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Ba186 Systems Analysis

In: Business and Management

Submitted By redrobin
Words 5158
Pages 21
CONTENTS
Executive Summary……………………………2
Introduction……………………………………..3
Problem Definition……………………………..3
Objectives……………………………………….4
Problem Scope………………………………...4
Problem Constraint………………………….…4
Methodology………………………………..…..5
Current System………………………………...6
Proposed System……………………….…......6 Context Diagram…………………...…..7 Diagram 0……………………………….8 Diagram 1……………………………….9
Diagram 2………………………………10
Diagram 3………………………………11
Diagram 4………………………………12
System Implementation………………………15
System Maintenance……………………….…15
System Modeling……………………………...16
Data Modeling………………………………….19
Object Modeling………………………………..20
Preliminary System Design…………………...21 Build or Buy……………………………..21 Screen Form Design…………………..22 Appendix………………………………………..28 Outline of interviews…………………...28 Allocation to Nearest School………….31 Annual Report Output………………….34
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The lack of appropriate budget allocation for the education sector is the main cause of annual problems in schools such as overcrowding, shortage of facilities, shortage of teachers, etc. This misappropriation happens all the time because the government has no reliable and concrete bases for the budgeting. They do not have access to information that would help them forecast the incoming number of enrolees for the next school year.
The proposed system will serve as a tool in the decision making for budget allocation and will not require a certain budget from the Department of Education. This will be done by allocating students to the nearest public school in their respective barangays and adjusting the figure to account for rates that might influence the determination of the number of students thus predicting in advanced the future demand for public education. The system will also show the physical capacity, amount of learning materials such as books and study aids and student-teacher ratio as well as their annual expenses in order to juxtapose the ideal needs of the school with the actual budget allocated for that certain school. From this system, the government will be able to suffice for the needs of the different public schools in the Philippines and be able to distribute and deliver quality education to our country’s youth. The proposed time frame allotted for project completion, from initiation to implementation, is 4 months. Data and requirement gathering are done during the first two weeks, system design on the following week, system construction and testing on the next succeeding eight weeks, then installation on the week after. Implementation and training will last for the weeks of 13-15. Maintenance will be indefinite. The budgeted cost for the development and operation of this system is Php 917,000.

INTRODUCTION
Shifting classes, overcrowded classrooms, and denial of admission--these are just some of the perennial problems being faced by the Department of Education here in the Philippines. This problem, despite years of existence, has never been solved completely due to lack of proper solutions. Apparently, what the authorities have been doing are short term attempts with the objective of gradual alleviation of those problems, one at a time.
According to Alliance of Concerned Teachers (ACT), the country needs an additional 61,343 classrooms to accommodate more than 21 million students this year in more than 45,000 public schools nationwide. ACT also said that to accommodate the students, most public schools schedule two, three, and sometimes even four shifts within the entire day, with 70 to 80 students packed in a room. Usually, the first class starts as early as 6 am to accommodate the other sessions. At present, the Philippines has the worst pupil-teacher ratio in Asia at 45:1, as the universal standard is pegged at 25:1, with a shortage of 49,699 public school teachers.

PROBLEM DEFINITION
Surely, the lack of appropriate budget allocation for the education sector is the root of all of those problems. Our government spends only 2.19 percent of its budget on education, according to official figures, well short of the 6 percent that educators say is optimal — despite a constitutional mandate to make education a priority. Moreover, according to the World Bank, the Philippines spends $138 per student per year. By comparison, Thailand spends $853 per student, Singapore spends $1,800 and Japan spends $5,000.
So why do these problems happen every year? The reason for this is because the government has no concrete bases for the budget allocation, that is, inefficient budgeting. Usually, their bases for the budget proposal would be that of last year’s which is, in the first place was inefficiently allocated for. The most important factor to consider is the target population—the student population, who will be gaining the most benefit in the form of quality education.
Moreover, there is no coordination among government agencies like Department of Education and National Statistics Office which would have been ideal for exchanging information and collaboration for the proper synchronization of the public school system and its sufficient funding. If there could only be coordination among those agencies, a better basis for budget planning that accounts for all the needs of the education sector would have been laid to the Congress by the Department of Education. Efficient budgeting for education could be done and this would eradicate other problems like insufficient books and school materials, facilities and high student-teacher ratios per public school.
OBJECTIVES
The consulting company aims to quantify the deficit in terms of physical facilities and equipment in public schools and predict in advance the annual demand for the institution. This will serve as the basis of the local units of the Department of Education in each city for budget requests and of Congress for allocating the budget for education among the public schools in the Philippines.

