Free Essay

Analyzing and Improving Test Using Statistics

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mamcca2269
Words 1678
Pages 7
Analyzing and Improving a Test Using Statistics
Maurice Isaiah McCall

Hypothetical Psychology Test
This hypothetical psychology test consisted of five test questions. These test items and questions were not unambiguous and there were no evidence of instructions or explanations given for either test question. In our text it was mentioned there were several steps the admitter need to take before administering, analyzing and improving a test or assessment. There was no evidence these test questions were constructed and that it matched any objective. However the guidelines for packaging the test states [items need to be in a similar format, grouped together, test items need to be arranged from easy to hardest, have items properly spaced as well as checking for directions, clarity and proofreading the test before it is reproduced and distributed]. (Kubiszyn & Borich, p. 223 & 224). It is very obvious these test questions lack validity and were poorly written, these test questions were more in line with the intended audience partaking in a survey. A survey question refers to the quantitative research or a statistical survey, for the sole purpose of collecting quantitative information about the general population or a product. Each of these test questions contained its own set of problems and uniqueness about them. For example every given answer had an asterisk mark beside of it and for any test taker this is a distraction, and the test itself was not formatted or lined up. A well-constructed test question is generally administered as a descriptive question, informal question or relational question, which is used to describe the subsistence of something. The informal question requires more than one outcome variables. The relational looks at the relationship essentially between genders.
In my report I will discuss item response theory for analyzing test data, scoring test, based on mathematical testing data to improve on high stakes testing and conditions on both quantitative and qualitative item analysis. I will discuss the functions and effectiveness of the hypothetical psychology test to understand the analyzation and the order for the test. In this paper I will calculate the mean score for each question, mean score for the entire test and a graph that represents the scores for each question in the form of mathematics and measurements that represent the outcomes on a visible scale.
The report is broken down by the number of students and how each student scores on their test.
The students test scores were broken down my each question one at a time. Each test item yielded two points each based on the student answers being right or wrong. According to the text book when creating test it was suggested that you allow yourself plenty of time to write, review and correct any miskeyed items.
The Mean Score for Each Question:
Kubiszyn & Borich, states the means has three characteristic that is measured for the central tendency most frequently used are means, median and mode (p 280). In this report the letter (M) will represent the means for this report. For this report I am using the arithmetic mean by adding the numbers and dividing the sum by the number in the data listed below in the charts. The first question provided had five questions each of the questions had a total based upon ten students.
Question one had a total of 18
Question two had a total of 14
Question three had a total of 2
Question four had a total of 20
Question five had a total of 2 the grand total 56. The total was divided by the 5 questions for each item then the mean score is 11.2.
The Mean Score for the Entire Test:
The mean score is the average of what each student could possibly have scored on each test question. The entire test was calculated to find the average for each test question and the sum then was divided by the number of students and the number of questions. This test contained five questions worth a possible two points each for a total of ten students, which was calculated for a total of 20 points per question. I multiplied 20 (twenty) by the number of students 10 (ten) so the total possible points earned would be a score of 100(one hundred) for all answers correct so for answering all parts of the question for 1 question you could earn 20 points. After analyzing data, below are the report results for the mean score total and the sum of all the correct answers divided by 100. After carefully keying in the scores for an average of each question per student I used my Microsoft excel spread sheet to help calculate the total numbers, to find the average and grand total for me. To get the calculated mean score all of the scores were added then divided by the number of scores to get the mean data.
To get the average of all students’ scores; the scores were added up and divided by the number of scores that were listed in each column.
The advantage of the mean will reflect the value of all the scores in distribution and many statistical properties. However the disadvantage of the mean usually is not an actual score in the distribution, it can be misleading and skewed. The advantage of the range is easy to calculate, the use of the entire distribution or data. The disadvantage of the range will depend on two scores and there for is not reliable.

