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Chronic Illness Leukemia

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Chronic Illness Leukemia
Latasha Antonio
SOC 313 Social Implication of Medical Issues
Instructor Sabrina Geoffrion
December 3, 2012

For the topic I want to force on is pediatric cancer. There are so many different kinds of cancer out there but I want just to limit my paper leukemia. I picked this topic because I have many of my family members that were lost a child to leukemia.
There are many questions that I had when one of my cousins was diagnosed with leukemia. The many questions that I had on mind was what was her social life going to be like, the emotional stress, lifestyle and the psychological perspective. The other question that was on my mind was is leukemia passed down thought the genes because this was my third cousin that had leukemia.
“Leukemia is cancer of the blood and develops in the bone marrow. The bone marrow is the soft, spongy center of certain bones that produces the three major blood cells: white blood cells to fight infection; red blood cells that carry oxygen; and platelets that help with blood clotting and stop bleeding. When a child has leukemia, the bone marrow, for an unknown reason, begins to make white blood cells that do not mature correctly, but continue to reproduce themselves. Normal, healthy cells only reproduce when there is enough space for them to fit. The body can regulate the production of cells by sending signals when to stop. With leukemia, these cells do not respond to the signals to stop and reproduce, regardless of space available” (2012 Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital). So when all these cells that are abnormal cells are reproducing a quick rate and do not function right as healthy cells do, it is hard for a child fight any infection. So when the healthy with blood cells are over crowed in the bone marrow, then the child will show signs of Leukemia.
As I look into more about leukemia I am seeing that this disease is an acquired genetic disease. This means that it is gene mutations and chromosome abnormalities in cells that occur sporadically and are not inherited from parents. Because this disease effect the with blood cells it also effect the immune system that helps the body fight infection. So when the immune system is alteration or damaged this increases the risk for a child developing leukemia. Some of the factors that can cause alteration or damage are exposure to certain viruses, environmental factors, chemical exposures, and various infections.
When it comes to a chronic illness in any person young or old that has leukemia has a lasting impact on both the child and the child’s family. Another big part of that can help influence how well a child will do in the long run is their behavior and emotional health. This depends on a few things like the age the child was diagnosis, current age, gender, and the life transitions they experience as a survivor.
For a young child they may understand the implication of leukemia to a lesser extent, than an older person would but they attend to adjust better. Even thought a child will adjust better that still will become socially withdrawn. So when a child misses time at school or a place where they meet new kids because they are in the hospital most the time there ability to make new friends and keep the friends they have are compromised. There are times that when other kids that my feel uncomfortable about being around them because of their medical condition and may treat them differently because they don’t understand the child’s medical condition.
So when it comes to an older child with leukemia they can better understand there disease but experience variety of though and emotions. With and older child that is sick with disease they may become depressed or anxious after treatment or while they are sick. As an adolescent they are more dependent on their caregiver and really don’t know how to independent like other teen.
The life style of a child with leukemia, there are some of the changes so their child does not get sick. The parents would have to balance rest, activities, avoid exposure to bacteria and viruses, maintain good hygiene, eat a healthy diet, and avoid vigorous activities.
As for the child physical well-being they may suffer many of these symptoms functional ability, strength, fatigue, pain, fertility, appetite, sleep and rest and their overall physical health. A child psychological well-being many have anxiety, depression, pain distress, fear of recurrence, cognition attention, and the overall perception of quality of life distress of diagnosis and treatment. Their social well-being of the child will cause family distress, appearance, isolation, role and relationships. The social well-being will also affect the family jobs because of the amount of time that they have to miss because their child is hospitalized many times. Also the family finances because they can’t work. The spiritual well-being of the child is the meaning of illness, religiosity, transcendence, hopefulness and the feel of uncertainty.
There are many opportunities for psychological because there are many benefits out there. One of the benefits that help put family at ease is that there are many people that are participating in trying to find a cure for cancer not just in children but also in adults. The main forces out in the world are with all the advancement in health care and all the studies that cancer in time will hopefully have a cure.

Reference: http://jpepsy.oxfordjournals.org/content/30/1/9.full http://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemiainchildren/index…...

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