PROBLEM SCOPE
The system only intends to solve the problems caused by inefficient budget allocation by producing an accurate and good basis for funding. The system was not designed to address problems caused by political factors and issues other than the inefficiency of bases for budget allocation. Actual need for resources and not political influences will be considered in the prediction of future demand for our public schools.
The system will not produce a specific budget. Thus, it will not be requesting any monetary value but will only serve as a tool for an efficient and sufficient budget for the public school system. Allocation of budget for the public school system will still be done under the discretion of the Department of Education.

PROBLEM CONSTRAINTS
A successful project means it has met all its objectives; it has been delivered under budget and schedule; and it meets the stakeholders’ requirements. For the group’s proposed system, the time frame allotted for project completion, from initiation to implementation, is 4 months. It’s composed of data and requirement gathering on the first two weeks, system design on the third week, system construction and testing on the next succeeding 8 weeks, then installation on the 10th week, implementation and training for week 13-15, and maintenance for the succeeding weeks. For the economic feasibility, the budgeted cost for the development and operation of this system is Php 917,000. Stakeholders’ requirements are met if and only if the system has been proven to alleviate the problem.

METHODOLOGY
Prior to building the system, the problem should be clearly defined and all possible solutions on how to solve such must be discussed briefly. Research about the current public school system must be conducted. Descriptive method of research should be used because it describes with emphasis what actually exists such as current conditions, practices or any phenomena. Since the investigation was concerned with the present problems, that is, shifting classes, overcrowded classrooms and denial of admission in some of the selected elementary schools due to lack of physical facilities to accommodate the high demand for public education, this method is the most appropriate to use. This studies the problem and the project requirements in detail. Subsequently, data gathering part should take place to know the number of public schools, both high school and elementary per barangay in each city of the country. Existing documents are then collected from different entities such as The Department of Education, The Department of Social Welfare and Development and the respective public school per barangay. Student records, annual procurement plans, drop-out rates per level, retention rates per level, completion rate and a count of physical facilities per public school will be collected from the public schools while the roster of possible incoming public school enrolees per year, immigration rate, emigration rate and the ratio of private to public school students within the barangay will be coming from The Department of Education and The Department of Social Welfare and Development. All data will be verified through surveys and interviews.
Students are allocated to the public school located in their barangay. Given there is at least on public school which accommodates both elementary and high school in each barangay, it goes that all students who are residents of that barangay will be going to that school. In cases where in a certain barangay does not have either an elementary or high school institution, their students will be allocated to the nearest public school in the nearest barangay. All of the gathered data will be entered into a database managed by the respective public schools.
After the data gathering stage will be the system designing stage. In this stage, requirement statement will be developed to provide the hired developers with details about what the program should do. The requirement statement should list all the major details of the program to be developed. Context diagram should be included in the said requirements document. This diagram must be understood by all project stakeholders and thus should be written in plain language. Prototype should be made to ensure that any changes in the requirements can be easily implemented.
After system designing, system building can now take place. Actual coding of the program will occur along with the re-examination of the requirement statements needed to ensure that it is carefully followed. Three months will be allotted to this stage.
After the system is developed, it should now be implemented. During this phase, hardware and the software should be tested. Also in this phase, system users are trained for proper implementation and employment of the system through a proposed seminar that would brief them about the mechanics of the entire system. Maintenance and enhancements will be conducted every year to ensure quality and accurate results.

THE CURRENT SYSTEM

Existing Context Diagram

In the existing budgeting system, the officers of a school should submit an annual procurement plan to the division office/local DepEd. But still, the budget is given as a monthly allowance per school as determined by the local DepEd but does not mean that the budget asked for by each school is given on a monthly basis.

THE PROPOSED SYSTEM

Basically, the system involves four major processes: the determination of incoming enrollees in the barangay, the forecasting of the student population, computation of facilities, staff and learning materials needed and the generation of report.

• After determining the number of possible incoming enrollees per level, the student population will be forecasted from that information together with the school records and statistics.
• From the forecasted number of students, the number of facilities (chairs, classrooms, C.R.) available will be combined to calculate the needed number of facilities to accommodate the possible insufficiencies.
• The required number of facilities will be combined with the annual procurement plan to come up with the required budget to be put in the annual report.