Two types of Graphs that Represents Students Scores:

| Question1 | Question 2 | Question 3 | Question 4 | Question 5 | | Student 1 | 2 | 2 | 0 | 2 | 0 | 1.2 | Student 2 | 2 | 2 | 0 | 2 | 0 | 1.2 | Student 3 | 2 | 0 | 0 | 2 | 0 | 0.8 | Student 4 | 2 | 2 | 0 | 2 | 0 | 1.6 | Student 5 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | Student 6 | 2 | 0 | 0 | 2 | 0 | 0.8 | Student 7 | 2 | 2 | 0 | 2 | 0 | 1.2 | Student 8 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 2 | 0 | 0.4 | Student 9 | 2 | 2 | 0 | 2 | 0 | 1.2 | Student 10 | 2 | 2 | 0 | 2 | 0 | 1.2 | Total Score | 90 | 70 | 10 | 100 | 10 | | Average of all scores | | | | | 1.16 | |
Means Score {for each test question}

B | C | D | E | F |

1.8 | 1.4 | 0.2 | 2 | 0.2 |

Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis:
Kubiszyn & Borich, mentioned, quantitative item analysis is a technique that will enable us to assess the quality of utility of an item (p.228). This refers to the arithmetic method for analyzing test items. Conditions for students identifying distractors provide a response or option. Qualitative item analysis is being able to format your items, at this stage the instructors are looking for questions to match the objectives, content validity and if the test item were of quality high stakes test items, well written or poorly written and if to see if there were any editing being done (p.234). In this report the charts were used to best describe quantitative analysis, given account that 10 students selected and answered the questions correctly then divided by the total number of students that even made an attempt to answer any of the questions. Because the test consisted of 5 questions and answers from the number of students, student number 5 answered all test questions correctly, while the other nine students made an attempt to answer the questions.
Over View of Hypothetical Psychology Test

1. Who came up with the psychosexual stages?
*Sigmund Freud
Lady Gaga
2.Which psychologist tested classical conditioning with dogs?
B. F. Skinner
*Ivan Pavlov
Igor Pavlov
Sigmund Freud
3. Explain the difference between operant conditioning and classical conditioning, and provide an example of each
4. The act of removing a stimulus to reinforce a certain behavior * called negative reinforcement positive reinforcement punishment all of the above
5. Psychology is
*the study of the psyche

These test questions were poorly written and allowed to many distractors.

When analyzing the results for a hypothetical psychology test, I calculated to find the mean score for all the questions. The scores were totaled by using electronic Microsoft excel for each question per student to calculate the average. The data then was collected by adding the M-mean and dividing by each score. The average was added, and then divided by the number of scores in each column. These test questions provided a lot of distracters all test answers had asterisks and questions that were provided lack instructions and validity, the questions needed more details or the test questions could have been rewritten also the multiply choice questions need more or better choices. In order to ensure that students are not constantly second guessing themselves and that they successful during testing the admitter could have allowed time for proofreading his or her material before administering the test. In our text it states a well written item should consist of both quantitative and qualitative item analysis. To improve on test we should assemble test well in advance and review our material, look for grammatical errors, distracters, double negatives and most importantly making sure the material matches what has been taught as well as test items matching their objectives.
As a final result we need to do an overall assessment to analyze for the qualitative items to pin point any possible problem before administering test items to students; by looking for content validity and technical item errors, so validity and reliability measurements can be valid. In closing according to Kubiszyn & Borich, as we keep in mind the following steps to assembling test write clear measurable instructional objectives, prepare a blueprint of your test by specifying the number of items for each content process area, as a balance by using the test assembly these steps will help evaluate specified items from our reference to determine accuracy of test questions and answers (p. 232).

Kubiszyn, T. & Borich, G. (2010). Educational testing & measurement: Classroom application and practice (9th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Effective Ways of Using Technology in Improving English Communicative Skill

...Topic: Effective Ways Of Using Technology In Improving English Communicative Skill Name: Syafiqah binti Hasram In an article in The Times on 12th April 2012, Malaysia is classified as one of the countries that are rapidly developing in technology. Along with our neighbor country Singapore, Malaysia is improving in technological industry that has been approved as an effective device in improving education, communicative skill and creative thinking besides serving as nation’s improviser. Ministry of Education proposed the use technology as one of the main sources to improve and empower English speaking skill among primary school students. This proposition, of course were accompanied by agrees and disagreement from various parties. Almost 67% of the objections came from parents who are concern about the negative effect of technology if the policy of using technology in education is enforced. (Ministry of Education, 2009) This is because, the spreading issues of technology’s negative effect has seems to blend into our community. Nonetheless, everything comes with its pros and cons. In preview, we will discuss about how effective usage of technology can improve one’s educational standard. Television has indeed increase the percentage and improves the academic level of students especially in the age of primary school students. Based on a research by Dr. Lim Yeoh Soon (2010), a professor of Children Development, technology like television can improve one’s academic standard as......

