Premium Essay

Comparitive Study on Nationalised and Private Banks in India

In: Business and Management

Submitted By khyati90
Words 24450
Pages 98
Money lending in one form or the other has evolved along with the history of the mankind. Even in the ancient times there are references to the moneylenders. Shakespeare also referred to ‘Shylocks’ who made unreasonable demands in case the loans were not repaid in time along with interest. Indian history is also replete with the instances referring to indigenous money lenders, Sahukars and Zamindars involved in the business of money lending by mortgaging the landed property of the borrowers. Towards the beginning of the twentieth century, with the onset of modern industry in the country, the need for government regulated banking system was felt. The British government began to pay attention towards the need for an organised banking sector in the country and Reserve Bank of India was set up to regulate the formal banking sector in the country. But the growth of modern banking remained slow mainly due to lack of surplus capital in the Indian economic system at that point of time. Modern banking institutions came up only in big cities and industrial centres. The rural areas, representing vast majority of Indian society, remained dependent on the indigenous money lenders for their credit needs. Independence of the country heralded a new era in the growth of modern banking. Many new commercial banks came up in various parts of the country. As the modern banking network grew, the government began to realise that the banking sector was catering only to the needs of the well-to-do and the capitalists. The interests of the poorer sections as well as those of the common man were being ignored. In 1969, Indian government took a historic decision to nationalise 14 biggest private commercial banks. A few more were nationalised after a couple of years. This resulted in transferring the ownership of these banks to the State and…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Comparitive Study on Online Forums

...motion study    standard hours direct labor standard DefinitionSave to Favorites Method for establishing employee productivity standards in which (1) a complex task is broken into small, simple steps, (2) the sequence of movements taken by the employee in performing those steps is carefully observed to detect and eliminate redundant or wasteful motion, and (3) precise time taken for each correct movement is measured. From these measurements production and delivery times and prices can be computed and incentive schemes can be devised. Generally appropriate only for repetitive tasks, time and motion studies were pioneered by the US industrial engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) and developed by the husband and wife team of Frank Gilbreth (1868-1924) and Dr. Lillian Gilbreth (1878-1972). See also Taylorism. Read more: Time and motion study From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search A time and motion study (or time-motion study) is a business efficiency technique combining the Time Study work of Frederick Winslow Taylor with the Motion Study work of Frank and Lillian Gilbreth (the same couple as is best known through the biographical 1950 film and book Cheaper by the Dozen). It is a major part of scientific management (Taylorism). After its first introduction, time study developed in the direction of establishing standard times, while motion study......

Words: 4617 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Private Bank

...SECTOR IN INDIA * Introduction: Indian Banking Sector * Role of Banking Sector in Developing Economy (India) * Regulatory Body: RBI * Banking Regulation Act 1949 * Present Scenario * Future Aspect * Risk Involved * SWOT Analysis : Banking Sector in India 2.1 Banking Sector (India) In India the banks are being segregated in different groups. Each group has their own benefits and limitations in operating in India. Each has their own dedicated target market. Few of them only work in rural sector while others in both rural as well as urban. Many even are only catering in cities. Some are of Indian origin and some are foreign players. All these details and many more are discussed over here. The banks and its relation with the customers, their mode of operation, the names of banks under different groups and other such useful information are talked about. One more section has been taken note of is the upcoming foreign banks in India. The RBI has shown certain interest to involve more of foreign banks than the existing one recently. This step has paved a way for few more foreign banks to start business in India. * Central Bank: The Reserve Bank of India is the central Bank that is fully owned by the Government. It is governed by a central board (headed by a Governor) appointed by the Central Government. It issues guidelines for the functioning of all banks operating within the country. * Public Sector Banks a. State Bank of......