Context Diagram

Diagram 0

Diagram 1

Diagram 2

Diagram 3

Diagram 4

FORECASTING THE NUMBER STUDENTS

Barangay/DSWD (Determining the number of possible incoming students)

• Data about public school enrolment, student population, student deaths, and immigration will be checked and verified through surveys for accuracy on their respective processes.
• Student death rate will be computed from the number of death incidence among students and total number of students. This will reduce the student population for the next school year.
• Public school enrolment rate will be computed from the total number of students studying in public school and total number of student population in the barangay.
• Immigration rate will be computed from information about number of immigrants that are students and total student population of the barangay. This will increase the student population for the next school year.
• Emigration rate will be computed from the number of student who emigrated and the total student population of the barangay. This will reduce the number of incoming students next year.
• The above rates will adjust the total student population of the barangay to come up with the total number of possible incoming students who will enrol for the next school year.
• The census data provided are updated after every three years thus will be adjusted yearly during the interval.

School (Forecasting the number of students)

• Data about enrolment, dropouts, retention, and graduation will be inputted in processes 1-4 respectively. Each will be checked and verified for accuracy.
• Dropout rate will computed from information regarding the total number of dropouts and the total number of enrolees from last school year’s records. The dropout rate will be subtracted from the preliminary/unadjusted forecast of the incoming students. The dropout rate will be used when more students will enrol next year and deciding to add school facilities will be considered. It will also be used to predict the student population at the end of the school year.
• Retention rate will be computed from the total number of retained students and the total number of students at the end of the school year. This will be used when by grade level and year level determination of population is done. The number of students retained will be added to the level in which they are retained and subtracted from the level in which they should be promoted to.
• Completion rate will be computed from the total number graduates and the total number of graduating students based on the last year’s records. This will be used to predict the number of students who will remain in the school for the next year.
• The student population level will be derived from the total number of enrolees less the number of dropouts. It will be updated on the database whenever a dropout occurs.
• The above rates will be combined to the total number of possible incoming students to come up with the forecasted student population per level.
• The data provided by the school will be updated in the school’s database. Also, the information such rates and ratios that will be used for the forecasting is based on the school’s last year’s records.

FACILITIES, STAFF & LEARNING MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS FORECASTING

• Data regarding the number of classrooms, chairs, comfort rooms, teachers, non-teaching staff and books will each be checked and verified for accuracy.
• Facilities. Given the forecasted number of students and the number of classrooms, chairs, and comfort rooms available, the number of classrooms, chairs, and comfort rooms needed could be computed.
• Staff. Given the forecasted number of students and the current number of teachers and non-teaching staff, the number of teachers and non-teaching staff needed could be computed.
• Learning Materials. Given the forecasted number of students per level and the current number of books, the number of books needed per level can be computed.
• Then, all of the above requirements will be summarized and aggregated to be passed on the next process.
• Just like the student records, the information used on the forecasting of the requirements is based on the previous school year. It will also be updated in the school’s database.

PRODUCING THE REPORT

• The Annual Procurement Plan of the school will be analyze to derive the estimated expenses that will be incurred by the school.
• The forecasted number of enrolees, teachers, facilities, staff and learning materials requirements will also be listed to derive a roster of the said requirements.
• These data will be combined and compiled to make a final Annual Report. The Annual Report will be submitted to the local unit of the Department of Education in the barangay. This will then serve as an aid in the allocation of the budget for our public school system

SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION The proposed system will be implemented through pilot initiation. The system will be implemented in certain locations in respective public schools for initial launch of the system. If no loopholes develop, installation in all local units of the Department of Education in the Philippines shall push through. Prior to installation, seminars will be conducted per region to train and brief system users about the mechanics of the system.