Words: 952 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Examine the Advantages of Sociologists Using Official Statistics in Their Research.

...Statistics is the study of the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data. There are variety of different types of statistics, hard statistics are numerical data that can not be manipulated, soft statistics are numerical data that can be manipulated, official statistics are produced by formal institutions whilst unofficial are carried out by informal institutions. By definition, statistical data is quantative data which increases its reliability. Using Statistics in research has a variety of different advantages. This kind of research is cheap and easily accessible. Also, as not much time is spent on primary research, analysis will be fairly quick so the results are fairly up to date. The ready availability of official statistics mean the researcher does not have to spend time and money collecting his / her own information. Unlike in Qualitative research methods such as interviews that could possibly involve travelling costs. It may be the case that official statistics are the only available source for a piece of research. Durkheim, for example, in his study of in 1897 used official statistics drawn from coroners' reports from different societies to establish that suicide rates varied within societies. By doing this, he was able to argue that social factors, such as religious belief, were significant variables and influences in the explanation of why people committed suicide. For some topics, therefore, secondary research is the only......

Words: 566 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Statistics - Elements of a Test Hypothesis

...Elements of a Test of Hypothesis 1. Null Hypothesis (H0 ) - A statement about the values of population parameters which we accept until proven false. 2. Alternative or Research Hypothesis (Ha )- A statement that contradicts the null hypothesis. It represents researcher’s claim about the population parameters. This will be accepted only when data provides sufficient evidence to establish its truth. 3. Test Statistic - A sample statistic (often a formula) that is used to decide whether to reject H0 . 4. Rejection Region- It consists of all values of the test statistic for which H0 is rejected. This rejection region is selected in such a way that the probability of rejecting true H0 is equal to α (a small number usually 0.05). The value of α is referred to as the level of significance of the test. 5. Assumptions - Statements about the population(s) being sampled. 6. Calculation of the test statistic and conclusion- Reject H0 if the calculated value of the test statistic falls in the rejection region. Otherwise, do not reject H0 . 7. P-value or significance probability is defined as proportion of samples that would be unfavourable to H0 (assuming H0 is true) if the observed sample is considered unfavourable to H0 . If the p-value is smaller than α, then reject H0 . Remark: 1. If you fix α = 0.05 for your test, then you are allowed to reject true null hypothesis 5% of the time in repeated application of your test rule. 2. If the p-value of a test is 0.20 (say) and you reject H0 then,......

Words: 1699 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Advantages of Using Official Statistics in Sociological Research (W.I.P)

...sociological research, it can be advantageous to the researcher to use official statistics within their research. Official statistics are fairly easy to access and by using them a lot of time is saved by not having to collect as much primary data, analysis of this data would be quick and the data itself would be fairly up-to-date. It is also cheaper to use official statistics as having to collect qualitative data could result in travel costs by moving to the area of the study. In some cases, official statistics may be the only way to collect a certain set of data needed for the research, for example, in 1897 Durkheim used official statistics taken from a coroners reports from different areas to research the suicide rates of those areas. Because he had done this he was able to argue that the social factors of those areas, such as overall wealth or religion, were infact major influences on the rates of suicide. For some topics the only way to do the research is through the use of secondary data, if you are trying to research something that happened many years ago then there is no way that you would be able to collect primary data for it in the present, forcing the need for secondary data to be used. Even though using official statistics is reliable it also has quite a few weaknesses. One major weakness is the definitions of the words used, you can't always be sure that the person who wrote the statistics definitions of words like “Crime” or “Class” could be the same as......

