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Australian Aid

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Purr
Words 532
Pages 3
Aid is assistance given to promote economic growth and improve living standards in developing countries, through funding or services and programs. There are 3 main types of aid: bilateral aid, multilateral aid and non-government aid. Bilateral aid can be defined as the assistance given directly from the government of a developed country to the recipient developing country, whereas multilateral aid, which is also provided by governments, is channelled through international institutions such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. Non-government aid is provided by NGOs e.g. Red Cross & world vision, usually through public donations. Australia’s government aid is administered by the Australian agency for International Development (AusAID). Each type of aid is focused on a slightly different area: bilateral aid is generally targeted towards health, education and training programs, technological support, building infrastructure, emergency food and basic supplies i.e. shelter, medicine & clothing during crises; NGOs aim to make communities more self-sufficient and ecologically sustainable and multilateral aid is used to fund emergency relief projects, large scale infrastructure, disease control and large scale health, education and training programs. Overall Australian aid is spent equally on good governance, education, rural development, health and infrastructure. Australian aid programs also assist countries to make use of globalisation (new information technologies and trade) and promote sustainable resource management.

Each year, Australian government aid is able to help more than 58 million people living in poverty. The Asia-Pacific region is one of the most concentrated regions of poverty in the world (800 million people are living on less than $2 a day) – countries in this region are the main recipients of Australia's aid –…...

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