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African Tradition

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Submitted By pdiallo
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Piracy Off the Horn of Africa The horn of Africa had long been a region of significant economic and its waters had facilitated trades between north east Africa, south Arabia and Asia. Today that region of Africa is devastated by lack employment, environmental hardship and insecurity. Many of fishing communities along the coast of Somalia see their means of livelihood stripped and joined the ranks of the pirates out of the need to survive. While the profitability of piracy appears to be a primary motivating factor, one can argue poverty is the primary cause of the crisis.

Today the horn of Africa is one of the continent most unsecured regions. There is no way one can truly understand the piracy problem without looking at the causes. Civil war and famine have fueled lawlessness and anarchy in Somalia since the Somali government collapsed in 1991. Somalia lack of government and recurrent civil wars have created a flood of refugees and thousand of somaliens had fled the region with no jobs, and no prospects for the future. In addition to the lack of stable government, the famine and drought, there is also thousand kilometres of coastline unguarded. This has atracted some foreign commercial fishing fleets that have plundered the Horn of Africa for valuable fish and the situation has left the local fisherman depleted with their survival means . According to the united nations “ United Nations estimates $300 million worth of seafood is stolen each year”. While there are crop of thugs and criminal in the rang of the pirates looking for huge randsom ,the majority of them are former fishmen who used relied on fishing activities for daily living. After many years of overfishing by Europeen fishing vessels , they are experiencing an overfifishing and with very few alternatives opportunities for the communities affected by the depletion of fish stocks , hijacking foreign vessels and aking for ransom become an option for survival. It hard to disagree with the pirates whom believe that the real pirates are the foreign fishing vessels that invade their maritime teritories.With lack of stable governement and equipments it had became enormously difficult to contol the large fishing boats from fishing in the waters normally reseved for the pirogue. The local fishermen whom used to live of fish resources saw two options starve or steal from the ships of rich countries to give to their poor families back in war-torn country . I find hard it to disagree with the local firman who believe that the foreign fishing companies that consider sea bandits those who illegally fish in our seas and dump waste in our seas and carry weapons in our seas. A recent reports from the Kenyan government showing the local population living around the coastal region of Mombassa whose source of living was based primarily on fishing activities has seen their business booming and quality of life improved in the past two years. Major fishing companies’ vessels from India, Malaysia, and China in danger have fled that region and have caused an abundance of fish. Another example cited in the report is Milinda , a small fishing town on the coast of Kenya. Most of the surrounding villages are mired in poverty. But for the fishermen, life is looking up for they are netting huge catches of fish - earning over 50 times the average daily wag because of many huge Europeen fishing boats are scare away by the pirates. There are also some evidence of illegally dumped radioactive waste off shore, The dumping of toxic water in this shore had killed tons of fishes and made the livelihood of the local population that depended once to the fishing resources extremely difficult. There are others similares situations in the coast of west Africa where overfishing by europeen commercial vessels has forced the local fishermen or local population that depended to the fishing activities attempted the dangerous, 1448km journey from Senegal, Guinee Bissau or mouritania coasts to the Canary Islands and forms part of the rising tide of illegal immigrants gambling with their lives at sea for better work, better pay, and better lives in Europe.

Works Cited
“A long war of the waters." Economist 394.8664 (2010): 47-48. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 9 Feb 2010. .
Congressional Research Service “Fact Sheet: United States Actions to Counter Off the Horn of Africa,” September, 2009. 06 febrary2010…...

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