Words: 275 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Improving the Management of Cost and Scope in Software Projects Using Agile Practices

...International Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology (IJCSIT) Vol 5, No 1, February 2013 IMPROVING THE MANAGEMENT OF COST AND SCOPE IN SOFTWARE PROJECTS USING AGILE PRACTICES Mariana de Azevedo Santos1, Paulo Henrique de Souza Bermejo2, Marcelo Silva de Oliveira3, Adriano Olímpio Tonelli2, Enio Júnior Seidel4 1 2 3 Mitah Technologies, Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil Department of Computer Science – Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA), 4 Department of Mathematical Sciences – Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA) Universidade Federal do Pampa (UNIPAMPA) ABSTRACT While organizations want to develop software products with reduced cost and flexible scope, stories about the applicability of agile practices to improve project development and performance in the software industry are scarce and focused on specific methodologies such as Scrum and XP. Given these facts, this paper aims to investigate, through practitioners' perceptions of value, which agile practices are being used to improve two performance criteria for software projects—cost and scope. Using a multivariate statistical technique known as Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), the results suggest that the use of agile practices can be represented in factors which describe different applications in software development process to improve cost and scope. Also, we conclude that......

Words: 3283 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Analyzing and Improving a Test Using Statistics

...daily adjustments to instruction, to maximize student learning and help address those students who are not progressing with a more intensive or different instruction approach (Kubiszyn & Borich, 2013). An educator can use each of these assessment approaches to validate the effectiveness of the curriculum being used for any subject being taught in the classroom. It can help teachers identify the students that need extra attention in certain areas, and help change the lesson around for a better understanding. Teachers need to make sure if the lessons being taught in the classroom are not just being remembered temporarily, they want to make sure it stays in the student throughout their education; using both assessments can help find out if students are remembering the lessons. Using summative and formative assessment can help teachers create an effective instructional plan to help diverse students, not familiar with our schools curriculum. References: Kubiszyn, T., Borich, G. (2013) Educational Testing and Measurement: Classroom Application and Practive (10th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ....

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Improving Byzantine Fault Tolerance Using Concurrent Information

...Improving Byzantine Fault Tolerance Using Concurrent Information by FNGenius Abstract Many futurists would agree that, had it not been for the deployment of the lookaside buffer, the understanding of Scheme might never have occurred. In this position paper, we verify the study of the Turing machine. WABBLE, our new solution for extensible epistemologies, is the solution to all of these obstacles. Table of Contents 1) Introduction 2) Related Work 3) Design 4) Implementation 5) Performance Results 5.1) Hardware and Software Configuration 5.2) Experiments and Results 6) Conclusion 1 Introduction Many computational biologists would agree that, had it not been for stable theory, the exploration of symmetric encryption might never have occurred. Given the current status of signed symmetries, systems engineers daringly desire the analysis of gigabit switches, which embodies the significant principles of networking. Further, compellingly enough, indeed, compilers and reinforcement learning have a long history of agreeing in this manner. Contrarily, suffix trees alone can fulfill the need for the producer-consumer problem. Cyberneticists largely study telephony in the place of the deployment of architecture. The usual methods for the visualization of virtual machines do not apply in this area. Nevertheless, this solution is continuously well-received. This is a direct result of the analysis of compilers. Thusly, we see no reason not to use the......

Words: 2744 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Determination of the Content of Reducing Sugar Using Benedict’s Test

...Lab 4: Determination of the content of reducing sugar using Benedict’s test [Tested sample : Lucozade (glucose content : 22.48 %] Area B1 (max. 15 marks) Aim: ( max. 1½ ) - By use of Benedict’s test to estimate the concentration of reducing sugars - in the given sample, Lucozade - in term of glucose equivalent - by comparing its reducing power with the standard glucose solution (2%) Principle: (max. 6) (Experimental design and principles) Benedict’s test - condition / test boiling of Benedict’s solution with reducing sugars / test with Benedict’s solution will give brick red precipitate - mechanism due to presence of blue solution Cu 2+ in Benedict’s solution changed into insoluble brick-red precipitate (Cu+) - observation and indicator for estimation  making the resulted mixture have a gradual change of colour with amount of reducing sugars inside the solution : from blue to green, then yellow and finally brick red  the colour of boiled mixture / the amount of precipitate at bottom of test tube as indicator of comparing concentration of reducing sugars.  the more the ppt.  more reducing sugar - Expected result similar ppt. between sample (may be diluted) and certain concentration of standard solution  similar conc. of reducing sugar Variables:  independent variable: conc. of reducing sugars in solutions  dependent variable: amount of precipitate formed Others:  pre-experimental trial: to determine which of the......