SYSTEM MAINTENANCE AND ENHANCEMENT Gathered and stored data must be maintained and protected because this information plays vital roles for the system to work. With that, system maintenance is required. Three general recommendations that we propose are:
• Data backup
• Malware management
• File system maintenance
The use of a data backup is to create a copy, so you have recourse to the backup if anything should happen in the original file. In case of unintentional deletion, a copy could be retrieved. System owners will have a choice whether to provide a CD writer or an external drive for data backup. Malware includes viruses, worms, trojans, etc. Malware refers to any code, script or software that has effects intended/unintended to the user. This is important especially for risk and file destruction avoidance. For malware management, having antivirus software helps in protecting the files and data. It is recommended to update antivirus software regularly. File system maintenance includes checking if sufficient free space is available; regularly checking the file system for errors, defragment the file system when it is known to be error free. Doing these improves survivability, maintainability, and recoverability of the file system and its data. Moreover, this system needs update every year for new enrolees, and up to date school needs. On the other hand, census data are updated every three years for new or change of inhabitants in a specific area. System maintenance is important to keep the performance of the system. Regular updates and maintenance is useful in evaluation of the system through time so if there are improvements needed, immediate actions could be taken. After successful implementation of the system, an enhancement for the existing system could be proposed. This web-based enhancement will interlink public schools to the respective local Department of Education units they belong to as well as with each other for easy transfer, access and processing of student records, transcripts and other databases. This sharing of data will make the transfer of students to different school easier.

SYSTEM MODELING

General Operating Budget Project Time Frame: 15 weeks System Development Expenditures Data and Requirements Gathering 11,000 System Developer fee 150,000 Desktop computer 540,000 Consultants & professional fees 120,000 Total 821,000 Operating and Maintenance Expenses Training Expense 15,000 Maintenance cost 81,000 Total 96,000 Total Operating Expenses 917,000

Breakdown I. Data and Requirement Gathering
Survey/ school (26) 250 6500
Survey/ barangay (16) 250 4000
Interview local DepEd 250 250
Interview DSWD 250 250 11,000 II. System Design
System Designers 120,000 III. Construction, Testing and Installation
3 programmers (50k each) 150,000 VI. Implementation (Desktop Computers)
Per school (26) 20,000 520,000
Local DepEd 20,000 20,000 540,000 VII. Training 15,000 VIII. Maintenance
Per School (26) 3,000 78,000
Dep Ed 3,000 81,000

The budget covers for only the implementation and installation in the city of Marikina. Data gatherers and encoders were the system designers as well. If this will be implemented in the whole Philippines, data gathering, construction and implementation costs will vary with the number of schools per barangay, number of barangays, number of data gatherers hired and number of programmers. Surveys will also include inquiry of computer equipment per school so that system owners will know which school still need to be provided computer sets. Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11 Week 12 Week 13 Week 14 Week 15 Indefinite
System Development Stage
Data & Req. Gathering
System Design
Construction & Testing
Installation
Operation and Maintenance Stage
Implementation & Training
Maintenance

Gantt Chart
DATA MODELING
Entity-Relationship Diagram

OBJECT MODELING

A. DATABASE REQUIREMENT
Our system would require the following data that will be put into our database. These are: DATABASE 1 - Total number of incoming students
a. Student population level
b. Death records
c. Immigration
d. Emigration

DATABASE 2 – Forecasted Student Population
a. Enrollees
b. Dropouts
c. Retained Students
d. Graduates

DATABASE 3 – Facilities, Staff, and Learning materials
a. Facilities
b. Staff
c. Learning materials

B. Data dictionary
Student population Number of students per level + name + grade level + age
Death records Name + age + address
Past enrollment record Student number + name + grade level
Immigration Name + age + address
Emigration Name + age + address
Enrollees Name + age + grade level + address
Dropouts Student number + name + grade level
Retained Students Student number + name + grade level
Graduates Student number + name + grade level
Facilities Number of classrooms + bathrooms + libraries + offices
Learning materials Books per year level
Staff Name + hourly wage + labor hours

PRELIMINARY SYSTEM DESIGN
Build-or-Buy Decision

Cost/Benefit Analysis Build Buy
What it means to build/buy • Building a system starts from scratch.
• It is a custom built solution. • A complete or partially complete provided by a vendor or external entity.
Cost Building cost would include:
• Data gathering
• system analysis & design
• construction
• testing
• Installation
• Implementation
• Training • License
• Customization costs (if any)
• Installation and Implementation
• Training
Benefit
• Focus on system user requirements
• Innovation may give firm competitive advantage
• In-house staff to maintain software
• Time-saving
• Often lower initial cost
• Already in use by other firms.

The Public School Decision Support System is not yet available in the market. Building the system is the best option because of its efficiency to respond to the specialized system needs. We could add, delete, or modify segments necessary to the business requirements.

