@mcgraw-hill.com or (212) 904-4069. TERMS OF USE This is a copyrighted work and The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. (“McGraw-Hill”) and its licensors reserve all......

Words: 234594 - Pages: 939

Premium Essay

Gmat Syllabus

...Syllabus Manhattan GMAT Complete Course Contents Do a page a week → Page(s) Bird's Eye View......................................................................... 2 Do This Homework..................................................... 3 - 11 Try Easier Quant............................................ 12 - 20 Only do as needed or → wanted (and if you have time) Try Easier Verbal............................................ 21 - 29 Try Harder Quant............................................. 30 - 36 Try Harder Verbal............................................ 37 - 42 Try More IR.................................................... 43 Try More Essay............................................. 44 Page 1 of 44 Bird's Eye View of Class Attended In Class Quant Verbal Topics & Methods Sentence Correction Critical Reasoning Reading Comprehension Other IR / Essay Preparing for the GMAT Session 1 □ DS Methods & Computation Methods 2 □ FDPs 3 □ Algebra 1 4 □ Algebra 2 5 □ Word Probs 1 6 □ Word Probs 2 7 □ Geometry 8 □ Num Props 1 9 □ Num Props 2 Subj-Verb Parallelism Pronouns Arg. Structure Assumption Modifiers Verbs Evaluate Comparisons Str/Weaken Idioms etc. Evidence Short Long IR Basics Essay Review Assess Gameplan Build "Do This" Checklist At Home Quant FoM Odds After Session 1 2 3 4 5 6 x 7 x 8 x 9 x x x □ □ □ □ □ □ □ x x x x □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ x x □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ □ x x □......

Words: 10013 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Gmat

...Analysis of an Argument Questions for the GMAT® Exam This document contains all Analysis of an Argument questions used on the GMAT® exam. Each question is followed by this statement: Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to analyze the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion. The following appeared as part of an annual report sent to stockholders by Olympic Foods, a processor of frozen foods: “Over time, the costs of processing go down because as organizations learn how to do things better, they become more efficient. In color film processing, for example, the cost of a 3-by-5-inch print fell from 50 cents for five-day service in 1970 to 20 cents for one-day service in 1984. The same principle applies to the processing of food. And since Olympic Foods will soon celebrate its 25th birthday, we can expect that our long experience will enable us to minimize costs and thus maximize profits.” Discuss how well reasoned . . . etc. The following appeared in a memorandum from the business department of the Apogee......

Words: 15216 - Pages: 61

Free Essay

Gmat Idiom List

...GMAT Idiom List a debate over a lot a responsibility to a result of a sequence of agree with as an instance of as good as/or better than as great as as good as...or better than as much as attend to (someone) attribute X to Y/X is attributed to Y based on believe X to be Y both X and Y centers on concerned with conform to created with defined as depends on whether depicted as different from/differ from distinguishes between X and Y distinguish from doubt that either...or enable to fascinated by forbid X to do Y identical with in contrast to independent from indifferent towards modeled after (no) more...than/(no) less...than more than ever neither...nor not only...but also not so much...as prohibits X from doing Y potential to range from X to Y regard as regardless responsible for resulting in retroactive to so X as to be Y so (adjective) that subscribe to such...as the same to X as to Y to contrast X with Y to mistake X for Y to result in to sacrifice X for Y |A | | |able + infinitive |Tom is able to play the guitar with his toes. | |access to |Steve never has access to his dad's bank account. ...

Words: 1711 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Gmat

...GMAT数学词汇精选 A.算术 1.整数 |integer |整数 | |even |偶数 | |odd |奇数 | |divisor |除数 | |real number |实数 | |positive whole number |正整数 | |negative whole number |负整数 | |consecutive integer |连续的整数 | |quotient |商 | |multiple |倍数 | |remainder |余数 | |prime number |质数,素数 | |prime factor |质因子,质因数 | |composite number |合数 |  2.分数 |common factor ...

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Gmat

...700+ GMAT Problem Solving Probability and Combinations Questions With Explanations Collected by Bunuel Solutions by Bunuel gmatclub.com 1. Mary and Joe are to throw three dice each. The score is the sum of points on all three dice. If Mary scores 10 in her attempt what is the probability that Joe will outscore Mary in his? A. 24/64 B. 32/64 C. 36/64 D. 40/64 E. 42/64 Expected value of a roll of one dice is 1/6(1+2+3+4+5+6)=3.5. Expected value of three dices is 3*3.5=10.5. Mary scored 10 so the probability to have more then 10, or more then average is the same as to have less than average=1/2. P=1/2. Answer: B. Discussed at: http://gmatclub.com/forum/mother-mary-comes-to-me-86407.html 2. Denise is trying to open a safe whose combination she does not know. IF the safe has 4000 possible combinations, and she can try 75 different possibilities, what is the probability that she does not pick the one correct combination. A. 1 B. 159/160 C. 157/160 D. 3/160 E. 0 When trying the first time the probability Denise doesn't pick the correct combination=3999/4000 Second time, as the total number of possible combinations reduced by one, not picking the right one would be 3998/3999. Third time 3997/3998 ... And the same 75 times. So we get: [pic] every denominator but the first will cancel out and every nominator but the last will cancel out as well. We'll get 3925/4000=157/160. Answer: C. Discussed at:......

Words: 7620 - Pages: 31

Free Essay

Gmat

...GMAT 语法练习题精选 Part 1 The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit. ANS:the way is to do...; citrus是单数 Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in Brittany are nearly 2,000 years older than any of their supposed Mediterranean predecessors. ANS: as old as < older than; 看指代their表示megalithic monuments 6. In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism's attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant. ANS: attempt to/try to do重复 Lacking information about energy use, people tend to overestimate the amount of energy used by visible equipment, such as lights, that must be turned on and off and underestimate that used by unobstrusive equipment, such as water heaters. ANS: Astronomers at the Palomar Observatory have discovered a distant supernova explosion, one they believe to be of a type previously unknown to science. ANS: 10. However much united States voters may agree that there is waste in government that the government as a whole spends beyond its means, it is difficult to find broad support for a movement toward a minimal state. ANS: there be 直接排除; 主句有may; 宾从agree后that. 11. Using accounts of various ancient writers, scholars have painted a sketchy picture of the activities of an all-female cult that, perhaps as early as the sixth century B.C.,......

Words: 750 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Gmat

...Manhattan SIMPLE PRESENT general definitions SIMPLE PAST a specific, completed time period SIMPLE FUTURE Simple Tenses (In general, the GMAT prefers the simple tenses) express"eternal"states or frequent events future actions Progressive Tenses (ongoing,happening right now) Verbs that express general states do not normally take progressive forms Keep Verb Tenses Consistent, However, some sentences with more than one action do The Perfect Tenses: require you If an action began in the past and continues into to switch VERB verb tenses. the present (or its effect TENSE does ), use the Present (Meaning) Perfect tense. If one action in the past precedes another, and need to clarify or emphasize the time sequence, then use the Past Perfect tense. In a more subtle example, you can use the Past Progressive to describe a background event , while you use Simple Past to describe a more important event in the foreground .(语 义不在一个层级) PRESENT PROGRESSIVE PAST PROGRESSIVE FUTURE PROGRESSIVE Still In Effect… PRESENT PERFECT= HAVE/HAS + Past Participle the Present Perfect indicates either continued action or continued effect of a completed action. only to clarify or emphasize a sequence of past events. BUT if the sequence is already obvious, we often do not need Past Perfect. The Earlier A sequence of verbs with the same subject does not require Past Perfect. Rather, use Action(also indicate the......

Words: 1425 - Pages: 6