Words: 3923 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Evaluation and Structure of Commercial Bank in India

...EVALUATION AND STRUCTURE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN INDIA Vinod Raina, ACS, Company Secretary Anjani Technolast Limited, Noida Introduction In the earlier societies functions of a bank were done by the corresponding institutions dealing with loans and advances. Britishers brought into India the modern concept of banking by the start of Bank of England in 1694. In 1708, the bank of England was given the monopoly for the issue of currency notes by an Act. In nineteenth century various banks started operations, which primarily were receiving money on deposits, lending money, transferring money from one place to another and bill discounting. History of Banking in India: Banking in India has a very old origin. It started in the Vedic period where literature shows the giving of loans to others on interest. The interest rates ranged from two to five percent per month. The payment of debt was made pious obligation on the heir of the dead person. Modern banking in India began with the rise of power of the British. To raise the resources for the attaining the power the East India Company on 2nd June 1806 promoted the Bank of Calcutta. In the mean while two other banks Bank of Bombay and Bank of Madras were started on 15th April 1840 and 1st July, 1843 respectively. In 1862 the right to issue the notes was taken away from the presidency banks. The government also withdrew the nominee directors from these banks. The bank of Bombay collapsed in 1867 and was put under the......

Words: 2376 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

A Study on Mobile Banking Initiatives Taken by Reserve Bank of India(Rbi)

...2013-15 TERM II Term Paper On CORPORATE FINANCE A study on Mobile Banking initiatives taken by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to enable financial inclusion SUBMITTED BY A Naga Jyoti 1313009 Scope: This term paper envisages to study the major initiatives taken so far by Reserve Bank of India to enable financial inclusion using mobile device and the way forward to take the initiatives to the next level. Financial inclusion is the delivery of financial services at affordable costs to the disadvantaged and vulnerable segments of society. Indian banking sector has been facing severe challenges in bringing these under privileged sections of the society into the formal financial system.  More than 70% of the population, in India, live in the rural areas and these people do not have any access to organized banking facilities. Extending the financial services to these unbanked population is a major challenge to the banks as operating cost of providing the services to this population is much higher than the monetary value that is carried by their financial transactions. Several innovative measures have been initiated by RBI to drive growth in financial inclusion like: 1. No-Frills Accounts (NFAs): RBI encouraged the banks to review their existing practices to enable financial inclusion. Banks extended financial services to the unbanked households by opening “no-frills” account (NFAs) with nil or very low minimum balance. Banks have even relaxed Know your Customer......

Words: 2921 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

State Bank of India

...Evolution The origins of the State Bank of India can be traced back two hundred years to the establishment of the Bank of Calcutta. The keen interest shown by the directors of the bank in maintaining records found an echo in 1975 when R.K. Talwar, a former chairman of the State Bank, commissioned an account of the bank's evolution from its earliest days. Banking in those days was a far cry from what it is today-an unbiased, uniform system that has led to increased purchasing power across classes. At the time, even though the rupee was the unifying currency, there also existed a confusing array of coinage whose value could vary by the region. Besides the cowrie-sea shells brought in from the Maldives-were the sicca, the Arcot rupee, notes issued by various banks and copper, silver and gold coins that the British tried to introduce as a standard coinage. Only the wealthy Indians and the Europeans had any use for bank notes-for the greater part of the population even the lowly copper coin had a purchasing power beyond their day-to-day needs. Rates of interest, while regulated for the banks to a maximum of 12 per cent, were exorbitant for the peasants, labourers and artisans with 50 per cent being fairly standard. The organizational set-up had its own share of anomalies, with salaries far lower for Indians than Europeans. The highest an Indian could aspire to was the position of khazanchee, a thankless job whose responsibility was equal to that of the secretary and treasurer...

Words: 8300 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Private Commercial Bank in Bangladesh