Screen Form Design

Local DepEd’s Interface
APPENDIX A

Outline of Interviews done by the group:
July 19, 2010

i. Sta. Elena HS (Dist. 1)
• Principal: Mrs. Victoria D. Naranja
• Secretary: Diane Alonzo at 6469793
• Problems: Many students come from nearby cities

ii. Baraggay hall (SSS village)
• Sec. Exequiel G. Alikpala
• Same problem: Maraming taga-Antipolo
• REVELATION: Some fake their addresses just to be admitted.

iii. SSS Village Elementary School
• Principal: Augusto Mendoza
• Annual Procurement Plan
- Applied annually for budget request which includes # of students, furniture needs, teachers, rooms, etc.
• Budget could come from the Congress or from the School Board (depending on approval)
• Php 50,000 monthly for maintenance and other operating expenses (amount depends on student population) used for test papers, utilities (electric and water bills, repair, paints) and training expenses for teachers whenever there are seminars.
• Overcrowded (55:1, student-classroom ratio) ideally, it’s 45:1  also applies to student-teacher ratio.
• They have enough seats for everyone and books are 1:1 

iv. Sta. Elena HS (Dist. 1)
• Principal: Mrs. Victoria D. Naranja
• Secretary: Diane Alonzo at 6469793
• Problems: Many students come from nearby cities

v. Baraggay hall (SSS village)
• Sec. Exequiel G. Alikpala
• Same problem: Many students come from nearby cities
• REVELATION: Some fake their addresses just to be admitted.

vi. SSS Village Elementary School
• Principal: Augusto Mendoza
• Annual Procurement Plan
- Applied annually for budget request which includes # of students, furniture needs, teachers, rooms, etc.
• Budget could come from the Congress or from the School Board (depending on approval)
• Php 50,000 monthly for maintenance and other operating expenses (amount depends on student population) used for test papers, utilities (electric and water bills, repair, paints) and training expenses for teachers whenever there are seminars.
• Overcrowded (55:1, student-classroom ratio) ideally, it’s 45:1  also applies to student-teacher ratio.
• They have enough seats for everyone and books are 1:1 

APPENDIX B
Table showing proximities of the public schools from each other which will aid in the allocation of student per barangay
Elementary School Nearest to Farthest High School
Barangka Elementary School Tanong High School Sta. Elena High School Marikina Science High School Concepcion High School Concepcion Integrated High School Marikina High School Marikina Heights High School Parang High School Nangka High School
L. Victorino Elementary School Tanong High School Sta. Elena High School Marikina Science High School Concepcion High School Concepcion Integrated High School Marikina High School Marikina Heights High School Parang High School Nangka High School
Kalumpang Elementary School Tanong High School Marikina Science High School Concepcion High School Concepcion Integrated High School Marikina High School Marikina Heights High School Parang High School Nangka High School
Malanday Elementary School Concepcion High School Concepcion Integrated High School Marikina High School Tanong High School Sta. Elena High School Marikina Science High School Marikina Heights High School Parang High School Nangka High School
Industrial Valley Elementary School Tanong High School Marikina Science High School Sta. Elena High School Concepcion High School Concepcion Integrated High School Marikina High School Marikina Heights High School Parang High School Nangka High School
Marikina Elementary School Marikina Science High School Sta. Elena High School Tanong High School Concepcion High School Concepcion Integrated High School Marikina High School Marikina Heights High School Parang High School Nangka High School
Sto. Nino Elementary School Sta. Elena High School Marikina Science High School Concepcion Integrated High School Marikina High School Concepcion High School Tanong High School Marikina Heights High School Parang High School Nangka High School
San Roque Elementary School Marikina Science High School Sta. Elena High School Tanong High School Concepcion Integrated High School Marikina High School Concepcion High School Marikina Heights High School Parang High School Nangka High School
Concepcion Integrated Elementary School Concepcion Integrated High School Marikina High School Concepcion High School Marikina Heights High School Sta. Elena High School Marikina Science High School Tanong High School Parang High School Nangka High School
H. Bautista Elementary School Concepcion Integrated High School Marikina High School Concepcion High School Marikina Heights High School Sta. Elena High School Marikina Science High School Tanong High School Parang High School Nangka High School
Elementary School Nearest to Farthest High School
Concepcion Elementary School Concepcion High School Concepcion Integrated High School Marikina High School Marikina Heights High School Sta. Elena High School Marikina Science High School Tanong High School Parang High School Nangka High School
SSS Village Elementary School Marikina Heights High School Marikina High School Concepcion Integrated High School Concepcion High School Parang High School Marikina Science High School Sta. Elena High School Tanong High School Nangka High School
Kapitan Moy Elementary School Marikina Heights High School Marikina High School Concepcion Integrated High School Concepcion High School Parang High School Marikina Science High School Sta. Elena High School Tanong High School Nangka High School
Parang Elementary School Parang High School Marikina Heights High School Nangka High School Marikina High School Concepcion Integrated High School Concepcion High School Marikina Science High School Sta. Elena High School Tanong High School
Nangka Elementary School Nangka High School Parang High School Marikina High School Concepcion Integrated High School Concepcion High School Marikina Heights High School Sta. Elena High School Marikina Science High School Tanong High School
St. Mary Elementary School Nangka High School Parang High School Marikina High School Concepcion Integrated High School Concepcion High School Marikina Heights High School Sta. Elena High School Marikina Science High School Tanong High School
Fortune Elementary School Parang High School Marikina Heights High School Marikina High School Concepcion Integrated High School Nangka High School Concepcion High School Marikina Science High School Sta. Elena High School Tanong High School