Words: 648 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...integrates applied business research and descriptive statistics. Students will learn to apply business research and descriptive statistics in making better business decisions. Other topics include examination of the role of statistics in research, statistical terminology, the appropriate use of statistical techniques, and interpretation of statistical findings in business and research. Policies Faculty and students will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents: • University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. • Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum. University policies are subject to change. Be sure to read the policies at the beginning of each class. Policies may be slightly different depending on the modality in which you attend class. If you have recently changed modalities, read the policies governing your current class modality. Course Materials Lind, D. A., Marchal, W. G., & Wathen, S. A. (2011). Basic statistics for business and economics (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. McClave, J. T., Benson, P. G., & Sincich, T. (2011). Statistics for business and economics (11th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson-Prentice Hall. All electronic materials are available on the student website. |Week One: Understanding the Meaning of Statistics ......

Words: 3466 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay


...IN STATISTICS REGRESSION ANALYISIS Seventh Edition William Mendenhall University of Florida Terry Sincich University of South Florida Prentice Hall Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Toronto Madrid Delhi Milan Mexico Munich City Sao Paris Paulo Montreal Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editor in Chief: Deirdre Lynch Acquisitions Editor: Marianne Stepanian Associate Content Editor: Dana Jones Bettez Senior Managing Editor: Karen Wernholm Associate Managing Editor: Tamela Ambush Senior Production Project Manager: Peggy McMahon Senior Design Supervisor: Andrea Nix Cover Design: Christina Gleason Interior Design: Tamara Newnam Marketing Manager: Alex Gay Marketing Assistant: Kathleen DeChavez Associate Media Producer: Jean Choe Senior Author Support/Technology Specialist: Joe Vetere Manufacturing Manager: Evelyn Beaton Senior Manufacturing Buyer: Carol Melville Production Coordination, Technical Illustrations, and Composition: Laserwords Maine Cover Photo Credit: Abstract green flow, ©Oriontrail/Shutterstock Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and Pearson was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in initial caps or all caps. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Mendenhall, William. A second course in statistics :......

Words: 63698 - Pages: 255

Premium Essay

Improving Organizational Performance

...research and statistics in organizational psychology Research and statistics play a large role in the studies of organizational psychology. There are many methods of research and statistics used to determine information and answers to the many questions posed by organizational psychologists. When collecting data, researchers must be aware of several issues that can affect the validity of their research. Generalizing information across differing organizations can commonly lead to mistakes (Britt & Jex, 2008). In this paper I will actually explain the role of research and statistics in organizational psychology, and how organizational psychology can be used in organizations.   One of the most important jobs of an I/O psychologist is to help a business or organization select the most qualified/well-suited people for the various positions that are offered by the company. This process takes time and requires that the psychologist predict the future needs of the organization, establish objectives, and implement programs that ensure that the best people possible will be available when needed to find people who will enjoy their job, match well with the company, and be productive, I/O psychologists use learning and motivational theories to test or analyze a person's personality and knowledge. Standardized cognitive tests and other psychological tests are administered to the prospective employee. By using......

Words: 917 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Dave’s Crash Course in Statistics Using Spss

...Dave’s Crash Course in Statistics using SPSS 1.0 Classifying the different types of data There are four types of variables: nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio. Distinguishing between these types of variables is important, as several statistical tools may only be used for certain types of data. Nominal variables: where values are assigned to categories in no particular order. This assignment of values is arbitrary and holds no particular meaning or order to them. For example, “sex” where 1=male 2=female “marital status” where 1=never married 2= married 3=defacto “yes/no type questions” where 1=yes 2=no. Ordinal variables: where values are assigned to categories that are related to each other in some logical order – such as ascending or descending order. For example, “age group” 1=under 21yrs 2=21-35yrs 3=35-49yrs 4=50 yrs and over “education” where 1=high school completed 2=tertiary studies completed 3=post-graduate studies completed. The higher the value assigned, the higher the category (ie. higher age group or education level). Interval variables: where the values assigned are ordered in the same way as ordinal variables, however, the intervals or distances between the categories are equally spaced. For example, “please rate the importance of the following attributes…” according to the scale 1----------2----------3----------4----------5 where......