...have also been plagued by identical loan default problems. The persistent default problems, the rapid increase in the level of outstanding loans, inefficient management, corruption among the bank officials and employees and the deterioration of customer services in the NCBs led the GOB to allow operations of private commercial banks in 1983. There has been mushroom growth of PCBs in Bangladesh during 1990s and there are now 30 PCBs, some of which are owned by the loan defaulters of the IDFIs and NCBs. The PCBs provide, apart from deposit taking activities and short term loans to borrowers. They also provide long term industrial loans to the borrowers but their long term lending activities are in no way as large as those of the NCBs. Regardless of their ownership in private hands and operational independence, PCBs suffer from a number of problems including high loan default which contributed to their failure to meet capital adequacy requirements. The amount of PCBs bad loan was Taka 41.47 billion in September 2003, and six PCBs have written off 90% of the total bad loans accrued until that time. It was reported that Pubali Bank written off Taka 1.63 billion , Uttara Bank Taka 3.24 billon, AB Bank Taka 1.32 billion, City Bank Taka 2.03 billion, Islami Bank Taka 1.35 billion and IFIC Bank Taka 2.98 billion. The PCBs are also plagued by insider lending. The directors of the PCBs not only obtain loans for their own enterprises but also get loans for their friends at low......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Comparative Study of Human Resource Management with Reference to Nationalize & Private Bank at Case Study of Icici and State Bank.

...COMPARATIVE STUDY OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WITH REFERENCE TO NATIONALIZE & PRIVATE BANK AT CASE STUDY OF ICICI AND STATE BANK. Ms Rajinder Kaur Bilkhu Assistant Professor(M K Ponda College of Business and Management,bhopal ABSTRACT The role of Human Resources is changing as fast as technology and the global marketplace. Historically, the HR Department was viewed as administration, kept personal files and other records, managed the hiring process, and provided other administrative support to the business. The challenge for HR managers is to keep up to date with the latest HR innovations—technological, legal, and otherwise. This report will give the information you need to know about these current HR challenges and how to most effectively manage them in your work place .Human resources is an increasingly broadening term with which an organization, or other human system describes the combination of traditionally administrative personnel functions with acquisition and application of skills, knowledge and experience, Employee Relations and resource planning at various levels. It is the responsibility of human resource managers in a corporate context to conduct these activities in an effective, legal, fair, and consistent manner. Human resource management serves these key functions., This paper Impact of Human Resource Management in Indian Banking Sector unfolds the key dimensions of HRM with a focus on ICICI Banks. This paper deals with the......

Words: 2114 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Comparitive Study

...achievement of the organization. From equity point of view, this method is more appropriate. Restructuring Job Hierarchy: Job evaluation helps in restmcturing job hierarchy. Job hierarchy refers to arranging various types of jobs in the order of their importance either on ascending basis or descending basis. Sometimes, job hierarchy becomes too lengthy creating administrative problems and creating organizational problems by increasing the number of levels in the organization. In today's context, more emphasis is being put on flat structure instead of tall one. Job evaluation exercise can be undertaken to reduce the number of job levels by merging closely related jobs together. For example, successive Pay Commissions appointed by Government of India have recommended reduction in number of pay scales by merging two or more scales into one in order to Reduce their number in job hierarchy. Overcoming Anomalies Job evaluation, if carried on periodically and objectively, helps in overcoming various anamolies which may develop in an organisation over the period of time with regard to compensation management. Knowles and Thomposon have identified that there are following anomalies and evils Which may develop in an organisation and may be overcome by job evaluation: 1. Payment of high wages and salaries to persons who hold jobs and positions not requiring great skill, effort and responsibility; 2. Paying beginners less than that they are entitled to receive in terms of what......

Words: 3054 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Coparative Analysis of Private Sector Banks and Public Sector Banks

...BANKING A bank is a financial intermediary that accepts deposits and channels those deposits into lending activities, either directly or through capital markets. A bank connects customers with capital deficits to customers with capital surpluses. Banking is generally a highly regulated industry, and government restrictions on financial activities by banks have varied over time and location. The current set of global bank capital standards is called Basel II. In some countries such as Germany, banks have historically owned major stakes in industrial corporations while in other countries such as the United States banks are prohibited from owning non-financial companies. In Japan, banks are usually the nexus of a cross-share holding entity known as the keiretsu. The oldest bank still in existence is Monte dei Paschi di Siena, headquartered in Siena, Italy, which has been operating continuously since 1472.[1] Contents • 1. History o 1.1 Origin of the word • 2. Definition • 3. Banking o 3.1 Standard activities o 3.2 Wider commercial role o 3.3 Channels o 3.4 Business model o 3.5 Products  3.5.1 Retail  3.5.2 Wholesale • 4. Risk and capital • 5. Banks in the economy o 5.1 Economic functions o 5.2 Bank crisis o 5.3 Size of global banking industry • 6. Regulation • 7. Types of banks o 7.1 Types of retail banks o 7.2 Types of investment banks o 7.3 Both combined o 7.4 Other types of banks History Banks date back to ancient times. During the 3rd century......