APPENDIX C
Annual Report Submitted to the local DepEd unit per barangay
Division of Marikina City
Marikina District II
SSS VILLAGE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Lilac St., SSS Village Concepcion Dos, Marikina City Operating and Maintenance Expenses Fiscal Year 2011 I. UTILITIES EXPENSE Item No. Commodity Unit of Measure Qty 1 Electricity 2 Water 3 Gas 4 Telephone 5 Internet II. STAFF MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT Item No. Commodity Unit of Measure Qty 1 Training Materials Per head 20 2 Honorariums Per head 5 III. INSTRUCTION Item No. Commodity Unit of Measure Qty 1 Paper Mimeo Ream 480 2 Staple Wire Box 40 3 Lesson Plans Piece 150 4 School Register Piece 50 5 Blackboard Eraser Piece 50 6 Chalk Box 130 7 Production of Test Papers Tube 80

IV. REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE Item No. Commodity Unit of Measure Qty 1 Cement Bag 50 2 Gravel Cubic 5 3 Garden Soil Cubic 1 4 Thinner Gal. 4 5 Electric Sockets Piece 50 6 CFL Bulbs Piece 65 V. OFFICE Item No. Commodity Unit of Measure Qty 1 Stamping Dater Piece 1 2 Computer Ink Piece 25 3 Brown Envelope Pack/100 4 4 Data Folder Piece 100 5 Masking Tape Roll 20 VII. OTHER EQUIPMENT Item No. Commodity Unit of Measure Qty 1 Grass Shear Piece 1 2 Hot & Cold Dispenser Piece 2 VIII. FURNITURES Item No. Commodity Unit of Measure Qty 1 Computer Chair Piece 5 2 Steel Filing Cabinet Piece 10 IX. SALARIES AND WAGES Item No. Commodity Unit of Measure Qty 1 Administration Salary Per head 5 2 Faculty Salary Per head 5

Physical Capacity Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Section A Section B Section A Section B Section A Section B Section A Section B Section A Section B Section A Section B
Chairs 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40
Teacher 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Books 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Total
Total No. of Chairs 80 80 80 80 80 80 480
Total No. of Teachers 2 2 2 2 2 2
Total No. of Sets of Books 80 80 80 80 80 80
Immigration Rate 3% 2% 3% 2% 3% 3%
Emigration Rate 2% 4% 2% 4% 2% 2%
Drop-out Rate 4% 5% 3% 5% 4% 4%
Death Rate 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1%
Retention Rate 5% 4% 4% 5% 6% 4%
Failing Rate 1% 2% 3% 4% 5%
Private School Students Rate 10% 11% 11% 10% 12% 10%

Forecasted No. of Enrollees Next School Year
Grade 1
No. of Possible Incoming Students 100 110 100 100 100 110
Less: Private School Students Rate 10 12 11 10 12 11
Total No. of Possible Public School Enrollees 90 98 89 90 88 99
Add: Immigration Rate 3 2 3 2 3 3
Add: Retention Rate 5 4 4 5 5 4
Less: Number of Retained in previous -11 -10 -8 -11 -16
Less: Drop-out Rate -3.6 -5 -3 -5 -4 -4
Less: Death Rate -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1
Less: Emmigration Rate -2 -4 -2 -4 -2 -2
Forecasted No. of Enrollees Next School Year 91 83 80 79 79 83 495 Deficit in total number of chairs (495 - 480) 15
Deificit in number of set of books 11 2 3…...

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