Words: 2971 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Analyzing the Impact of Fdi on Inflation of the Nafta Countries Using Fixed Effects

...Analyzing the impact of FDI on Inflation of the NAFTA Countries using Fixed Effects Model and Random Effect Model Objective of this study is to examine the impact of foreign direct investment on the inflation of the NAFTA countries (United States, Canada and Mexico). To conduct the analysis we have developed a panel data set consisting of FDI and inflation data of all three countries from 1988 to 2014. One important aspect of this analysis is test the notion that unobservable factors that might simultaneously affect the left hand side and right hand side of the regression are time-invariant. To test this, we need to use Fixed Effects (F-E) model and Random Effects (R-E) model. We used STATA for necessary analysis. Results are presented below: Simple OLS regression (see Table-1) tells us that for NAFTA countries, FDI and inflation is negatively correlated and statistically significant. The estimated coefficient of -.0000251 indicates that for 1 dollar increase in FDI, inflation is expected to decrease by .0000251%, ceteris paribus. The data set has been estimated by both 1) least squares dummy variable (LSDV) estimator. 2) Fixed effects estimator. The LSDV (see Table-2) fits the data better than does the pooled OLS. The F statistic increased from 5.05 to 10.21 (p<0000); SSE (sum of squares due to error or residual) decreased from .633356331 to .482044733; and R2 increased from 0.0601 to 0.2846. Due to the dummies included, this model loses two degrees of freedom (from......

Words: 549 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Problem with Using Personality Tests for Hiring

... The Problem with Using Personality Tests for Hiring by Whitney Martin A decade ago, researchers discovered something that should have opened eyes and raised red flags in the business world. Sara Rynes, Amy Colbert, and Kenneth Brown conducted a study in 2002 to determine whether the beliefs of HR professionals were consistent with established research findings on the effectiveness of various HR practices. They surveyed 1,000 Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) members — HR Managers, Directors, and VPs — with an average of 14 years’ experience. The results? The area of greatest disconnect was in staffing— one of the lynchpins of HR. This was particularly prevalent in the area of hiring assessments, where more than 50% of respondents were unfamiliar with prevailing research findings. [pic] [pic] [pic] Several studies since have explored why these research findings have seemingly failed to transfer to HR practitioners. Among the causes are the fact that HR professionals often don’t have time to read the latest research; the research itself is often present with technically complex language and data; and that the prospect of introducing an entirely new screening measure is daunting from multiple angles. At the same time, anyone who has ever been responsible for hiring, much less managing, employees knows that there is a wide variation in worker performance levels across jobs. Therefore, it is critical for organizations to understand what differences among......

Words: 1035 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...The purpose of this paper is to determine which methods of statistics are used as a measuring tool and what levels of measurements are used or could be used to improve the decision-making process for this organization. Statistics in the Workplace Many areas of the hospital facility use statistics in measurement. How do statistics affect this hospital healthcare facility in women services? One example is measuring nurse/patient ratios based on patient census and acuity. Patient acuity and census determines how many nurses are assigned to each patient based on their acuity. This also ensures patient and personnel safety. Patient satisfaction surveys are performed to improve patient care outcome as measured by HCAHPS (Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems); these tactics were discovered by the Studer Group. HCAHPS encourages leaders and staff members alike to realize the results are meaningful and that they translate to better, more consistent quality care, which in turn translates to better patient outcome (Robinson & Cook, RN, 2010). Other examples, flu vaccinations offered to each mother during flu season (October-February), C-sections to epidural usage stats, evidence base practice-based on data collections, mathematitons work out acceptable variable/quantities acceptably, maternal hepatitis B status (mandatory reporting by the state of Fresno, county), all delivery-related statistics for internal distribution (total number of deliveries,......

Words: 1085 - Pages: 5