Words: 24071 - Pages: 97

Premium Essay

Csr in Private Banks

...Assignment on CSR Practices in Private Banks Submitted to Mr. S. S. M. Sadrul Huda Assistant Professor Business Administration Submitted by Name ID Md. Amir Khan 2012-1-10-206 Farjana Afrin 2012-1-10-203 Shuvro Protim Chondro 2010-3-10-087 MD Towfique Alahy 2012-2-30-049 Mahmuda Akter 2013-1-10-268 Table of Content Abstract This paper examines peoples understanding, services, expectations and assessment of the corporate social responsibility (CSR) of private banks, especially Dutch-Bangla Bank Ltd, Prime Bank, Unite Commercial Bank, Premier Bank, BRAC Bank are the largest private banks in Bangladesh. This study has been conducted among the stakeholders and beneficiaries of these private Bank Limited. An interview has been conducted using structured questionnaires to critically examine the subjective perceptions of the meaning, reasons and various aspects of CSR tasks of in Bangladesh. It has been found out that common people either do not have clear understanding about CSR activities or are not really concerned about the social responsibilities of the corporate organizations. The expected outcome of CSR activities, as has been stated in the memorandum and commitments of the corporate houses, has yet to be achieved. This study suggests that a more comprehensive and humane involvement of the common people in the CSR activities is required, which would not only fulfill the intended goals and objectives of the private banks but also......

Words: 7200 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Analytical Study of Npa of Three Nationalised and Three Foreign Banks

...| ANALYTICAL STUDY OF NPA OF THREE NATIONALISED AND THREE FOREIGN BANKS | | | Deep Majumder | Apeksha Shriyan | Non-performing Asset is an important parameter in the analysis of financial performance of a bank as it results in decreasing margin and higher provisioning requirements for doubtful debts. It affects the liquidity and profitability of the bank. The main objective of the present study is to find out the loop holes in the mechanism of controlling NPA. The data has been analysed by using tables and pie charts. The important point to be noted that if the level of NPA declines the profitability of the banks will increase. | INTRODUCTION The banking industry has undergone remarkable changes after the first phase of economic liberalization in 1991 and hence credit management. The primary function of the banks is to lend loans to various sectors such as agriculture, housing, personal and industry and to take deposits. Now the lending of the loans involves higher risk as there is always a risk of default involved. Now the present scenario of lending has changed as banks become more cautious about lending loans, the reason being the rising amount of non-performing assets. Earlier the Narasimham committee-I clearly pointed out that the reduced profitability of the banks are due to the NPA and thus recommended that it should be phased out. NON PERFORMING ASSET An asset, including a leased asset, becomes non- performing when it ceases to generate......

Words: 2637 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Private Banks of Bd

...Introduction: Banks are very old form of financial institution that channels excess fund from surplus unit to deficit unit in consideration of a price called interest. Banking business definitely established on a relationship of Debtor-creditor between the surplus unit called depositor and the bank and between the deficit unit called borrowers and the bank. Here, opportunity coast of money works as interest is considered the price of the credit. For the development of an economy, bank furnishes a huge contribution and modem economy can not be imagined without the service of bank. Economic development of a country requires a well organized, smooth, easy to reach and efficient saving-investment process. The function of a single bank is not limited to its geographical region only rather it has reached beyond the border of the country. So banking business has been shaped as global business and the rest other business greatly depend on the strength of banking business performance. The recent financial crisis showed many weaknesses within the on hand financial system across the world. This triggers many issues linking to the protection of banking institution against probable future non expected risks associated with periods of insecurity. Bank regulatory authorities are directly liable to evaluate the performance of each banking business to find out any flaw. Regulatory authority should have to sense any upcoming difficulties regarding the performance of the all......

Words: 4612 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Comparitive Study on Ulips

...A PROJECT REPORT ON “COMPARATIVE STUDY ON ULIPS IN THE INDIAN INSURANCE MARKET” FOR TATA AIG LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY LTD BY MISS DELNAAZ. PARVEZ. DOCTOR MBA SEMESTER III Project Guide “Prof Vaishampayam” In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement of the Two Year Full Time PGDM Programme Of the SMVIM, PUNE. AY 2007-08 PREFACE As an essential and obligatory part of my course, I have undergone two months summer training at Tata AIG Life Insurance Company Ltd, Pune. This training has helped me in getting the practical knowledge into the business environment. I got the knowledge about the Insurance industry. In this report I have said about the current position of the insurance sector in India. This report includes a deep study made on the ULIPs in the insurance market and its impact on the person’s income. 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS S.NO. 1. 2. CONTENTS Acknowledgement Certificate from the company Certificate from the college Introduction Company Profile Research Methodology Introduction to Insurance About ULIPs Distinction between ULIPs & Mutual Funds Comment on the Distinction Comparative Analysis of ULIPs( Tata AIG with others) Growth & Returns Fund Performance Overall Data Analysis and Findings Understanding the working of ULIPs of TATA AIG Market Survey on ULIPs of TATA AIG Integrated Financial Planning for Life Insurance Conclusion Recommendations Bibliography Questionnaire PAGE NO. 3 4 5 6 7-9 10 11-17 19-26 27-30 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.. 9...

Words: 10614 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

Measurement of Efficiency of Banks in India

...MP A R Munich Personal RePEc Archive Measurement of Efficiency of Banks in India Varadi, Vijay Kumar, Mavaluri, Pradeep Kumar and Boppana, Nagarjuna University of Hyderabad, India August 2006 Online at MPRA Paper No. 17350, posted 17. September 2009 / 09:11 Measurement of Efficiency of Banks in India 1 - Varadi Vijay Kumar , - Mavaluri Pradeep2 - Boppana Nagarjuna 3 Introduction: The opening up of the financial sector in 1990 followed by RBI’s reform program4 which intended to create an viable, competitive and efficient banking system in India had resulted in entry of many private banks both Indian as well as foreign banks and increase competition among the commercial banks in India. Between the years 1991-97 there ware a greater inflow of 21 foreign banks and 9 private banks in the Indian banking. In 1998 the Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) was raised to 9% (effective as March 2000) with government securities given a 2.5% risk weight to begin reflecting interest rate risk. On-site supervision of banks was introduced in 1995, and CAMELS system of annual supervision was introduced in 1997, and in 1998, RBI judged that this system can fully met 14 of the 25 Basel Core Principles of Supervision and was implementing compliance with the other 11 core principles. In this process, by 1997-98, most of the financial market was liberalized. In 1999, Vasudevan committee made an initiative to the beginnings of a......

Words: 6380 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Private Commercial Banks of Bd

...Jordanian Commercial Banks Ahmed Arif Almazari Department of Administrative Sciences- Finance Section, King Saud University E-mail:; Abstract This study attempted basically to measure the financial performance of some selected Jordanian commercial banks for the period 2005-2009. It is evaluatory in nature, drawing sources of information from secondary data. The financial performance of banks is studied on the basis of financial variables and ratios. In this paper an attempt was made to analyze the financial performance of seven selected Jordanian commercial banks using simple regression in order to estimate the impact of independent variable represented by; the bank size, asset management, and operational efficiency on dependent variablefinancial performance represented by; return on assets and interest income size. It was found that banks with higher total deposits, credits, assets, and shareholders’ equity does not always mean that has better profitability performance. It was also found that there exists a positive correlation between financial performance and asset size, asset utilization and operational efficiency, which was also confirmed with regression analysis that financial performance is greatly influenced by these independent factors. This study can be a source of help to bank managers to improve their financial performance and formulate policies that will promote effective financial system. The study also recommend......

Words: 8322 - Pages: 34